O'Reilly logo

Java Enterprise in a Nutshell, Third Edition by William Crawford, Jim Farley

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

XSLT

Another specification incorporated into the JAXP API is the XML Stylesheet Transformation (XSLT) system. An XSLT transformation takes an input XML document and transforms it into an output format (not necessarily XML) according to a set of rules specified in an XSL stylesheet. One common application of XSL stylesheets is transforming XML into HTML for presentation in a browser; this is often done in the browser directly or on the web server via a content management system such as the Apache project’s Cocoon (http://cocoon.apache.org).

The following XSL document converts the orders.xml file from the SAX example into HTML:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/
Transform" xmlns:fo="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Format">
     <xsl:template match="orders">
       <html>
          <head><title>Order Summary</title></head>
          <body>
          <xsl:apply-templates/>
          </body>
     </html>
     </xsl:template>
     <xsl:template match="order">
       <h1>Order Number  <xsl:value-of select="@idnumber"/></h1>
       Ship To:
     <pre>
       <xsl:value-of select="shippingaddr"/>
     </pre>
     <ul>
       <xsl:apply-templates select="item"/>
     </ul>
     </xsl:template>
     <xsl:template match="item">
           <li><xsl:value-of select="@quantity"/> of item
            <xsl:value-of select="@idnumber"/><xsl:apply-templates/></li>
     </xsl:template>
     <xsl:template match="handling">
      <br/>Special Instructions: <xsl:value-of select="."/>
     </xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

The XSL file consists of a series of templates. The XSL processor matches each ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required