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IPR, Biosafety and Bioethics by Shomini Parashar, Deepa Goel

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3

Classification of Patents

Chapter Objectives:

It is evident that patents are required in every field of technology and research. Therefore, patents are classified accordingly into various categories such as product patent, process patent, utility patent, etc. The patents are awarded for many disciplines such as software, electrical engineering, textile, pharmaceutical, food industry. Patents cover a vast area in biotechnological products, plant and microorganisms, which are also discussed in detail in this chapter.

The patent system in India is governed by the Patents Act 1970 and The Patents Rules 1972, which became effective from 20 April 1972. Subsequently the Patents Act 1970 was amended and became effective from 1 January, 1995. Further ...

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