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Integrating Geographic Information Systems into Library Services: A Guide for Academic Libraries

Book Description

"With the onslaught of emergent technology in academia, libraries are privy to many innovative techniques to recognize and classify geospatial data—above and beyond the traditional map librarianship. As librarians become more involved in the development and provision of GIS services and resources, they encounter both problems and solutions.

Integrating Geographic Information Systems into Library Services: A Guide for Academic Libraries integrates traditional map librarianship and contemporary issues in digital librarianship within a framework of a global embedded information infrastructure, addressing technical, legal, and institutional factors such as collection development, reference and research services, and cataloging/metadata, as well as issues in accessibility and standards."

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Foreword
    1. References
  3. Preface
  4. I. Geography and Librarianship
    1. Introduction
    2. Geographic Study and Maps
    3. Maps and Map Libraries
    4. Communicating Geospatial Information
    5. Libraries: Facilitating Research in Geographic Information Science
    6. UCGIS Mission
      1. Goals
    7. Library and Information Science
    8. Geospatial Data and the Information Economy
    9. Spatial Databases and Data Infrastructures
    10. Describing Geospatial Information
    11. Describing GIS Data Standards
    12. Access Issues in Using Geospatial Data
    13. Reference Services, GIS, and Academic Libraries
    14. Collection Management Issues in GIS
    15. Strategies for Integrating GIS in Library and Information Science Education
    16. Prognostication: Trends in GIS, Geospatial Data, and Academic Libraries Services
    17. References
  5. II. Information Economy and Geospatial Information
    1. Introduction
    2. Role of Information in Contemporary Economy
    3. Geographies of the Internet
    4. Convergence of Communication Technologies
    5. The Social Structure of the Information Economy
    6. Community Internet Initiatives
    7. The Role of Libraries in the Information Economy
    8. Development of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
    9. Applications of Spatial Data and GIS
    10. Map Libraries in Transition
    11. Conclusion/Summary
    12. References
  6. III. Spatial Databases and Data Infrastructure
    1. Introduction
    2. Characteristics of Spatial Data
    3. Conceptualizing Spatial Databases
    4. Elements of Database Design
    5. Emergence of a Telecommunications Network
    6. Characteristics of Distributed Spatial Databases
    7. Databases, Web Services, and Internet GIS
    8. Organizing a National Data Infrastructure
      1. Meeting Digital Geospatial Data Needs
    9. A Cooperative Information Network
    10. Digital Geolibraries and Digital Collections
    11. Web GIS and Libraries
    12. Conclusion/Summary
    13. References
  7. IV. Describing Geospatial Information
    1. Overview and Introduction
    2. Descriptive Standards in Libraries
    3. MARC
      1. Bibliographic Structure
      2. Holdings Structure
      3. Authority Structure
    4. MARC XML
    5. AACR2r
    6. Resource Description and Access (RDA)
    7. Classification Schedules
    8. Subject Access
    9. Finding Geographic Information in Libraries
      1. What is the Purpose of the Map?
      2. Issues Regarding Scale
    10. Making the Map
    11. Bibliographic Issues for Maps
    12. Bibliographic Description and Access Points: Title, Author, and Mathematical Data
      1. Author as Main Entry
      2. Title
      3. Mathematical Data Area
      4. Bibliographic Notes
        1. Dates
      5. Primary Access Points: Geographic Area, Subject Analysis, and Classification
      6. Subject Headings: Geographic Area and Geographic Place Names
      7. Subject Headings: Analytical/Topical
      8. Classification
      9. Set or Separate Decision
    13. Conclusion/Summary
    14. References
  8. V. From Print Formats to Digital: Describing GIS Data Standards
    1. Introduction
    2. What is Spatial Information?
    3. Creating a National Spatial Digital Infrastructure
    4. Standards Developers
      1. American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
    5. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
      1. Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc
      2. Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
      3. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
      4. CEN
    6. Languages and Protocols
      1. Unified Modeling Language (UML)
      2. eXtensible Markup Language (XML)
      3. Geography Markup Language (GML)
      4. Structured Query Language (SQL)
      5. Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)
    7. Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
    8. Conclusion/Summary
      1. National and International Considerations
      2. FGDC Metadata and MARC
    9. References
    10. Endnotes
  10. VI. Accessibility: Critical GIS, Ontologies, and Semantics
    1. Introduction
    2. Interoperability and Accessibility
    3. The Emergence of Critical GIS
    4. Ontologies and Semantics
      1. From the Physical Universe to Ontologies
    5. Quality Assurance
      1. Variability
      2. Taxonomies
    6. Building Interoperable, Semantic Systems
    7. Digital Libraries: Solutions and Possibilities
    8. Individual and Organizational End Users: Issues in Accessibility
    9. The Library's Role
    10. Conclusion/Summary
    11. References
  11. VII. Reference Services
    1. Introduction
    2. Spatial Thinking
    3. Interpreting the Milieu of Spatial Data
    4. Reinterpreting Traditional Patron Interactions
      1. Evaluating and Assessing Services
    5. Reconfiguring Instruction, Training, and Instructional Support
      1. Creating Patterns: Information-Seeking Models
    6. Achieving Information Competencies
    7. Conclusion/Summary
    8. References
    9. Endnote
  12. VIII. Collection Management Issues with Geospatial Information
    1. Introduction
    2. Creating a Collection Development Policy
      1. Steps in Creating a Collection Development Policy: The Library Environment
      2. User Needs
    3. Building Geospatial Information Collections
      1. Collecting Geospatial Information: Print Media
        1. Preservation and Archival Issues
      2. Moving Beyond Print Map Collections: Digital Geospatial Information
      3. Webware, Hardware, and Software Evaluation
    4. Collecting Governmental GIS Data
      1. Federal Data
      2. State Level Data: The State of Florida
      3. Collecting Data at the County Level: Hillsborough County, Florida
    5. Managing Geospatial Data Records
    6. Legal Considerations in Collecting Geospatial Information
      1. Public Domain vs. Public Sector Data
      2. Copyright
      3. Infringement, Accountability, and Liability Issues
      4. Managing Legal Risks
      5. A Case Study of an Integrated Geospatial Data Collection: The Florida Geographic Data Library
      6. Access and Organization
    7. Conclusion/Summary
    8. References
  13. IX. Geographic Information and Library Education
    1. Introduction
    2. Preparing Librarians for a Paradigm Shift
    3. Basic Skills for Librarians
    4. Important Components in SLIS/GIS Curricula
      1. Critical Thinking
      2. The Importance of Pedagogical Models
      3. Spatial Concepts
      4. The ARL Geographic Information Systems Literacy Project
    5. Promoting Geographic Literacy: Skills Needed by Librarians, Educators, and Students
    6. Developing a GIS-Integrated Curriculum for Library and Information Science
      1. Current SLIS Curricula
    7. Linking Preservice to In-Service Training
      1. Continuing Education
      2. Mentoring
      3. Communities of Practice
    8. Distance Learning in GIS
    9. Conclusion/Summary
    10. References
    11. Endnotes
  14. X. What the Future Holds: Trends in GIS and Academic Libraries
    1. Introduction
    2. Getting From Then to Now
    3. GIScience Research
      1. Social Constructs, Media, and Communication
    4. Social Informatics and GIS
    5. Spatially Integrated Social Sciences
    6. Information Ecology
    7. Spatial Visualization
    8. Geocomputation
    9. The Role(s) of Libraries
    10. Conclusion/Summary
    11. References
  15. About the Contributors