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Introduction to Electric Circuits, 9th Edition

Book Description

This book is designed for a one- to three-term course in electric circuits or linear circuit analysis and is structured for maximum flexibility. The central theme of Introduction to Electric Circuits is the concept that electric circuits are part of the basic fabric of modern technology. The presentation is geared to readers who are being exposed to the basic concepts of electric circuits for the first time, and the scope of the work is broad. Students should come to the course with the basic knowledge of differential and integral calculus. This book endeavors to prepare the reader to solve realistic problems involving electric circuits. Thus, circuits are shown to be the results of real inventions and the answers to real needs in industry, the office, and the home. The WileyPLUS learning environment provides robust resources for self-evaluation of student progress and assessment of learning outcomes.

Note: The ebook version does not provide access to the companion files.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. About the Authors
  6. Preface
    1. Approach and Organization
    2. What's New in the 9th Edition
    3. Features Retained from Previous Editions
    4. Supplements and Web Site Material
    5. Acknowledgments and Commitment to Accuracy
  7. Contents
  8. CHAPTER 1: Electric Circuit Variables
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Electric Circuits and Current
    3. 1.3 Systems of Units
    4. 1.4 Voltage
    5. 1.5 Power and Energy
    6. 1.6 Circuit Analysis and Design
    7. 1.7 How Can We Check … ?
    8. 1.8 DESIGN EXAMPLE Jet Valve Controller
    9. 1.9 SUMMARY
    10. PROBLEMS
    11. Design Problems
  9. CHAPTER 2: Circuit Elements
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Engineering and Linear Models
    3. 2.3 Active and Passive Circuit Elements
    4. 2.4 Resistors
    5. 2.5 Independent Sources
    6. 2.6 Voltmeters and Ammeters
    7. 2.7 Dependent Sources
    8. 2.8 Transducers
    9. 2.9 Switches
    10. 2.10 How Can We Check … ?
    11. 2.11 DESIGN EXAMPLE Temperature Sensor
    12. 2.12 SUMMARY
    13. PROBLEMS
    14. Design Problems
  10. CHAPTER 3: Resistive Circuits
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Kirchhoff's Laws
    3. 3.3 Series Resistors and Voltage Division
    4. 3.4 Parallel Resistors and Current Division
    5. 3.5 Series Voltage Sources and Parallel Current Sources
    6. 3.6 Circuit Analysis
    7. 3.7 Analyzing Resistive Circuits Using MATLAB
    8. 3.8 How Can We Check … ?
    9. 3.9 DESIGN EXAMPLE Adjustable Voltage Source
    10. 3.10 SUMMARY
    11. PROBLEMS
    12. Design Problems
  11. CHAPTER 4: Methods of Analysis of Resistive Circuits
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 Node Voltage Analysis of Circuits with Current Sources
    3. 4.3 Node Voltage Analysis of Circuits with Current and Voltage Sources
    4. 4.4 Node Voltage Analysis with Dependent Sources
    5. 4.5 Mesh Current Analysis with Independent Voltage Sources
    6. 4.6 Mesh Current Analysis with Current and Voltage Sources
    7. 4.7 Mesh Current Analysis with Dependent Sources
    8. 4.8 The Node Voltage Method and Mesh Current Method Compared
    9. 4.9 Circuit Analysis Using MATLAB
    10. 4.10 Using PSpice to Determine Node Voltages and Mesh Currents
    11. 4.11 How Can We Check … ?
    12. 4.12 DESIGN EXAMPLE Potentiometer Angle Display
    13. 4.13 SUMMARY
    14. PROBLEMS
    15. PSpice Problems
    16. Design Problems
  12. CHAPTER 5: Circuit Theorems
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 Source Transformations
    3. 5.3 Superposition
    4. 5.4 Thévenin's Theorem
    5. 5.5 Norton's Equivalent Circuit
    6. 5.6 Maximum Power Transfer
    7. 5.7 Using MA TLAB to Determine the Thévenin Equivalent Circuit
    8. 5.8 Using PSpice to Determine the Thévenin Equivalent Circuit
    9. 5.9 How Can We Check … ?
    10. 5.10 DESIGN EXAMPLE Strain Gauge Bridge
    11. 5.11 SUMMARY
    12. PROBLEMS
    13. PSpice Problems
    14. Design Problems
  13. CHAPTER 6: The Operational Amplifier
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 The Operational Amplifier
    3. 6.3 The Ideal Operational Amplifier
    4. 6.4 Nodal Analysis of Circuits Containing Ideal Operational Amplifiers
    5. 6.5 Design Using Operational Amplifiers
    6. 6.6 Operational Amplifier Circuits and Linear Algebraic Equations
    7. 6.7 Characteristics of Practical Operational Amplifiers
    8. 6.8 Analysis of Op Amp Circuits Using MATLAB
    9. 6.9 Using PSpice to Analyze Op Amp Circuits
    10. 6.10 How Can We Check … ?
    11. 6.11 DESIGN EXAMPLE Transducer Interface Circuit
    12. 6.12 SUMMARY
    13. PROBLEMS
    14. PSpice Problems
    15. Design Problems
  14. CHAPTER 7: Energy Storage Elements
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 Capacitors
    3. 7.3 Energy Storage in a Capacitor
    4. 7.4 Series and Parallel Capacitors
    5. 7.5 Inductors
    6. 7.6 Energy Storage in an Inductor
    7. 7.7 Series and Parallel Inductors
    8. 7.8 Initial Conditions of Switched Circuits
    9. 7.9 Operational Amplifier Circuits and Linear Differential Equations
    10. 7.10 Using MATLAB to Plot Capacitor or Inductor Voltage and Current
    11. 7.11 How Can We Check … ?
    12. 7.12 DESIGN EXAMPLE Integrator and Switch
    13. 7.13 SUMMARY
    14. PROBLEMS
    15. Design Problems
  15. CHAPTER 8: The Complete Response of RL and RC Circuits
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 First-Order Circuits
    3. 8.3 The Response of a First-Order Circuit to a Constant Input
    4. 8.4 Sequential Switching
    5. 8.5 Stability of First-Order Circuits
    6. 8.6 The Unit Step Source
    7. 8.7 The Response of a First-Order Circuit to a Nonconstant Source
    8. 8.8 Differential Operators
    9. 8.9 Using PSpice to Analyze First-Order Circuits
    10. 8.10 How Can We Check … ?
    11. 8.11 DESIGN EXAMPLE A Computer and Printer
    12. 8.12 SUMMARY
    13. PROBLEMS
    14. PSpice Problems
    15. Design Problems
  16. CHAPTER 9: The Complete Response of Circuits with Two Energy Storage Elements
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 Differential Equation for Circuits with Two Energy Storage Elements
    3. 9.3 Solution of the Second-Order Differential Equation — The Natural Response
    4. 9.4 Natural Response of the Unforced Parallel RLC Circuit
    5. 9.5 Natural Response of the Critically Damped Unforced Parallel RLC Circuit
    6. 9.6 Natural Response of an Underdamped Unforced Parallel RLC Circuit
    7. 9.7 Forced Response of an RLC Circuit
    8. 9.8 Complete Response of an RLC Circuit
    9. 9.9 State Variable Approach to Circuit Analysis
    10. 9.10 Roots in the Complex Plane
    11. 9.11 How Can We Check … ?
    12. 9.12 DESIGN EXAMPLE Auto Airbag Igniter
    13. 9.13 SUMMARY
    14. PROBLEMS
    15. PSpice Problems
    16. Design Problems
  17. CHAPTER 10: Sinusoidal Steady-State Analysis
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Sinusoidal Sources
    3. 10.3 Phasors and Sinusoids
    4. 10.4 Impedances
    5. 10.5 Series and Parallel Impedances
    6. 10.6 Mesh and Node Equations
    7. 10.7 Thévenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits
    8. 10.8 Superposition
    9. 10.9 Phasor Diagrams
    10. 10.10 Op Amps in AC Circuits
    11. 10.11 The Complete Response
    12. 10.12 Using MATLAB to Analyze AC Circuits
    13. 10.13 Using PSpice to Analyze AC Circuits
    14. 10.14 How Can We Check … ?
    15. 10.15 DESIGN EXAMPLE An Op Amp Circuit
    16. 10.16 SUMMARY
    17. PROBLEMS
    18. PSpice Problems
    19. Design Problems
  18. CHAPTER 11: AC Steady-State Power
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Electric Power
    3. 11.3 Instantaneous Power and Average Power
    4. 11.4 Effective Value of a Periodic Waveform
    5. 11.5 Complex Power
    6. 11.6 Power Factor
    7. 11.7 The Power Superposition Principle
    8. 11.8 The Maximum Power Transfer Theorem
    9. 11.9 Coupled Inductors
    10. 11.10 The Ideal Transformer
    11. 11.11 How Can We Check … ?
    12. 11.12 DESIGN EXAMPLE Maximum Power Transfer
    13. 11.13 SUMMARY
    14. PROBLEMS
    15. PSpice Problems
    16. Design Problems
  19. CHAPTER 12: Three-Phase Circuits
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Three-Phase Voltages
    3. 12.3 The Y-to-Y Circuit
    4. 12.4 The Δ-Connected source and Load
    5. 12.5 The Y-to-Δ Circuit
    6. 12.6 Balanced Three-Phase Circuits
    7. 12.7 Instantaneous and Average Power in a Balanced Three-Phase Load
    8. 12.8 Two-Wattmeter Power Measurement
    9. 12.9 How Can We Check … ?
    10. 12.10 DESIGN EXAMPLE Power Factor Correction
    11. 12.11 SUMMARY
    12. PROBLEMS
    13. PSpice Problems
    14. Design Problems
  20. CHAPTER 13: Frequency Response
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 Gain, Phase Shift, and the Network Function
    3. 13.3 Bode Plots
    4. 13.4 Resonant Circuits
    5. 13.5 Frequency Response of Op Amp Circuits
    6. 13.6 Plotting Bode Plots Using MATLAB
    7. 13.7 Using PSpice to Plot a Frequency Response
    8. 13.8 How Can We Check …?
    9. 13.9 DESIGN EXAMPLE Radio Tuner
    10. 13.10 SUMMARY
    11. PROBLEMS
    12. PSpice Problems
    13. Design Problems
  21. CHAPTER 14: The Laplace Transform
    1. 14.1 Introduction
    2. 14.2 Laplace Transform
    3. 14.3 Pulse Inputs
    4. 14.4 Inverse Laplace Transform
    5. 14.5 Initial and Final Value Theorems
    6. 14.6 Solution of Differential Equations Describing a Circuit
    7. 14.7 Circuit Analysis Using Impedance and Initial Conditions
    8. 14.8 Transfer Function and Impedance
    9. 14.9 Convolution
    10. 14.10 Stability
    11. 14.11 Partial Fraction Expansion Using MATLAB
    12. 14.12 How Can We Check … ?
    13. 14.13 DESIGN EXAMPLE Space Shuttle Cargo Door
    14. 14.14 SUMMARY
    15. PROBLEMS
    16. PSpice Problems
    17. Design Problems
  22. CHAPTER 15: Fourier Series and Fourier Transform
    1. 15.1 Introduction
    2. 15.2 The Fourier Series
    3. 15.3 Symmetry of the Function f ( t )
    4. 15.4 Fourier Series of Selected Waveforms
    5. 15.5 Exponential Form of the Fourier Series
    6. 15.6 The Fourier Spectrum
    7. 15.7 Circuits and Fourier Series
    8. 15.8 Using PSpice to Determine the Fourier Series
    9. 15.9 The Fourier Transform
    10. 15.10 Fourier Transform Properties
    11. 15.11 The Spectrum of Signals
    12. 15.12 Convolution and Circuit Response
    13. 15.13 The Fourier Transform and the Laplace Transform
    14. 15.14 How Can We Check … ?
    15. 15.15 DESIGN EXAMPLE DC Power Supply
    16. 15.16 SUMMARY
    17. PROBLEMS
    18. PSpice Problems
    19. Design Problems
  23. CHAPTER 16: Filter Circuits
    1. 16.1 Introduction
    2. 16.2 The Electric Filter
    3. 16.3 Filters
    4. 16.4 Second-Order Filters
    5. 16.5 High-Order Filters
    6. 16.6 Simulating Filter Circuits Using PSpice
    7. 16.7 How Can We Check … ?
    8. 16.8 DESIGN EXAMPLE Anti-Aliasing Filter
    9. 16.9 SUMMARY
    10. PROBLEMS
    11. PSpice Problems
    12. Design Problems
  24. CHAPTER 17: Two-Port and Three-Port Networks
    1. 17.1 Introduction
    2. 17.2 T-to-Π Transformation and Two-Port Three-Terminal Networks
    3. 17.3 Equations of Two-Port Networks
    4. 17.4 Z and Y Parameters for a Circuit with Dependent Sources
    5. 17.5 Hybrid and Transmission Parameters
    6. 17.6 Relationships Between Two-Port Parameters
    7. 17.7 Interconnection of Two-Port Networks
    8. 17.8 How Can We Check … ?
    9. 17.9 DESIGN EXAMPLE Transistor Amplifier
    10. 17.10 SUMMARY
    11. PROBLEMS
    12. Design Problems
  25. APPENDIX A: Getting Started with PSpice
    1. A.1 PSpice
    2. A.2 Getting Started
    3. A.3 Drawing a Circuit in the ORCAD Capture Workspace
    4. A.4 Specifying and Running the Simulation
  26. APPENDIX B: MATLAB, Matrices, and Complex Arithmetic
    1. B.1 Using MATLAB as a Calculator
    2. B.2 Matrices, Determinants, and Simultaneous Equations
    3. B.3 Complex Numbers and Complex Arithmetic
    4. B.4 Plotting Functions Using MATLAB
  27. APPENDIX C: Mathematical Formulas
    1. C.1 Trigonometric Identities
    2. C.2 Derivatives
    3. C.3 Indefinite Integrals
  28. APPENDIX D: Standard Resistor Color Code
  29. References
  30. Index