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Intersections in Basic and Applied Memory Research by Frederick G. Conrad, David G. Payne

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2

A Clash of Cultures: Basic and Applied Cognitive Research

Douglas Herrmann

National Center for Health Statistics

Douglas Raybeck

Hamilton College

The Relationship of Basic and Applied Cognitive Psychology

It has long been held in science that basic research has the province of identifying the fundamental principles of science and that applied research has the function of divining applications of these principles. Francis Bacon (1561–1626) is credited for first enunciating this relationship (Bacon, 1905). In his Novum Organum, Bacon distinguished between the “intellectual and practical” understanding of nature while also assuming that these two kinds of understanding are interdependent (Butterfield, 1957; Hall & Hall, 1964).

The basic–applied ...

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