An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790)
Biosurveillance is based on data but data that may come in many different forms and from many different sources. Most often, biosurveillance uses medical and health-related data. The data may be clinically well-defined and linked to specific types of outbreaks, such as groupings of ICD-9 diagnosis codes, or they may be less well-defined, such as syndrome counts based on emergency room chief complaint data or only vaguely defined and perhaps weakly linked to specific types of outbreaks, such as over-the-counter (OTC) sales of cough and cold medication or absenteeism rates.
Biosurveillance data may also be based on active air or water sampling. ...