A Clash of Cultures: Basic and Applied Cognitive Research
National Center for Health Statistics
The Relationship of Basic and Applied Cognitive Psychology
It has long been held in science that basic research has the province of identifying the fundamental principles of science and that applied research has the function of divining applications of these principles. Francis Bacon (1561–1626) is credited for first enunciating this relationship (Bacon, 1905). In his Novum Organum, Bacon distinguished between the “intellectual and practical” understanding of nature while also assuming that these two kinds of understanding are interdependent (Butterfield, 1957; Hall & Hall, 1964).
The basic–applied ...