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Innovation, Product Development and Commercialization by Dariush Rafinejad

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APPENDIX—SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING PROCESS EQUIPMENT

Throughout this book, examples and case studies from the semiconductor wafer fabrication industry are used to elucidate concepts in product development and commercialization. This appendix briefly describes semiconductor integrated circuit (IC) manufacturing technology and business trends as a reference material for the reader.

Over the past few decades, advances in the semiconductor industry have been rapid as a result of the ubiquitous application of electronic technology in consumer and industrial products worldwide. The application of IC chips is widespread—even in places that are neither visible nor suspected. For example, in 2001, 40% of the cost of building a car was in the electronics ...

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