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Introduction to Nanoelectronics by Michael A. Stroscio, Viatcheslav A. Kochelap, Vladimir V. Mitin

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4  Materials for nanoelectronics

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4.1  Introduction

After the previous introduction to the general properties of particles and waves on the nanoscale, we shall now overview the basic materials which are exploited in nanoelec-tronics. As discussed in Chapters 1, electronics and optoelectronics primarily exploit the electrical and optical properties of solid-state materials. The simplest and most intuitive classification of solids distinguishes between dielectrics, i.e., non-conducting materials, and metals, i.e., good conducting materials. Semiconductors occupy a place in between these two classes: semiconductor materials are conducting and optically ...

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