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Introduction to Community and Public Health

Book Description

Learn the basics of the five core areas of community and public health

Introduction to Community and Public Health covers the basics in each area of community and public health as identified by the Association of Schools of Public Health. In a student-friendly approach, authors Manoj Sharma, Paul W. Branscum, and Ashutosh Atri discuss epidemiology, biostatistics, social and behavioral sciences, environmental health, and healthy policy and management. Written to serve both graduate and undergraduate public health students, as well as to help prepare for the Certified in Public Health (CPH) exam, Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES) exam and Master certified in Health Education Specialist (MCHES) exam, the book covers each of these five core disciplines, plus other important topics such as:

  • Population dynamics and control

  • Air, water, and noise pollution, and other environmental issues

  • Program planning, budgeting, management, and evaluation

  • Systems thinking and leadership in community and public health

  • Students will gain insight into the descriptive, inferential, and analytical aspects of community and public health, as well as models, methods, and theories in health education and health promotion. Introduction to Community and Public Health provides the foundation necessary to build the skills of tomorrow's community and public health leaders.

    Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Title Page
    3. Copyright
    4. Dedication
    5. Figures and Tables
    6. Preface
    7. Acknowledgments
    8. The Authors
    9. Chapter 1: Introduction to Community and Public Health
      1. Defining Community and Public Health
      2. Basic Terms in Community and Public Health
      3. Issues in Community and Public Health
      4. Factors Affecting Community and Public Health
      5. Community and Public Health Organizations
      6. Historical Timeline for Community and Public Health
      7. Current Challenges in Community and Public Health
      8. Summary
      9. Key terms
      10. Review Questions
      11. Skill-Building Activity
      12. Websites to Explore
      13. References
    10. Chapter 2: Descriptive Epidemiology in Community and Public Health
      1. Definition, Scope, and Evolution of Epidemiology
      2. Descriptive Epidemiology and Analytical Epidemiology
      3. Contributions of Epidemiology
      4. Uses and Functions of Epidemiology
      5. Agent, Host, and Environment
      6. Rates, Ratios, Proportions, and Percentages
      7. Summary
      8. Key Terms
      9. Review Questions
      10. Skill-Building Activity
      11. Websites to Explore
      12. References
    11. Chapter 3: Analytical Epidemiology in Community and Public Health
      1. Types of Analytical Epidemiological Studies
      2. Association and Causation
      3. Infectious Disease Epidemiology
      4. Chronic Disease Epidemiology
      5. Selected Lifestyle Risk Factors
      6. Summary
      7. Key Terms
      8. Review Questions
      9. Skill-Building Activity
      10. Websites to Explore
      11. References
    12. Chapter 4: Descriptive Biostatistics in Community and Public Health
      1. Basic Terms in Biostatistics
      2. Frequency Distribution
      3. Measures of Central Tendency
      4. Measures of Dispersion
      5. Graphing Methods in Biostatistics
      6. Positively Skewed and Negatively Skewed Distributions
      7. Summary
      8. Key terms
      9. Review Questions
      10. Skill-Building Activity
      11. Websites to Explore
      12. References
    13. Chapter 5: Inferential Biostatistics in Community and Public Health
      1. Estimation
      2. Hypothesis Testing
      3. Testing Differences Between Two Group Means
      4. Nonparametric Tests for Testing Differences Between Two Groups
      5. Testing Differences Between Three or More Groups
      6. Nonparametric Counterparts of ANOVA
      7. Testing Differences in Proportions
      8. Testing Associations Between Two or More Variables
      9. Summary
      10. Key terms
      11. Review Questions
      12. Skill-Building Activity
      13. Websites to Explore
      14. References
    14. Chapter 6: Social and Behavioral Sciences in Community and Public Health
      1. Reasons for Studying Social and Behavioral Sciences
      2. Examples from Cardiovascular Disease, Obesity, and HIV/AIDS
      3. Community Organization and Community Building
      4. Summary
      5. Key terms
      6. Review Questions
      7. Skill-Building Activity
      8. Websites to Explore
      9. References
    15. Chapter 7: Models in Health Education and Health Promotion
      1. Planning Health Education and Health Promotion Interventions
      2. PRECEDE-PROCEED
      3. PATCH
      4. MATCH
      5. Intervention Mapping
      6. APEXPH
      7. PEN-3
      8. Summary
      9. Key terms
      10. Review Questions
      11. Skill-Building Activity
      12. Websites to Explore
      13. References
    16. Chapter 8: Theories in Health Education and Health Promotion
      1. Using Theories and Models
      2. Health Belief Model
      3. Transtheoretical Model
      4. Theory of Reasoned Action, Theory of Planned Behavior, and the Integrative Model
      5. Social Cognitive Theory
      6. Social Marketing
      7. Diffusion of Innovations Theory
      8. Summary
      9. Key terms
      10. Review Questions
      11. Skill-Building Activity
      12. Websites to Explore
      13. References
    17. Chapter 9: Methods in Health Education and Health Promotion
      1. Methods of Teaching and Learning
      2. Cognitive Methods in Health Education
      3. Affective Methods in Health Education
      4. Environmental Methods in Health Promotion
      5. Summary
      6. Key terms
      7. Review Questions
      8. Skill-Building Activity
      9. Websites to Explore
      10. References
    18. Chapter 10: Population Dynamics and Control
      1. Demographic Cycle
      2. World Population Trends
      3. World Population Stabilization or Decline Postpeak
      4. Summary
      5. Key terms
      6. Review Questions
      7. Skill-Building Activity
      8. Websites to Explore
      9. References
    19. Chapter 11: Air, Water, and Noise Pollution
      1. Air Pollution
      2. Water Pollution
      3. Noise Pollution
      4. Solid Waste Management
      5. Climate Change and Global Warming
      6. Summary
      7. Key terms
      8. Review Questions
      9. Skill-Building Activity
      10. Websites to Explore
      11. References
    20. Chapter 12: Injury Control and Other Environmental Issues
      1. Unintentional Injuries
      2. Intentional Injuries
      3. Pests and Pesticides
      4. Radiation
      5. Disaster Management
      6. Occupational Safety and Health
      7. Summary
      8. Key terms
      9. Review Questions
      10. Skill-Building Activity
      11. Websites to Explore
      12. References
    21. Chapter 13: Organization, Financing, and Delivery of Health Services and Public Health Systems in the United States
      1. Understanding the Structure and Functioning of the US Health Care System
      2. Organization of US Health Care
      3. The Uninsured Population
      4. Lack of Insurance and Access to Health Care Services
      5. Financing Health Systems
      6. US Health Care in the International Context
      7. Utilization Trends
      8. Private Health Insurance and Managed Care
      9. Cost Containment Initiatives
      10. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
      11. Organization of Public Health in the United States
      12. Summary
      13. Key terms
      14. Review Questions
      15. Skill-Building Activity
      16. Websites to Explore
      17. References
    22. Chapter 14: Program Planning, Budgeting, Management, and Evaluation in Community Initiatives
      1. Planning Public Health Programs
      2. Preparing Budgets for Public Health Programs
      3. Administration and Management of Public Health Programs
      4. Evaluation of Public Health Programs
      5. Summary
      6. Key terms
      7. Review Questions
      8. Skill-Building Activity
      9. Websites to Explore
      10. References
    23. Chapter 15: Systems Thinking and Leadership in Community and Public Health
      1. Systems Thinking: The Approach
      2. Basics of Leadership
      3. Leadership Styles
      4. Leadership in Health Care
      5. NCHL Health Leadership Competency Model
      6. Cultural Competence
      7. Summary
      8. Key terms
      9. Review Questions
      10. Skill-Building Activity
      11. Websites to Explore
      12. References
    24. Glossary
    25. Index
    26. End User License Agreement