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Java™ How To Program (Early Objects), Tenth Edition by Harvey Deitel, Paul Deitel

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Machine Languages

Any computer can directly understand only its own machine language, defined by its hardware design. Machine languages generally consist of strings of numbers (ultimately reduced to 1s and 0s) that instruct computers to perform their most elementary operations one at a time. Machine languages are machine dependent (a particular machine language can be used on only one type of computer). Such languages are cumbersome for humans. For example, here’s a section of an early machine-language payroll program that adds overtime pay to base pay and stores the result in gross pay:

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