O'Reilly logo

Java I/O, 2nd Edition by Elliotte Rusty Harold

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Chapter 20. Readers and Writers

You’re probably going to experience a little déjà vu in this chapter. The java.io.Writer class is modeled on the java.io.OutputStream class. The java.io.Reader class is modeled on the java.io.InputStream class. The names and signatures of the methods of the Reader and Writer classes are similar (sometimes identical) to the names and signatures of the methods of the InputStream and OutputStream classes. The patterns these classes follow are similar as well. Filtered input and output streams are chained to other streams in their constructors. Filtered readers and writers are chained to other readers and writers in their constructors. InputStream and OutputStream are abstract superclasses that identify common functionality in the concrete subclasses. Likewise, Reader and Writer are abstract superclasses that identify common functionality in the concrete subclasses. The difference between readers and writers and input and output streams is that streams are fundamentally byte-based while readers and writers are fundamentally character-based. Where an input stream reads a byte, a reader reads a character. Where an output stream writes a byte, a writer writes a character.

While bytes are a more or less universal concept, characters are not. As you learned in the last chapter, the same character can be encoded differently in different character sets, and different character sets include different characters. Characters can even have different sizes in different ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required