These are tumultuous times for the banking industry in Europe. The financial crisis that erupted in 2008 has rarely been out of the headlines since. Yet this has not been solely a period of crisis management. It has also been a time of positive change and reform, involving self-examination by the banks; tough scrutiny by governments, regulators and the public; and a general determination to ensure that this crisis never happens again. This book seeks to explain what has been going on. Commissioned by the Association for Financial Markets in Europe, it is a collection of essays by some of the leading authorities in the field - senior regulators, specialists on pay and management, corporate CEOs and political and academic experts - about the reshaping of Europe’s banking sector. What has changed, and what still has to change? What has gone wrong, and how is it being put right? What are the challenges ahead for this vital industry and those who oversee it? The debate continues, and this volume is an essential contribution.