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Java Programming with Oracle JDBC by Donald Bales

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Statement Versus PreparedStatement

There’s a popular belief that using a PreparedStatement object is faster than using a Statement object. After all, a prepared statement has to verify its metadata against the database only once, while a statement has to do it every time. So how could it be any other way? Well, the truth of the matter is that it takes about 65 iterations of a prepared statement before its total time for execution catches up with a statement. This has performance implications for your application, and exploring these issues is what this section is all about.

When it comes to which SQL statement object performs better under typical use, a Statement or a PreparedStatement, the truth is that the Statement object yields the best performance. When you consider how SQL statements are typically used in an application -- 1 or 2 here, maybe 10-20 (rarely more) per transaction -- you realize that a Statement object will perform them in less time than a PreparedStatement object. In the next two sections, we’ll look at this performance issue with respect to both the OCI driver and the Thin driver.

The OCI Driver

Table 19-3 shows the timings in milliseconds for 1 insert and 1,000 inserts in the TESTXXXPERF table. The inserts are done first using a Statement object and then a PreparedStatement object. If you look at the results for 1,000 inserts, you may think that a prepared statement performs better. After all, at 1,000 inserts, the PreparedStatement object is almost twice ...

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