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Introduction to Nanoelectronics by Michael A. Stroscio, Viatcheslav A. Kochelap, Vladimir V. Mitin

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2  Particles and waves

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2.1  Introduction

The evolution of microelectronics toward reduced device sizes has proceeded to a degree that renders conventional models, approaches, and theories inapplicable. Indeed, for objects with sizes of 100 nanometers or less it is frequently the case that the length scales associated with fundamental physical processes are comparable to the geometrical size of the device; also, fundamental time scales associated with physical processes are of the order of the time parameters for nanodevice operation. Therefore, on the nanoscale the theories and models underlying modern nanoelectronics become more complicated, ...

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