OVERVIEW OF NORMAL EXPERIENCE OF GRIEF
A vital task of funeral service personnel is to become familiar with those thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that may be expressed by the bereaved person. What follows is an overview of the normal adult grief process.
A number of observers have defined models of grief that are often referred to as “stages,” e.g., Bowlby (1973), Engel (1971), Kubler-Ross (1969), Lindemann (1944), and Parkes (1972). Erich Lindemann’s 1944 article on the “Symptomatology and Management of Acute Grief” was one of the first writings in this area. His observations were based on interviews with over 100 grieving persons who had experienced the death of family members in Boston’s Coconut Grove restaurant fire. Lindemann ...