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Java™ How To Program (Early Objects), Tenth Edition by Harvey Deitel, Paul Deitel

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1.6.1 Windows—A Proprietary Operating System

In the mid-1980s, Microsoft developed the Windows operating system, consisting of a graphical user interface built on top of DOS—an enormously popular personal-computer operating system that users interacted with by typing commands. Windows borrowed many concepts (such as icons, menus and windows) popularized by early Apple Macintosh operating systems and originally developed by Xerox PARC. Windows 8 is Microsoft’s latest operating system—its features include PC and tablet support, a tiles-based user interface, security enhancements, touch-screen and multi-touch support, and more. Windows is a proprietary operating system—it’s controlled by Microsoft exclusively. It’s by far the world’s most widely ...

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