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Innovations in Organizational IT Specification and Standards Development

Book Description

The acceleration of the Internet and the growing importance of ICT in the globalized markets have played a vital role in the progressively difficult standardization of ICT companies. With the related economic importance of standards, companies and organizations are bringing their own ideas and technologies into the Internet standard settings. Innovations in Organizational IT Specification and Standards Development provides advancing research on all current aspects of IT standards and standardization. This book aims to be useful in gaining knowledge for IT researchers, scholars, and practitioners alike.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Associate Editors and List of Reviewers
    1. ASSOCIATE EDITORS
    2. INTERNATIONAL EDITORIAL REVIEW BOARD
  5. Preface
    1. SECTION 1: IPR ISSUES
    2. SECTION 2: COMPETING STANDARDS
    3. SECTION 3: STANDARDS EDUCATION
    4. SECTION 4: CONSUMERS IN STANDARDISATION
    5. SECTION 5: SHAPING FACTORS
    6. SECTION 6: STANDARDS FOR LEARNING TECHNOLOGY2
  6. Section 1: IPR Issues
    1. Chapter 1: Innovative or Indefensible? An Empirical Assessment of Patenting within Standard Setting
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SEPARATING INNOVATIVE FROM STRATEGIC PATENTING
      4. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 2: Assessing the Link between Standards and Patents
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. STANDARD SETTING, LICENSING, AND PATENT IMPORTANCE
      4. 3. EXISTING EVIDENCE ON SSO EFFECTS
      5. 4. EXTENDING THE EMPIRICAL LITERATURE
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: Interpreting and Enforcing the Voluntary FRAND Commitment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. 1. THE CONTRACTUAL BASIS OF FRAND OBLIGATIONS
      4. 2. THE CONTRACTUAL MEANING OF “FAIR AND REASONABLE”
      5. 3. ENFORCING FRAND CONTRACTUAL COMMITMENTS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. APPENDIX
  7. Section 2: Competing Standards
    1. Chapter 4: The Standards War between ODF and OOXML
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 5: The Battle Within
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. THEORETICAL CONCEPTS
      5. INTERNAL FRAGMENTATION IN T-DMB AND DVB-H
      6. DVB-H
      7. T-DMB
      8. A COMPARISON
      9. DISCUSSION
      10. CONCLUSION
  8. Section 3: Standards Education
    1. Chapter 6: Implementing Standardization Education at the National Level
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NATIONAL POLICY
      4. INVESTING IN ONGOING SUPPORT
      5. BRIDGING FIVE WORLDS: INDUSTRY, STANDARDIZATION BODIES, ACADEMIA, OTHER INSTITUTIONS FOR EDUCATION, AND GOVERNMENT
      6. THE PROCESS TOWARDS MORE STANDARDIZATION EDUCATION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH
    2. Chapter 7: The Role of Standards in Engineering Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CHALLENGES TO STANDARDS EDUCATION
      4. STANDARDS EDUCATION AND THE ACCREDITATION REQUIREMENTS TOWARDS ENGINEERING PROGRAMS
      5. INCORPORATING STANDARDS EDUCATION IN ENGINEERING PROGRAMS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
  9. Section 4: Consumers in Standardization
    1. Chapter 8: Where Are You? Consumers’ Associations in Standardization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONSUMER PARTICIPATION IN THE LITERATURE
      4. CONSUMER’S ASSOCIATIONS’ USE OF STANDARDS
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. RESULTS
      7. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 9: The INTERNORM Project
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INTERNORM: RATIONALE, MODUS OPERANDI AND PARTNERS INVOLVEMENT
      4. DISCUSSION
  10. Section 5: Shaping Factors
    1. Chapter 10: Beyond the “Point of No Return”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: RISKY DECISION MAKING IN LARGE INNOVATION PROJECTS
      3. CONCLUSION: CONSTRUCTING THE IRREVERSIBILITY OF C2000
      4. INTERVIEWEES
    2. Chapter 11: The Significance of Government’s Role in Technology Standardization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CURRENT CHALLENGES
    3. Chapter 12: An Exploratory Analysis of the Relationship between Organizational and Institutional Factors Shaping the Assimilation of Vertical Standards
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. APPENDIX A
  11. Section 6: Standards for Learning Technology
    1. Chapter 13: Analysis and Validation of Learning Technology Models, Standards and Specifications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. ANALYSIS OF REFERENCE MODELS AND STANDARDS
      4. 3. REFERENCE MODEL ANALYSIS GRID
      5. 4. CASE STUDY “DEVELOPMENT OF THE ICOPER REFERENCE MODEL FOR TECHNOLOGY ENHANCED LEARNING”
      6. 5. RESULTS
      7. 6. DISCUSSION
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 14: Key Challenges in the Design of Learning Technology Standards
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE CHALLENGES OF LEARNING TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS
      4. DEALING WITH COMPLEXITY AND ADAPTIVITY
      5. PERILS AND PITFALLS
      6. CONCERNING FACETS OF INTEROPERABILITY
      7. CONCLUSIONS FOR LEARNING TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS
    3. Chapter 15: Community-Driven Specifications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DISCUSSION
      4. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 16: Concepts and Standardization in Areas Relating to Competence
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COMPETENCE: CONCEPTS AND TERMINOLOGY
      4. MOTIVATION FOR STANDARDIZATION IN THE AREA OF COMPETENCE
      5. HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF STANDARDIZATION IN THE AREA
      6. PROJECTS IN THE AREA, AND THEIR OUTCOMES OR OBJECTIVES
      7. CONCEPTUAL MODELS OF COMPETENCE FOR INFORMATION MODELS
      8. THE WAY FORWARD FOR STANDARDIZATION IN THE AREA OF COMPETENCE
      9. CONCLUSIONS
    5. Chapter 17: Application Profiles and Tailor-Made Conformance Test Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. APPLICATION PROFILES – THEORY AND PRACTICE
      4. THE COMMON CARTRIDGE CASE
      5. CAPTURING APPLICATION PROFILES WITH SCHEMAPROF
      6. GENERATING CONFORMANCE TEST SYSTEMS
      7. USER EXPERIENCE
    6. Chapter 18: A Data Model for Describing and Exchanging Personal Achieved Learning Outcomes (PALO)
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. BACKGROUND
      5. SCENARIO OF LEARNER ACHIEVEMENTS IN OUTCOME-BASED LEARNING
      6. DATA MODELS FOR PERSONAL ACHIEVED LEARNING OUTCOMES (PALO)
      7. PROTOTYPE APPLICATIONS USING PALO
      8. CONCLUSION
  12. Compilation of References
  13. About the Contributors