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IP Routing Fundamentals

Book Description

A comprehensive ntroduction to routing concepts and protocols in IP networks.

  • Comprehensive review of the operational mechanics of today's leading routing protocols, including IGRP, EIGRP, OSPF, RIP, and RIP-2

  • Detailed explanation of IP addressing, including classful and classless addresses, subnetting, supernetting, Classless Interdomain Routing (CIDR), and Variable Length Subnet Masks (VLSM)

  • Side-by-side comparisons of various LAN segmentation technologies, including bridges, switches, and routers

  • Exploration of how routers are used to build wide area networks

  • Examination of the future of routing, including IPv6, next generation routing protocols, host-based routing, and IP Switching

  • IP Routing Fundamentals is the definitive introduction to routing in IP networks. This comprehensive guide explores the mechanics of routers, routing protocols, network interfaces, and operating systems.

    This reference provides essential background information for network professionals who are deploying and maintaining LANs and WANs, as well as IT managers who are seeking information on how evolving internetworking technology will affect future networks. Part I discusses the many roles routers play in networks, Part II talks about the inner working of routers, Part III works with the operational issues of routing protocols, and Part IV addresses implementation issues that provide practical insight, in addition to a discussion of the future of routing.

    Table of Contents

    1. Copyright
    2. About the Author
    3. About the Technical Reviewers
    4. Acknowledgments
    5. Introduction
    6. Internetworking Fundamentals
      1. An Introduction to Internetworking
        1. The OSI Reference Model
        2. Logical Adjacency
        3. The Need to Route
        4. Summary
      2. Understanding Internetwork Addresses
        1. The Internet's Address Architecture
        2. IP Addressing
        3. The Emergence of Subnetworks
        4. Classless Interdomain Routing
        5. Summary
      3. Routers and LANs
        1. LAN Domains
        2. LAN Segmentation
        3. LAN Backbones
        4. WAN Gateway
        5. Summary
      4. Routers and WANs
        1. A Closer Look at Routers
        2. WAN Performance Criteria
        3. Summary
    7. The Inner Workings of Routers
      1. Internet Protocols Versions
        1. The Network Layer
        2. The Transport Layer
        3. Internet Protocol, Version 4 (IPv4)
        4. Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6)
        5. Summary
      2. Transmission Technologies
        1. LAN Technologies
        2. WAN Technologies
        3. Carrier System Standards
        4. Summary
      3. The Mechanics of Routing Protocols
        1. Routing
        2. Convergence
        3. Route Calculation
        4. Summary
    8. Routing Protocols
      1. Routing Information Protocol
        1. The Origins of RIP
        2. RFC 1058 Specifications
        3. Operational Mechanics
        4. Topology Changes
        5. Limitations of RIP
        6. Summary
      2. Routing Information Protocol Version 2
        1. The Need to Update RIP
        2. RFC 1723 Specifications
        3. RIP-2's New Features
        4. Limitations of RIP-2
        5. Summary
      3. Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
        1. The Origins of IGRP
        2. An Overview of IGRP
        3. IGRP's Mechanisms
        4. Operational Mechanics
        5. Multipath Routing
        6. Summary
      4. Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
        1. EIGRP Background
        2. New Features Found in EIGRP
        3. EIGRP Data Structures
        4. Convergence Using EIGRP
        5. Summary
      5. Open Shortest Path First
        1. The Origins of OSPF
        2. RFC 2328 OSPF Version 2
        3. OSPF Data Structures
        4. Calculating Routes
        5. Summary
    9. Implementation Issues
      1. Building Internetworks
        1. A Blueprint for Success
        2. Topologies for Simple Internetworks
        3. Topologies for Large Internetworks
        4. Before You Build the WAN
        5. After You Build the WAN
        6. Summary
      2. Internetworking with Dissimilar Protocols
        1. Dissimilar Architectures
        2. Dissimilar Routed Protocols
        3. Dissimilar Routing Protocols
        4. Summary
      3. The Future of Routing
        1. Computer-Based Routers
        2. Multilayer Switches
        3. Next-Generation Routing
        4. Summary
    10. Index