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Introduction to Architectural Technology, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Understanding the relationship between design and technology is critical to the understanding of architecture. This book clearly explains the core aspects of architectural technology: structural physics, structural elements and forms, heating, lighting, environmental control, and computer modelling.

Hundreds of photographs, diagrams, and screengrabs demonstrate common architectural forms and construction techniques.

Historical and contemporary examples chart significant moments in architectural engineering and the development of materials science

Includes an examination of computer-aided design (CAD) and the use of building information management (BIM) technology for predicting and analyzing the behavior of buildings.

Written by three experienced teachers, this essential introduction to architecture will help students to integrate their design thinking with the appropriate structural and environmental solutions. 

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Contents
  6. Foreword
  7. Introduction
  8. Structure and Form
    1. Structural Physics
      1. Materials Science
        1. Forces
          1. Stress
          2. Strain
        2. Properties of Materials
          1. Strength
          2. Stiffness and Flexibility
        3. Reactions
          1. Bending
          2. Shear
      2. Structural Integrity
        1. Loads
          1. Live and Dead Loads
          2. Lateral Loads
          3. Bracing
          4. Torsion
        2. Stability
          1. Anchorage
          2. Height
          3. Center of Gravity
          4. Cantilever Principle
      3. Materials Technology
        1. Stone
        2. Wood
        3. Steel
        4. Reinforced Concrete
        5. Glass
        6. Fabrics
        7. Fiber-Reinforced Plastic
        8. Sheet Materials
    2. Structural Elements
      1. Bearing Elements
        1. Bearing Walls
          1. Stacked Masonry
          2. Composite Construction
        2. Columns
        3. Foundations
          1. Strip
          2. Pad
          3. Raft
          4. Pile
          5. Retaining Walls
      2. One-Way Spanning Elements
        1. Beam
          1. Cross-Sections
          2. Linear Profiles
        2. Profiled Plate
          1. Reinforced-Concrete Slab
          2. Profiled-Sheet
          3. Composite
          4. Wafer/Laminate
      3. Two-Way Spanning Elements
        1. Reinforced-Concrete Slab
        2. Coffer
        3. Space Frame
        4. Wafer/Laminate
      4. Connections and Joints
        1. Dry Joint
        2. Stone
        3. Nail
        4. Screw
        5. Bolt
        6. Rivet
        7. Turnbuckle
        8. Adhesives (Glue)
        9. Welding
        10. Brazing
    3. Structural Logic
      1. Compressive Structures
        1. Two-Dimensional Shapes
          1. Post and Beam
          2. A-Frame
          3. Portal Frame
          4. Arch
          5. Vault
          6. Dome
        2. Three-Dimensional Surfaces
          1. Diamatic Dome
          2. Lamella Dome
          3. Geodesic Dome
        3. Shell and Monocoque
      2. Tensile Surfaces
        1. Membrane
        2. Cable Net
        3. Tensegrity
  9. Climate and Shelter
    1. Human Comfort
      1. Thermal Comfort
      2. Solar Geometry
    2. Building Performance
      1. Climatic Envelope
        1. Thermal Mass
        2. Thermal Insulation
          1. Principles
          2. Types
        3. Air Movement
          1. Natural Ventilation
          2. Passive Control
        4. Windows and Glazing
        5. Weathering
          1. Masonry
          2. Cladding Systems
          3. Membranes
          4. Bonded Surfaces
          5. Insulation
      2. Sound and Light
        1. Acoustics
          1. Properties of Sound
          2. Acoustic Control
        2. Daylight
      3. Building Services
        1. Heating
        2. Mechanical Ventilation
        3. Air-Conditioning
          1. Principles
          2. Systems
        4. Integrated Systems
        5. Sanitation
  10. Computational Tools and Techniques
    1. Building Information Modeling
    2. Responsive Systems
    3. Structural Analysis
      1. Form Finding
      2. Finite Element Analysis
    4. Environmental Analysis
      1. Thermal
      2. Daylight
      3. Air Movement
      4. Acoustic
  11. Case Studies
    1. Mud House
    2. Tepee
    3. Igloo
    4. Obelisk
    5. The Pantheon
    6. The Ironbridge
    7. The Bell Rock Lighthouse
    8. The Crystal Palace
    9. Clifton Suspension Bridge
    10. Tropical House (Pavilion Demontable)
    11. Kresge Auditorium
    12. Palazzetto Dello Sport
    13. The Houston Astrodome
    14. The German Pavilion
    15. The USA Pavilion
    16. Self-Build House
    17. Sydney Opera House
    18. HSBC Headquarters
    19. The Pavilion of the Future
    20. The Portugal Pavilion
    21. The Lord’s Media Centre
    22. 30 St Mary Axe
    23. “D” Tower
    24. Davies Alpine House
    25. International Space Station
    26. Media ITC Space Station
    27. Stedelijk Museum Extension
  12. Building Codes
    1. Rules Governing Construction Technology
    2. World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) Guidelines on Sustainable Construction
    3. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System Construction
  13. Glossary
  14. Further Reading and Resources
  15. Index
  16. Picture Credits
  17. Acknowledgments