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Introduction to MIMO Communications by Jerry R. Hampton

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Appendices

Appendix A MIMO system equation normalization

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An examination of the MIMO literature shows that different authors express the MIMO system equation in various forms, which can be confusing to students new to the MIMO field. The seeming inconsistencies among the different forms of the system equation are due to different assumptions various authors make about how to normalize the parameters in the system equation. When those normalizations are taken into account, one finds that all the forms are equivalent. The purpose of this appendix is to explain the issue of normalization in general and to prove why the normalizations in Eqs. 3.2

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