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Intersections in Basic and Applied Memory Research by Frederick G. Conrad, David G. Payne

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8

Constraints on the Suggestibility of Eyewitness Testimony: A Fuzzy-Trace Theory Analysis

Valerie F. Reyna

Allison L. Titcomb

University of Arizona

Numerous studies have established that memory performance is subject to distortion (Schacter, 1995). Well-known demonstrations include the suggestibility effect, in which misleading information given subsequent to an event causes errors in an eyewitness’ account of that event (e.g., Ceci & Bruck, 1993; Loftus & Hoffman, 1989); the autosuggestibility effect, in which memory errors are generated by eyewitnesses themselves (e.g., Ackerman, 1992; Brainerd & Reyna, 1995; Reyna, 1995); and source confusions, or misattributions, in which eyewitnesses fail to remember the source of misleading suggestions ...

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