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JavaScript Web Applications

Cover of JavaScript Web Applications by Alex MacCaw Published by O'Reilly Media, Inc.
  1. JavaScript Web Applications
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    2. Preface
      1. Who Is This Book For?
      2. How This Book Is Organized
      3. Conventions Used in This Book
      4. Accompanying Files
      5. Code Conventions
      6. Holla
      7. Author’s Note
      8. Safari® Books Online
      9. How to Contact Us
    3. 1. MVC and Classes
      1. Early Days
      2. Adding Structure
      3. What Is MVC?
      4. Toward Modularity, Creating Classes
      5. Adding Functions to Classes
      6. Adding Methods to Our Class Library
      7. Class Inheritance Using Prototype
      8. Adding Inheritance to Our Class Library
      9. Function Invocation
      10. Controlling Scope in Our Class Library
      11. Adding Private Functions
      12. Class Libraries
    4. 2. Events and Observing
      1. Listening to Events
      2. Event Ordering
      3. Canceling Events
      4. The Event Object
      5. Event Libraries
      6. Context Change
      7. Delegating Events
      8. Custom Events
      9. Custom Events and jQuery Plug-Ins
      10. Non-DOM Events
    5. 3. Models and Data
      1. MVC and Namespacing
      2. Building an ORM
      3. Adding ID Support
      4. Addressing References
      5. Loading in Data
      6. Populating Our ORM
      7. Storing Data Locally
      8. Adding Local Storage to Our ORM
      9. Submitting New Records to the Server
    6. 4. Controllers and State
      1. Module Pattern
      2. Adding a Bit of Context
      3. State Machines
      4. Routing
    7. 5. Views and Templating
      1. Dynamically Rendering Views
      2. Templates
      3. Binding
    8. 6. Dependency Management
      1. CommonJS
      2. Module Loaders
      3. Wrapping Up Modules
      4. Module Alternatives
      5. FUBCs
    9. 7. Working with Files
      1. Browser Support
      2. Getting Information About Files
      3. File Inputs
      4. Drag and Drop
      5. Copy and Paste
      6. Reading Files
      7. Custom Browse Buttons
      8. Uploading Files
      9. jQuery Drag and Drop Uploader
    10. 8. The Real-Time Web
      1. Real Time’s History
      2. WebSockets
      3. Real-Time Architecture
      4. Perceived Speed
    11. 9. Testing and Debugging
      1. Unit Testing
      2. Drivers
      3. Headless Testing
      4. Distributed Testing
      5. Providing Support
      6. Inspectors
      7. The Console
      8. Using the Debugger
      9. Analyzing Network Requests
      10. Profile and Timing
    12. 10. Deploying
      1. Performance
      2. Caching
      3. Minification
      4. Gzip Compression
      5. Using a CDN
      6. Auditors
      7. Resources
    13. 11. The Spine Library
      1. Setup
      2. Classes
      3. Events
      4. Models
      5. Controllers
      6. Building a Contacts Manager
    14. 12. The Backbone Library
      1. Models
      2. Collections
      3. Views
      4. Controllers
      5. Syncing with the Server
      6. Building a To-Do List
    15. 13. The JavascriptMVC Library
      1. Setup
      2. Classes
      3. Model
      4. Using Client-Side Templates in the View
      5. $.Controller: The jQuery Plug-in Factory
      6. Putting It All Together: An Abstract CRUD List
    16. A. jQuery Primer
      1. DOM Traversal
      2. DOM Manipulation
      3. Events
      4. Ajax
      5. Being a Good Citizen
      6. Extensions
      7. Creating a Growl jQuery Plug-in
    17. B. CSS Extensions
      1. Variables
      2. Mixins
      3. Nested Rules
      4. Including Other Stylesheets
      5. Colors
      6. How Do I Use Less?
    18. C. CSS3 Reference
      1. Prefixes
      2. Colors
      3. Rounded Corners
      4. Drop Shadows
      5. Text Shadow
      6. Gradients
      7. Multiple Backgrounds
      8. Selectors
      9. Transitions
      10. Border Images
      11. Box Sizing
      12. Transformations
      13. Flexible Box Model
      14. Fonts
      15. Graceful Degradation
      16. Creating a Layout
    19. Index
    20. About the Author
    21. Colophon
    22. SPECIAL OFFER: Upgrade this ebook with O’Reilly
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Module Loaders

To use CommonJS modules on the client side, we need to use a module loader library. There is a variety of options, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. I’ll cover the most popular ones and you can choose which one best suits your needs.

The CommonJS module format is still in flux, with various proposals under review. As it stands, there’s no officially blessed transport format, which unfortunately complicates things. The two main module implementations in the wild are Transport C and Transport D. If you use any of the wrapping tools mentioned in the sections below, you’ll have to make sure it generates wrapped modules in a format your loader supports. Fortunately, many module loaders also come with compatible wrapping tools, or they specify supported ones in their documentation.

Yabble

Yabble is an excellent and lightweight module loader. You can configure Yabble to either request modules with XHR or to use script tags. The advantage to fetching modules with XHR is that they don’t need wrapping in the transport format. However, the disadvantage is that modules have to be executed using eval(), making debugging more difficult. Additionally, there are cross-domain issues, especially if you’re using a CDN. Ideally, you should only use the XHR option for quick and dirty development, certainly not in production:

<script src="https://github.com/jbrantly/yabble/raw/master/lib/yabble.js"> </script> <script> require.setModuleRoot("javascripts"); // We can use script tags ...

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