Interfaces and Abstract Classes
Java beginners often get the impression that an interface is simply a class without implementation code. While this is not technically incorrect, it obscures the real purpose of having the interface in the first place. The interface is more than that. The interface should be regarded as a contract between a service provider and its clients. This chapter therefore focuses on the concepts before explaining how to write an interface.
The second topic in this chapter is the abstract class. Technically speaking, an abstract class is a class that cannot be instantiated and must be implemented by a subclass. However, the abstract class is important because in some situations it can take the role of the interface. ...