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Intelligent Transport Systems

Book Description

The book provides a systematic overview of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). First, it includes an insight into the reference architectures developed within the main EU research projects. Then, it delves into each of the layers of such architectures, from physical to application layer, describing the technological issues which are being currently faced by some of the most important ITS research groups. The book concludes with some end user services and applications deployed by industrial partners.

This book is a well-balanced combination of academic contributions and industrial applications in the field of Intelligent Transportation Systems. The most representative technologies and research results achieved by some of the most relevant research groups working on ITS, collated to show the chances of generating industrial solutions  to be deployed in real transportation environments.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. About the Editors
  4. List of Contributors
  5. Foreword
    1. Introduction
    2. Intelligent Transportation Systems
    3. Technologies and Applications
    4. Conclusions
  6. Acknowledgements
  7. Part 1: Intelligent Transportation Systems
    1. 1 Reference ITS Architectures in Europe
      1. 1.1 Introduction
      2. 1.2 FRAME: The European ITS Framework Architecture
      3. 1.3 Cooperative Systems and Their Impact on the European ITS Architecture Definition
      4. 1.4 Experiences in ITS Architecture Design
      5. References
    2. 2 Architecture Reference of ITS in the USA
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 National ITS Architecture in the USA
      3. 2.3 Origins of ITS Architecture in the USA
      4. 2.4 US National ITS Architecture Definition
      5. 2.5 Impact on ITS Development in USA
      6. 2.6 Evolution of the National ITS Architecture
      7. References
  8. Part 2: Wireless Vehicular Communications
    1. 3 Wireless Communications in Vehicular Environments
      1. 3.1 Background and History of Vehicular Networking
      2. 3.2 Vehicular Networking Approaches
      3. 3.3 Vehicular Ad-hoc Networking
      4. References
    2. 4 The Case for Wireless Vehicular Communications Supported by Roadside Infrastructure
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 MAC Solutions for Safety Applications in Vehicular Communications
      3. 4.3 Vehicular Flexible Time-triggered Protocol
      4. 4.4 V-FTT Protocol Details
      5. 4.5 Conclusions
      6. References
    3. 5 Cyber Security Risk Analysis for Intelligent Transport Systems and In-vehicle Networks
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Automotive Cyber Security Vulnerabilities
      3. 5.3 Standards and Guidelines
      4. 5.4 Threat Identification
      5. 5.5 Unified Analysis of Security and Safety Risks
      6. 5.6 Cyber Security Risk Management
      7. 5.7 Conclusions
      8. Acknowledgements
      9. References
    4. 6 Vehicle Interaction with Electromagnetic Fields and Implications for Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) Development
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 In-vehicle EM Field Investigation and Channel Characterization
      3. 6.3 Field Simulation Tools and Techniques
      4. 6.4 In-vehicle EM Field Measurement
      5. 6.5 Simulation of Field Distribution and Antenna Placement Optimization
      6. 6.6 Occupant Field Exposure and Possible Field Mitigation Methods
      7. 6.7 Conclusions
      8. Acknowledgements
      9. References
    5. 7 Novel In-car Integrated and Roof-mounted Antennas
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Antennas for Broadcast Radio
      3. 7.3 Antennas for Telematics
      4. 7.4 Antennas for Intelligent Transportation Systems
      5. 7.5 Intelligent and Smart Antennas
      6. 7.6 Conclusions
      7. References
  9. Part 3: Sensors Networks and Surveillance at ITS
    1. 8 Middleware Solution to Support ITS Services in IoT-based Visual Sensor Networks
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Visual Sensor Networks and IoT Protocols
      3. 8.3 Proposed Middleware Architecture for IoT-based VSNs
      4. 8.4 Middleware Instantiation for the Parking Lot Monitoring Use Case
      5. 8.5 Conclusions
      6. References
    2. 9 Smart Cameras for ITS in Urban Environment
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Applications to Urban Scenarios
      3. 9.3 Embedded Vision Nodes
      4. 9.4 Implementation of Computer Vision Logics on Embedded Systems for ITS
      5. 9.5 Sensor Node Prototype
      6. 9.6 Application Scenarios and Experimental Results
      7. 9.7 Conclusions
      8. References
  10. Part 4: Data Processing Techniques at ITS
    1. 10 Congestion Prediction by Means of Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Hierarchical Fuzzy Rule-based System (HFRBS)
      3. 10.3 Genetic Hierarchical Fuzzy Rule-based System (GHFRBS)
      4. 10.4 Dataset Configuration and Simplification
      5. 10.5 Experimentation
      6. 10.6 Conclusions
      7. Acknowledgment
      8. References
    2. 11 Vehicle Control in ADAS Applications: State of the Art
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 Vehicle Control in ADAS Application
      3. 11.3 Control Levels
      4. 11.4 Some Previous Works
      5. 11.5 Key Factor for Vehicle Control in the Market
      6. 11.6 ADAS Application From a Control Perspective
      7. 11.7 Conclusions
      8. References
    3. 12 Review of Legal Aspects Relating to Advanced Driver Assistance Systems
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Vehicle Type Approval
      3. 12.3 Trends in Vehicle Automation
      4. 12.4 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic
      5. 12.5 Liability Issues
      6. 12.6 Best Practice for Complex Systems Development
      7. 12.7 Conclusions
      8. Acknowledgements
      9. References
  11. Part 5: Applications and Services for Users and Traffic Managers
    1. 13 Traffic Management Systems
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Traffic Management Framework
      3. 13.3 Key Stakeholders
      4. 13.4 Traffic Management Centres
      5. 13.5 Conclusions
      6. References
    2. 14 The Use of Cooperative ITS in Urban Traffic Management
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 Cooperative Ramp Metering
      3. 14.3 Incident Management in Urban Areas
      4. 14.4 Public Transport Cooperative Priorities
      5. 14.5 Conclusions
      6. Acknowledgment
      7. References
    3. 15 Methodology for an Intelligent in-Car Traffic Information Management System
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Validation Framework
      3. 15.3 HMI Design Methodology
      4. 15.4 Case Study
      5. 15.5 Conclusions
      6. References
    4. 16 New Approaches in User Services Development for Multimodal Trip Planning
      1. 16.1 Introduction
      2. 16.2 Travel Planning Information Systems
      3. 16.3 Integrating Linked Open Data for Multimodal Transportation
      4. 16.4 Conclusions
      5. References
  12. Index
  13. End User License Agreement