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Intellectual Capital and Technological Innovation: Knowledge-Based Theory and Practice

Book Description

Intellectual Capital and Technological Innovation: Knowledge-Based Theory and Practice provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings to improve understanding of the current innovation processes from the knowledge based perspective, giving special attention to both the intellectual capital assets that intervene in it, and the social capital that surrounds and enhances or hinders this phenomenon. This book has particular relevance for mangers, academics and consultants benefiting from a thorough understanding of intellectual capital and social capital as a base for improving their tasks.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Editorial Advisory Board
  3. Preface
    1. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION: KNOWLEDGE-BASED THEORY AND PRACTICE. AN INTRODUCTION
    2. MAIN OBJECTIVE OF THE BOOK
    3. STRUCTURE AND CONTENTS
    4. REFERENCES
    5. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  4. Acknowledgment
  5. 1. Intellectual Capital
    1. 1. Intellectual Capital Components, Measurement and Management: A Literature Survey of Concepts and Measures
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL DEFINITIONS
      5. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL COMPONENTS
      6. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL METRICS
      7. IC MEASUREMENT
      8. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL STATEMENT AND REPORTING
        1. Intellectual Capital Statement
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMs AND DEFINITIoNs
    2. 2. Globalization of Instruction: Developing Intellectual Capital
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
        1. Defined
        2. Human Capital Issues
        3. Social Capital Issues
        4. Organizational Capital Issues
        5. Globalization
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Impact of Globalization
        2. Educational Limitations and Benefits
        3. Educational Progress
        4. Benefits of Teaching Tolerance
        5. Benefits of Teaching Innovation
        6. Benefits of Teaching with Technology
        7. Technology Obstacles
        8. Policy Improvements
      4. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
      5. DISCUSSION
        1. Quantitative Assessment
        2. Qualitative Assessment
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. 3. Measuring Science & Technology in Panama: Towards a National Intellectual Capital Framework
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Theories of Intellectual Capital
        2. Conceptual Models for National Intellectual Capital
      4. MEASURING NATIONAL INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL IN PANAMA
        1. A Sketch of Panama
        2. National Human Capital
        3. National Market Capital
        4. National Innovation Capital
        5. National Process Capital
      5. DISCUSSIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
    4. A. APPENDIX
    5. 4. A Study on the Relations Between Organizational Identity and Intellectual Capital: Empirical Evidence in New Technology Based Firms at Madrid Science Park
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Intellectual Capital: Organizational Capital in the Intellectus Model
        2. Organizational Identity: Paradigms and Research Approaches
      4. RELATIONS BETWEEN ORGANIZATIONAL CAPITAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL IDENTITY
        1. Research problem
        2. Research Approach and Methods
      5. INTERVIEWS
      6. OBSERVATIONS AND SECONDARY SOURCES
        1. Data Analysis procedure
        2. Findings
      7. LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADITIONAL READING
      11. ENDNOTES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  6. 2. Technological Innovation
    1. 5. Problem Finding and Solving: A Knowledge-Based View of Managing Innovation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Key Questions and Scope of the Chapter
      4. ISSUES CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
        1. Strategic Management
          1. Knowledge and Value Capture in Strategic Management Approaches
          2. Issues with the Strategic Management Approach
        2. Micro-Organizational Behavior
          1. Managerial Issues in Micro-OB
          2. Micro-OB: Scholarly Work
        3. Common Gaps in the Literatures
      5. A DIFFERENT APPROACH: FOCUSING ON PROBLEMS
        1. A Promising Emergent Direction in Managing Innovation
          1. Unpacking Value Creation
          2. The Problem as Unit of Analysis
        2. Processes for Finding and Solving Problems
        3. Impediments to Creativity and Innovation in Problem Finding
          1. Analytical Processes for Overcoming Biases
          2. The Problem of Finding Good Problems
          3. Matching Synthetic Process to Biases
        4. Problem Finding: Issues
        5. Imperfect Problem Finding
      6. SOME TESTABLE HYPOTHESES
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUDING REMARKS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. 6. Innovation Dynamics of Materials Technology: An Empirical Analysis and Recommendations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
        1. Background
      3. HYPOTHESES AND METHODOLOGY
        1. Hypotheses about the Use of Technological Capital
        2. Selection of a Proxy Firm and Technology
        3. Classification of Technology Spillover
        4. Investigation of Patent Application Data
      4. CHANGES IN TECHNOLOGY SPILLOVER MANAGEMENT
        1. Technology Spillover Management from 1980 to 1990
        2. Technology Spillover Management from 1991 to 2000
        3. Technology Spillover Management from 2001 to 2006
        4. Changes in Technological Capital, Technology Spillover and Society
        5. Recurrent Inducement of Closed and Open Technology Spillovers
        6. New Findings
        7. Recommendations for Technological Innovators
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. ENDNOTES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. 7. Absorptive Capacity, R&D Intensity and Innovation Results
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES CONCEPT
      4. DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES DEVELOPMENT
        1. Dynamic Environments
        2. Absorptive Capacity and Innovative Capacity
          1. Absorptive Capacity
          2. Innovative Capacity
      5. EMPIRICAL STUDY
        1. Data and Sample
        2. Variables
        3. Methodology
      6. RESULTS
      7. CONCLUSION, LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  7. 3. Intellectual Capital and Technological Innovation
    1. 8. An Intellectual Capital-Based View of Technological Innovation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
      4. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL AND TECNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
      5. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL AS SOURCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
        1. Human capital as source of Technological Innovation
        2. Human capital as source of product and process Innovation
        3. Human Capital as Source of Radical and Incremental Innovation
        4. Organizational Capital as Source of Technological Innovation
        5. Organizational Capital as Source of Product and Process Innovation
        6. Organizational Capital as Source of Radical and Incremental Innovation
        7. Technological Capital as Cource of Technological Innovation
        8. Technological Capital as Cource of Product and Process Innovation
        9. Technological Capital as Source of Radical and Incremental Innovation
        10. Relational Capital as Cource of Technological Innovation
        11. Relational Capital as Source of Product and Process Innovation
        12. Relational Capital as Source of Radical and Incremental Innovation
        13. Social Capital as Source of Technological Innovation
        14. Social Capital as Source of Product and Process Innovation
        15. Social Capital as Source of Radical and Incremental Innovation
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. 9. Structural Capital and Innovation Capabilities: Theory and Empirical Evidence from Spain
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. The Intellectual and Structural Capitals of the Firm
        2. Products and Service Innovation
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
        1. Hypotheses
        2. Research Design
          1. Measuring Variables
          2. Population, Sample and Information Sources
      5. RESULTS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READINGS
        1. Questionnaire Items
    3. 10. Prioritizing Corporate R&D Capabilities: The Intellectual Capital Perspective
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Definition of Intellectual Capital
        2. Corporate R&D-Related Intellectual Capital
          1. R&D Human Capital
          2. R&D Organizational Capital
          3. R&D Innovational Capital
          4. R&D Process Capital
          5. R&D Relational Capital
      4. RESEARCH FRAMEWORK AND PRIORITIZING INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL
      5. METHODS
        1. Exploratory Factor Analysis
      6. ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS
      7. AHP QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN
      8. RESULTS
        1. Weight Analysis
          1. Global Priority Analysis
      9. DISCUSSIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  8. 4. Social Capital, Intellectual Capital, and Technological Innovation
    1. 11. Co-Evolving Relationships and Innovation Dynamics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE GRAND ORGANIZATIONAL MYTH
      5. SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT DYNAMICS
        1. Individual and Group Identity Dynamics
      6. THE TWO SIDES OF ORGANIZATIONS
      7. INNOVATION DYNAMICS
        1. Self-Organization
        2. Human Nature
        3. Tacit Knowledge
        4. Social Capital
      8. THE ORGANIZATIONAL SWEET SPOT
      9. ORGANIZATIONAL CONTEXT AND THE SWEET SPOT
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. 12. Social Capital: Definition, Dimensions and Measurement
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Social Capital Definition
        2. Social Capital Dimensions
        3. Structural Dimension of Social Capital
        4. Relational Dimension of Social Capital
        5. Dyadic Trust
        6. Similarity Between Agents
        7. Prior History of Interactions
        8. Generalized Trust
      4. ESSENTIAL FORMS OF SOCIAL CAPITAL: NETWORKS AND RELATIONS
        1. Network as a Primary Form of Social Capital
        2. Closed Network
        3. Structural Holes
      5. RELATIONS AS A PRIMARY FORM OF SOCIAL CAPITAL
        1. Relations Based on Dyadic Trust
        2. Relations Based on Generalized Trust
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. 13. Social Capital, Knowledge and Technological Innovation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOCIAL CAPITAL
        1. Social Capital: A Revisited Concept
        2. Social Capital in Organization Studies
        3. Dimensions of Social Capital
      4. A NEW FRAMEWORK FOR THE INNOVATION PROCESS
        1. The Knowledge-Based View
        2. Distributed Innovation Network
      5. SOCIAL CAPITAL AND INNOVATION PERFORMANCE
        1. Benefits and Risks of Social Capital to Innovation performance
        2. Social Capital and Novelty of Innovation
        3. Balanced Approach of Social Capital to Innovation
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    4. 14. Do Top-Down Cluster Policies Succeed in Fostering Social Capital and Innovation?: Some Insights from Italian Cases
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
        1. SC - IC - Innovation
        2. Top-Down Clusters
      4. METHODOLOGICAL AND INVESTIGATIONAL FRAMEWORK
      5. THE TOP-DOWN CLUSTER CASE
      6. DISCUSSION
        1. First RQ: Are top-Down Cluster policies Effective in Creating New SC?
          1. G1 - Coordinating Joint Research Projects
          2. G2: Attracting and Training Researchers
          3. G3: Supporting Start-Ups and Business Expansion
        2. Second RQ: can Such Newly Created SC Generate New IC?
        3. Third RQ: Can sSuch Newly Created IC Improve Innovation in Firms?
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
  9. Compilation of References
  10. About the Contributors