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Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Book Description

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology explains nanotechnology to an audience that does not necessarily have a scientific background. It covers all aspects, including the new areas of biomedical applications and the use of nanotechnology to probe the "quantum vacuum." After discussing the present state of the art in nanotechnology, the book makes estimates of where these technologies are going and what will be possible in the future.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Series Page
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. Nanotechnology Time Line
  8. Introduction
    1. Incremental Nanotechnology
    2. Evolutionary Nanotechnology
    3. Radical Nanotechnology
    4. Bottom-Up/Top-Down Nanotechnology
  9. Chapter 1: Size Matters
    1. The Fundamental Importance of Size
    2. The Magnetic Behavior of Nanoparticles
    3. The Mechanical Properties of Nanostructured Materials
    4. The Chemical Properties of Nanoparticles
    5. Nanoparticles Interacting with Living Systems
  10. Chapter 2: Nanoparticles Everywhere
    1. Nanoparticles in the Atmosphere
    2. Atmospheric Nanoparticles and Health
    3. Nanoparticles and Climate
    4. Marine Aerosol
    5. Nanoparticles in Space
  11. Chapter 3: Carbon Nanostructures: Bucky Balls and Nanotubes
    1. Why Carbon?
    2. Discovery of the First Fullerene: C60
    3. Structural Symmetry of the Closed Fullerenes
    4. Smaller Fullerenes and “Shrink-Wrapping” Atoms
    5. Larger Fullerenes
    6. Electronic Properties of Individual Fullerenes
    7. Materials Produced by Assembling Fullerenes (Fullerites and Fullerides)
    8. Discovery of Carbon Nanotubes
    9. Structure of SWNTs
    10. Electronic Properties of SWNTs
    11. Electronic Transport in Carbon Nanotubes
    12. Mechanical Properties of Nanotubes
    13. Thermal Conductivity of Nanotubes
    14. Carbon Nanohorns
    15. Carbon Nanobuds and Pea Pods
  12. Chapter 4: The Nanotechnology Toolkit
    1. Making Nanostructures Using Bottom-Up Methods
    2. Making Nanostructures Using Top-Down Methods
    3. Combining Bottom-Up and Top-Down Nanostructures
    4. Imaging, Probing, and Manipulating Nanostructures
  13. Chapter 5: Single-Nanoparticles Devices
    1. Data Storage on Magnetic Nanoparticles
    2. Quantum Dots
    3. Nanoparticles as Transistors
    4. Carbon NanoElectronics
  14. Chapter 6: Magic Beacons and Magic Bullets: The Medical Applications of Functional Nanoparticles
    1. Nanoparticles Interacting with Living Organisms
    2. Treatment of Tumors by Hyperthermia
    3. Medical Diagnosis and “Theranostics” Using Nanomaterials
  15. Chapter 7: Radical Nanotechnology
    1. Locomotion for Nanobots and Nanofactories
    2. On-Board Processing for Nanomachines
    3. Medical Nanobots
    4. Molecular Assembly
  16. Chapter 8: Prodding the Cosmic Fabric
    1. Zero-Point Energy of Space
    2. The Casimir Force
    3. The Casimir Force in Nanomachines
  17. Glossary
  18. Index