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Introduction to Infrastructure: An Introduction to Civil and Environmental Engineering

Book Description

Penn and Parker's Introduction to Infrastructure is comprehensive, balanced coverage of different aspects of civil engineering that shows interconnectedness of the different civil engineering disciplines. This 1st Edition covers a broad coverage of engineering disciplines, and introduction to ethics. Traditional technical topics (e.g. construction, environmental/water resources, geotechnical, etc.) are interwoven through the text and rather than treating these subdisciplines on a chapter-by-chapter basis, case studies will be used to emphasize their interconnectedness.

The text also features practical civil and environmental engineering applications, with level of technical rigor (e.g. rudimentary); a conversational tone, prompting the reader; problem-based; and Website accompanying text such as current infrastructure related news; and ordinances (parking, stormwater, etc.) from communities of various sizes and geographic locations to be used as the basis for textbook exercises.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
    1. Intended Audience
    2. Goals and Motivation
    3. Unique Features
    4. Instructor Resources
    5. Student Resources
    6. Acknowledgments
    7. Sample Syllabi
  7. About the Authors
  8. Brief Table of Contents
  9. Contents
  10. Chapter One: Introduction to Infrastructure and Careers in Civil and Environmental Engineering
    1. Introduction
    2. The Prevalence of Infrastructure
    3. Infrastructure Systems
    4. Funding Infrastructure
    5. Sustainability
    6. The Civil and Environmental Engineering Professions
    7. Integration with Other Professions
    8. Integration with the Public
    9. Professional Issues
    10. The Future of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    11. Employment Opportunities
    12. About This Book
    13. Outro
    14. Key Terms
  11. Chapter Two: The Natural Environment
    1. Introduction
    2. Hydrologic Cycle and Hydrologic Budget
    3. Watersheds
    4. Rivers
    5. Habitat/Native Species
    6. Wetlands
    7. Geologic Formations
    8. Groundwater
    9. Atmosphere
    10. Climate Change
    11. Outro
    12. Key Terms
  12. Chapter Three: Structural Infrastructure
    1. Prelude to Chapters 3 through 5
    2. Introduction
    3. Foundations
    4. Skyscrapers
    5. Schools (ASCE 2009 Grade: D)
    6. Bridges (ASCE 2009 Grade: C)
    7. Dams (ASCE 2009 Grade: D)
    8. Levees and Floodwalls (ASCE 2009 Grade: D–)
    9. Retaining Walls
    10. Outro
    11. Key Terms
  13. Chapter Four: Transportation Infrastructure
    1. Introduction
    2. Roads (ASCE 2009 Grade: D-)
    3. Mass Transit (ASCE 2009 Grade: D)
    4. Non-Motorized Transportation
    5. Aviation (ASCE 2009 Grade: D)
    6. Waterways (ASCE 2009 Grade: D-)
    7. Ports
    8. Locks
    9. Tunnels
    10. Rail (ASCE 2009 Grade: C-)
    11. Outro
    12. Key Terms
  14. Chapter Five: Environmental and Energy Infrastructure
    1. Introduction
    2. Energy (ASCE 2009 Grade: D+)
    3. Drinking Water (ASCE 2009 Grade: D-)
    4. Wastewater (ASCE 2009 Grade: D-)
    5. Stormwater
    6. Parks and Recreation (ASCE 2009 Grade: C-)
    7. Solid Waste (ASCE 2009 Grade: C+)
    8. Hazardous Waste (ASCE 2009 Grade: D)
    9. Outro
    10. chapter Five Homework Problems
    11. Key Terms
    12. References
  15. Chapter Six: Construction Sites
    1. Introduction
    2. Security
    3. Staging Areas
    4. Equipment
    5. Utilities
    6. Erosion Control
    7. Outro
    8. chapter Six Homework Problems
    9. Key Terms
    10. References
  16. Chapter Seven: Infrastructure Systems
    1. Introduction
    2. Systems Overview
    3. Infrastructure Components as Systems
    4. Intra-Sector Systems
    5. Inter-Sector Systems
    6. The “Big Picture” System
    7. Outro
    8. Key Terms
  17. Chapter Eight: History, Heritage, and Future
    1. Introduction
    2. Themes
    3. Transportation
    4. Water Distribution and Treatment
    5. Wastewater Conveyance and Treatment
    6. And Then There Was More…
    7. The Future
    8. Outro
    9. Key Terms
  18. Chapter Nine: Analysis Fundamentals
    1. Introduction
    2. The Nature of Analysis
    3. The Analysis Process
    4. Case Study: Creation of the Rational Method
    5. Analysis Applications
    6. Outro
    7. Key Terms
    8. References
  19. Chapter Ten: Design Fundamentals
    1. Introduction
    2. The Design Process
    3. Design Factors
    4. Case Study: Chicago River Reversal
    5. Design Applications
    6. Outro
    7. Key Terms
  20. Chapter Eleven: Planning Considerations
    1. Introduction
    2. The Need for Planning
    3. Infrastructure Planning
    4. Transportation Planning
    5. Land Use Planning
    6. Regional Planning
    7. Emergency Planning
    8. Population Projections
    9. Outro
    10. Key Terms
  21. Chapter Twelve: Energy Considerations
    1. Introduction
    2. Background
    3. Energy Trends and Predicting Demand
    4. Sources of Energy
    5. Environmental Impacts
    6. Energy as an Infrastructure Consideration
    7. Outro
    8. Key Terms
  22. Chapter Thirteen: Sustainability Considerations
    1. Introduction
    2. The Needs of the World
    3. Resource Demand
    4. Measures of Sustainability
    5. The Role of Civil and Environmental Engineers in Promoting Sustainability
    6. Outro
    7. Key Terms
  23. Chapter Fourteen: Economic Considerations
    1. Introduction
    2. The Relationship Between Infrastructure and the Economy
    3. Sources of Funds
    4. Consideration of Project Economics
    5. Outro
    6. Key Terms
  24. Chapter Fifteen: Environmental Considerations
    1. Introduction
    2. Environmental Protection
    3. Environmental Impacts
    4. The Good (Bad?) Ole Days
    5. Environmental Regulations
    6. Environmental Complexity
    7. Outro
    8. Key Terms
  25. Chapter Sixteen: Social Considerations
    1. Introduction
    2. Welcoming the Challenge
    3. Social Impact Assessment
    4. Displacement
    5. Neighborhood Cohesion
    6. Health
    7. Environmental Justice
    8. Outro
    9. Key Terms
  26. Chapter Seventeen: Ethical Considerations
    1. Introduction
    2. Ethics and Engineering
    3. Codes of Ethics
    4. Ethical Decision-Making Framework
    5. Case Study
    6. Corruption
    7. Outro
    8. Key Terms
  27. Chapter Eighteen: Security Considerations
    1. Introduction
    2. Economic Impacts and Infrastructure Security
    3. Critical Infrastructure
    4. Designing for Failure
    5. Water Security
    6. Energy Security
    7. Transportation Security
    8. Risk Considerations
    9. Outro
  28. Chapter Nineteen: Other (No Less Important) Considerations
    1. Legal Considerations contributed by Matthew S. Carstens, Esq.
    2. Introduction
    3. Safety Considerations
    4. Maintenance Considerations
    5. Constructability Considerations
    6. Aesthetic Considerations
    7. Political Considerations
    8. Legal Considerations
    9. Outro
    10. Key Terms
  29. Chapter Twenty: Analysis II
    1. Introduction
    2. Construction Engineering: Critical Path Method
    3. Environmental Engineering: Air Pollution
    4. Geotechnical Engineering: Katrina Floodwalls
    5. Structural Engineering: Deflection of Beams
    6. Transportation Engineering: Transportation Impact Study
    7. Outro
    8. Key Terms
  30. Chapter Twenty One: Design II
    1. Introduction
    2. Construction Engineering: Concrete Mix and Formwork
    3. Environmental Engineering: Primary Treatment of Wastewater
    4. Geotechnical Engineering: Floodwalls
    5. Structural Engineering: Design of Structural Members
    6. Transportation Engineering: Horizontal Curves
    7. Outro
    8. Key Terms
  31. Chapter Opener Photo Credit
  32. Index