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Java Security by Scott Oaks

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Files to Administer by Hand

There are two security-related files in the Java platform that must be modified by hand (rather than by a tool). We’ve talked about these files throughout the book, but for reference, we’ll discuss the files and the information they hold.

The java.security File

The java.security file must be in the $JAVAHOME/lib/security directory. This file is consulted for the following information:

A list of security providers

You may have any number of entries in this file that specify a security provider that should be installed into the virtual machine. By default, there is one security provider specified by this entry:

security.provider.1=sun.security.provider.Sun

You may specify additional security providers by listing their full class name in this file. Make sure that all security providers are numbered consecutively starting with 1; additional providers can be added before the Sun provider as long as the number assigned to the Sun provider is adjusted accordingly (or the Sun provider could be removed altogether). Remember that this list of providers is consulted when the virtual machine first starts, but that programs with sufficient permissions may add and delete providers from this list.

A KeyStore type

You must have and entry in this file that lists the default type of keystore that an application should use. By default, that type is listed as:

keystore.type=jks

If you change the type listed in this entry, the new type will be used whenever anyone requests the ...

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