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Innovative Automatic Identification and Location-Based Services: From Bar Codes to Chip Implants

Book Description

Innovative Automatic Identification & Location-Based Services: From Bar Codes to Chip Implants emphasizes the convergence and trajectory of automatic identification and location-based services toward chip implants and real-time positioning capabilities. This book also discusses the social, cultural, and ethical implications of the technological possibilities with respect to national security initiatives.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Dedication
  3. Foreword
  4. Preface
  5. Acknowledgment
  6. Background and Context
    1. Introduction
      1. AUTO-ID TECHNOLOGIES
      2. LOCATION-BASED SERVICE
      3. LANDMARK STUDIES ON AUTO-ID AND INNOVATION
      4. THE SYSTEMS OF INOVATION CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. A NOTE ON FORECASTING
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    2. Innovation Studies
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. FUNDAMENTAL DEFINITIONS IN THE INNOVATION PROCESS
      3. SETTING THE STAGE- KARL MARX ON TECHNOLOGY
      4. NEOCLASICAL ECONOMIC THEORY (1870 - 1960)
      5. EVOLUTIONARY ECONOMIC THEORY (1980 - 1990)
      6. THE EMERGENCE OF THE SYSTEMS OF INNOVATION APPROACH (1990-)
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    3. Historical Background: From Manual Identification to Auto-ID
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. MANUAL IDENTIFICATION
      3. ADVANCES IN RECORD KEPING
      4. CASE STUDY: THE U.S. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION (SSA)
      5. THE RISE OF AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUES
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    4. Interview 3.1 The Holocaust Survivor
    5. Globalization and the Changing Face of IDentification
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. THE IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION
      3. THE RISE OF "NEW" TERRORISM
      4. INTELLIGENCE FAILURE
      5. INTELLIGENCE REFORMS
      6. THE NATIONAL SECURITY AGENDA
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
  7. Auto-ID and LBS Innovation
    1. Barcode: The Pioneer Auto-ID Technology
      1. BARCODE TECHNOLOGY
      2. THE BARCODE INOVATION SYSTEM
      3. BARCODE APPLICATIONS
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
    2. Magnetic-Stripe Cards: The Consolidating Force
      1. MAGNETIC-STRIPE CARD TECHNOLOGY
      2. THE MAGNETIC-STRIPE CARD INOVATION SYSTEM
      3. MAGNETIC-STRIPE CARD APPLICATIONS
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ENDNOTES
    3. Smart Cards: The Next Generation
      1. SMART CARD TECHNOLOGY
      2. THE SMART CARD INNOVATION SYSTEM
      3. SMART CARDS APPLICATIONS
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
    4. Biometrics: In Search of a Foolproof Solution
      1. BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY
      2. THE BIOMETRIC INNOVATION SYSTEM
      3. BIOMETRIC APPLICATIONS
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
    5. RFID Tags and Transponders: The New Kid on the Block
      1. RADIO-FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
      2. THE RFID INNOVATION SYSTEM
      3. RFID APPLICATIONS
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
    6. The Auto-ID Technology System
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. WHO ARE THE AUTO-ID STAKEHOLDERS?
      3. THE AUTO-ID INNOVATION PROCESS
      4. AUTO-ID TRENDS AND PATTERNS
      5. AUTO-ID TECHNOLOGIES SHARE IN THE SAME TRAJECTORY
      6. EVOLUTION OR REVOLUTION?
      7. MAJOR FINDINGS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    7. Geographic Information Systems & Location-Based Services
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
      3. LOCATION-BASED SERVICES
      4. GEOCODING FOR BUSINESS APPLICATIONS
      5. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE SOURCES
      6. THEMATIC MAPPING IN THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
    8. Interview 11.1 The Georgrapher
  8. The Social Implications of Auto-ID and LBS Technology
    1. The Auto-ID Trajectory
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. THE RISE OF WEARABLE COMPUTING
      3. 1G WEARABLES: MOBILE DEVICES, PDAS AND PAGERS
      4. 2G WEARABLES: E-WALLETS AND WRISTWATCHES
      5. 3G WEARABLES: SMART CLOTHES AND ACCESSORIES
      6. FROM WEARABLE DEVICES TO IMPLANTABLE DEVICES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    2. Interview 12.1 The Biomedical Pioneer
    3. The Socio-Ethical Implications of Automatic Identification and Location Services
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. TOWARDS UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING
      4. SOCIAL ISSUES
      5. CULTURAL ISSUES
      6. RELIGIOUS ISSUES
      7. ETHICAL ISSUES
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    4. Interview 13.1 The Economist
    5. The Rise of the Electrophorus
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. FROM PROSTHETICS TO AMPLIFICATION
      3. THE SOUL CATCHER CHIP
      4. THE RISE OF THE ELECTROPHORUS
      5. THE ETHICAL CONCERNS
      6. WHERE TO NEXT?
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    6. Interview 14.1 The Professor who has Touched the Future
    7. Interview 14.2 The Do-It-Yourselfer RFID Implantee
    8. Interview 14.3 The Alzheimer's Carer
    9. Uberveillance
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. BIG BROTHER ON THE INSIDE LOOKING OUT
      3. THE ETHICAL DEBATE
      4. HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE BALANCE BETWEEN FREEDOM, SECURITY AND JUSTICE
      5. COMMERCIAL MICROCHIP IMPLANTS
      6. THE FUTURE AS WIRELESS, NANOTECH, AND IMPLANTABLE
      7. CRADLE-TO-GRAVE UNIQUE LIFETIME IDENTIFICATION INFRASTRUCTURE
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    10. Conclusion
      1. THE AUTO-ID TRAJECTORY
      2. WITH AN EYE TO THE FUTURE
      3. NEARING THE POINT OF NO RETURN
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
  9. Acronyms and Abbreviations
  10. About the Contributors
  11. Index