The concept of planning is one that is familiar to all of us, as we constantly make and adjust plans that affect our lives. We may make long-range plans, such as selecting a particular career path, or short-range plans, such as what to eat for lunch. A reasonable definition of planning is the process of producing a plan, where:
A plan is a description of a set of actions or operations, in a prescribed order, that are intended to reach a desired goal.
Planning, therefore, concerns the analysis of actions that are to be performed in the future. It is a similar problem to designing (Chapter 12), except that it includes the notion of time. Design is concerned with the detailed description of an ...