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Inventing the House by Charles T. Koebel, Dong Zhao, Andrew P. McCoy, Andrew R. Sanderford

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Chapter 6

Understanding the Potential of 4D Geospatial Modeling to Enhance Flood Mitigation Planning in Residential Areas

Pernille H. Christensen

6.1 Introduction

Over the past two decades the frequency and magnitude of natural emergencies or disasters has been steadily rising. Globally, natural disasters have caused more deaths and economic damage than ever before, and it is widely accepted that this trend is likely to continue (Coleman 2006). The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) estimated that 64 percent of the world’s population was affected by disasters between 1992 and 2012 with 1.3 million deaths and over US$2 trillion of economic damages (De Bono et al. 2013), that equates to a growth rate faster than the growth of gross ...

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