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Innovative Applications and Developments of Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors

Book Description

Study of nature and the world around us has been a primary motivation for scientists and researchers for centuries. Advanced methods in the study of elementary particles have led to even greater discoveries in recent years. Innovative Applications and Developments of Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors focuses on the analysis and use of various gas detection systems, providing a detailed description of some of the most commonly used gas detectors and the science behind them. From early detectors to modern tools and techniques, this book will be of particular use to practitioners and researchers in chemical engineering and materials science, in addition to students and academicians concentrating in the field.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
    1. THE HISTORY OF GASEOUS DETECTORS
    2. THE CHALLENGES
    3. SEARCHING FOR SOLUTIONS
    4. FILLING THE GAP BETWEEN THE FAST DEVELOPMENT AND COMMON KNOWLEDGE
    5. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    6. THE IMPORTANCE OF GASEOUS DETECTORS
    7. REFERENCES
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Introduction
    1. REFERENCES
  9. Chapter 1: The Physics of Operation of Gaseous Detectors and their Main Designs
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION: ELECTRON MULTIPLIERS
    3. 2. CREATION OF PRIMARY ELECTRONS INSIDE GASEOUS DETECTORS BY CHARGED PARTICLES
    4. 3. CREATION OF PRIMARY ELECTRONS IN GASEOUS DETECTORS BY ENERGETIC PHOTONS
    5. 4. DIFFUSION
    6. 5. AVALANCHE MULTIPLICATION
    7. 6. TRADITIONAL GASEOUS DETECTORS
    8. 7. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    9. 8. DISCHARGES IN GASEOUS DETECTORS
    10. REFERENCES
    11. ADDITIONAL READING
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Chapter 2: Microstrip Gas Counters
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. MICROSTRIP GAS COUNTERS MANUFACTURING
    4. 3. DISCHARGES IN MSGCS
    5. 4. CHARGE UP EFFECTS, RATE CHARACTERISTICS AND AGING
    6. 5. OTHER DESIGNS OF STRIP-TYPE DETECTORS
    7. 6. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. ENDNOTES
  11. Chapter 3: Pixel and Microdot Detectors
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. MAIN DESIGNS AND OPERATING PRINCIPLE
    3. 2. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    4. 3. WHY IS THE MAXIMUM ACHIEVABLE GAS GAIN SO HIGH IN SOME DESIGNS OF MICRODOT DETECTORS?
    5. REFERENCES
    6. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Chapter 4: MICROMEGAS
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. DETECTOR DESIGN AND MAIN CHARACTERISTICS
    4. 3. COMPARISON BETWEEN MICROMEGAS AND PPAC
    5. 4. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    6. 5. THE ULTIMATE POSITION RESOLUTION OF MICROMEGAS
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. ENDNOTES
  13. Chapter 5: Hole-Type Gaseous Electron Multipliers (GEM)
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. EARLY WORK ON HOLE-TYPE ELECTRON MULTIPLIERS
    3. 2. GAS ELECTRON MULTIPLIER
    4. 3. GEM AS A PREAMPLIFICATION STRUCTURE AND CASCADED GEMS
    5. 4. POSITION AND TIME RESOLUTIONS OF A MULTI-GEM
    6. 5. TRIPLE GEM STABILITY AND AGING
    7. 6. OTHER GEM-LIKE DETECTORS
    8. 7. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  14. Chapter 6: Some Interesting Work on Capillary Glass Detectors
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. THE USE OF CAPILLARY PLATES OPERATING IN A GAS FLOW
    4. 3. FIRST TESTS OF CAPILLARY PLATES AS DETECTORS OF VISIBLE LIGHT
    5. 4. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  15. Chapter 7: Other Early Designs of Micropattern Detectors Developed Between 1998 and 2003
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. SOME ORIGINAL DESIGNS: THE MICROWIRE AND MICROSLIT DETECTORS
    4. 3. OTHER MICROWIRE DETECTOR DESIGNS
    5. 4. NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN PARALLEL-PLATE TYPE AND HOLE-TYPE MICROPATTERN DETECTORS
    6. 5. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    7. 6. CAN WIRE CHAMBERS COMPETE WITH A PRINTED CIRCUIT DETECTOR TECHNOLOGY?
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  16. Chapter 8: Operation of Micropattern Gaseous Detectors
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. OTHER PHENOMENA CONTRIBUTING TO THE RAETHER LIMIT
    4. 3. FEEDBACK INDUCED BREAKDOWNS
    5. 4. CASCADED DETECTORS
    6. 5. DISCHARGE PROPAGATION TO THE READOUT PLATE FOR A SINGLE GEM IRRADIATED SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH X-RAY AND ALPHA PARTICLES
    7. 6. INTERPRETATION OF THE RESULTS
    8. 7. PRACTICAL CONCLUSIONS FROM DISCHARGE PROPAGATION STUDIES
    9. 8. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    10. 9. CALCULATIONS AND MEASUREMENTS OF THE DISCHARGE PROBABILITIES IN MICROMEGAS AND GEM IN HADRON BEAMS
    11. REFERENCES
    12. ADDITIONAL READING
    13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  17. Chapter 9: Recent Developments of Micropattern Detectors
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN GEM
    4. 3. LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN MICROMEGAS
    5. 4. SPARK-SAFE MICROPATTERN DETECTORS WITH RESISTIVE ELECTRODES
    6. 5. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  18. Chapter 10: The Capability of Key Micropattern Detectors to Suppress Ion Back Flow
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. GEM AS A MULTIPLICATION AND THE IBF SUPPRESSION STRUCTURE
    4. 3. ION BACK FLOW IN MICROMEGAS BASED TPCS
    5. 4. COMPARISON BETWEEN GEM AND MICROMEGAS FOR TPC READOUT
    6. 5. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  19. Chapter 11: Comparison between Various Designs of Micropattern Detectors
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. GAIN CHARACTERISTICS
    4. 3. POSITION RESOLUTION
    5. 4. ENERGY RESOLUTION
    6. 5. TIME RESOLUTION
    7. 6. STABILITY AND AGING OF MICROPATTERN GASEOUS DETECTORS
    8. 7. MAIN DESIGNS OF MICROPATTERN DETECTORS USED TODAY AND PERSPECTIVES OF THEIR COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION
    9. 8. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  20. Chapter 12: Applications
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. TRADITIONAL APPLICATIONS IN HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS AND ASTROPHYSICS EXPERIMENTS
    4. 3. DEVELOPMENTS WHICH MAY LEAD TO NEW APPLICATIONS
    5. 4. CONCLUSIVE REMARKS
    6. 5. THE RD-51 COLLABORATION: INTERNATIONAL NETWORK FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MICROPATTERN DETECTORS AND PROMOTION OF THEIR APPLICATIONS
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  21. Conclusion
  22. Glossary
  23. Related References
  24. Compilation of References
  25. About the Authors