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Information Technology and the Ethics of Globalization: Transnational Issues and Implications

Book Description

Information Technology and the Ethics of Globalization: Transnational Issues and Implications discusses the widespread influence of technologies across the globe with particular attention placed on moral consideration. This innovative publication provides researchers, academicians, and practitioners with a comprehensive survey of theories and insight into human considerations of this vast globalization.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Foreword
  3. Preface
  4. Acknowledgment
  5. IT–Enabled Globalized Ethical Problems
    1. IT–Enabled Global Ethical Problems
      1. IT DEVELOPMENT AT THE WORLD BANK
      2. YAHOO IN CHINA
      3. OFFSHORING
      4. MOVING HIGHER-WAGE JOBS TO LOWER-WAGE COUNTRIES
      5. LABOR STANDARDS/CHILD LABOR
      6. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
      7. SERVICE LEVELS: AN ETHICAL PROBLEM?
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    2. Current Ethically Globalized Institutions
      1. THE UNITED NATIONS (UN)
      2. WORLD FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS
      3. SUPERPOWERS
      4. MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS (MNCS)
      5. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOS)
      6. WEBSITES WITH INTERNATIONAL PRESENCE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    3. IT's Contribution to Globalization
      1. GLOBALIZATION AND 'FLATTENING'
      2. GLOBALIZATION AND TRANSPORTATION COSTS
      3. ENHANCED INFORMATION IN GLOBALIZATION
      4. CHARACTERIZING GLOBALIZATION
      5. PLACING IT WITHIN GLOBALIZATION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ENDNOTES
  6. Theories of Globalized Ethics
    1. The Basis of Ethical Principles
      1. RELATIVISM
      2. THE RATIONAL BASIS OF ETHICS
      3. THE RATIONALITY OF COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLES
      4. ETHICAL DEVELOPMENT
      5. REFLECTIVE EQUILIBRIUM
      6. ETHICAL PRINCIPLES FOR INDIVIDUALS
      7. OTHER INDIVIDUAL ETHICAL ISSUES
      8. DUTIES, OBLIGATIONS, RIGHTS
      9. VALUE AND GOODNESS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
    2. Domestic Theories of Justice
      1. OTHER THEORIES OF JUSTICE
      2. THE SOCIAL CONTRACT
      3. THEORIES OF JUSTICE
      4. IT AND THE LEAST ADVANTAGED
      5. UTILITARIANISM RECONSIDERED
      6. BEYOND DOMESTIC JUSTICE
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ENDNOTES
    3. Political Realism and the Society of Societies
      1. POLITICAL REALISM
      2. RELATIVIST REALISM
      3. SOCIETY OF SOCIETIES
      4. TYPES OF SOCIETIES
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ENDNOTES
    4. Cosmopolitanism
      1. COSMOPOLITAN PLURALISM
      2. POGGE'S THEORY OF GLOBAL INSTITUTIONS
      3. SOCIAL CONTRACT COSMOPOLITANISM
      4. UTILITARIAN COSMOPOLITANISM
      5. UTILITARIAN SOLUTIONS TO IT-ENABLED GLOBALIZED ETHICAL PROBLEMS
      6. WHEN ARE SINGER'S CONCLUSIONS UTILITARIAN?
      7. IMPLICATIONS FOR GLOBAL ETHICS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    5. The Ethical Status of Globalized Institutions
      1. THE ETHICAL STATUS OF NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY
      2. WHAT IS A COUNTRY?
      3. TRANSNATIONAL ETHICS AND LOVE
      4. AN ASSESSMENT OF GLOBALIZED ETHICAL THEORIES
      5. ETHICALLY GLOBALIZED INSTITUTIONS
      6. SUPERPOWERS
      7. MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS
      8. THE UNITED NATIONS AND RELATED AGENCIES
      9. WORLD FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS
      10. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOS)
      11. WEBSITES WITH INTERNATIONAL PRESENCE
      12. NEW GLOBAL INSTITUTIONS
      13. REFERENCES
      14. ENDNOTES
    6. IT and Globalized Ethics
      1. IT PROFESSIONAL ETHICS
      2. THE INDIVIDUAL WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION
      3. FROM INDIVIDUAL ETHICS TO GLOBAL ETHICS
      4. GLOBAL INSTITUTIONAL ETHICS
      5. IT'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE GLOBAL SOCIAL CONTRACT
      6. IT ISSUES IN A GLOBAL SOCIAL CONTRACT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ENDNOTES
  7. A Social Contract for Globalized Institutions
    1. Elements of a Global Contract
      1. THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL CONTRACT
      2. THE GLOBAL ECONOMY SOCIAL CONTRACT
      3. CONDITIONS REQUIRING A CONTRACT
      4. RELATION TO OTHER SOCIAL CONTRACTS
      5. PARTIES AGREEING TO THE CONTRACT
      6. KNOWLEDGE CONSTRAINTS IN CHOOSING THE PRINCIPLES
      7. CONDITIONS ON THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THE PARTIES
      8. THE TYPE OF PRINCIPLES AGREED TO
      9. THE GENERAL CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES
      10. THE PRINCIPLES AND THEIR JUSTIFICATION
      11. JUSTIFICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES
      12. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS OF INSTITUTIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PRINCIPLES
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. REFERENCES
      15. ENDNOTES
    2. Globalized Ethics and Current Institutions
      1. JUSTICE AND THE MARKET ECONOMY
      2. STATES, SUPERPOWERS, AND GLOBAL JUSTICE
      3. MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND GLOBAL JUSTICE
      4. CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
      5. THE PLANETARY BARGAIN
      6. PUBLIC/PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS
      7. GLOBALIZATION AND SOCIAL BUSINESSES
      8. WORLD FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS
      9. THE UNITED NATIONS, THE WORLD COURT, AND OTHER TRANSNATIONAL NGOS
      10. OTHER INSTITUTIONS WITH GLOBALIZED DIFFERENCES
      11. PROPERTY AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
      12. TAXES
      13. INTERNET REGULATION
      14. SUMMARY OF WHAT'S MISSING
      15. REFERENCES
      16. ENDNOTES
    3. New Global Institutions
      1. MAINLY POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
      2. GLOBAL ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS
      3. INSTITUTIONS BOTH POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC
      4. GLOBAL DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE
      5. TWO PROPOSALS TO IMPROVE THE LOT OF THE GLOBALLY WORST OFF
      6. A CORPORATE SOLUTION TO GLOBAL POVERTY
      7. ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION AND THE GLOBAL DIFFERENCE PRINCIPLE
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    4. Ethical Implications for IT
      1. TRANSNATIONAL POLICIES AND THE INTERNET
      2. IT AND THE GLOBAL ECONOMY SOCIAL CONTRACT
      3. CONSEQUENCES FOR IT PROFESSIONALS
      4. IT AND ANTICOMPETITION ENFORCEMENT
      5. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
      6. CORPORATE IT ETHICS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
  8. Ultimate Questions
    1. IT–Enabled Globalization and the Environment
      1. PRINCIPLES FOR THE ENVIRONMENT
      2. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND THE ENVIRONMENT
      3. A TRANSNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITY
      4. GLOBALIZATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT
      5. IT AND THE ENVIRONMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ENDNOTES
    2. The Value of IT–Enabled Globalization
      1. THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF IT-ENABLED GLOBALIZATION
      2. THE VALUE OF IT-ENABLED CULTURAL GLOBALIZATION
      3. WHAT IS A CULTURE?
      4. GLOBALIZATION AND PRESERVING CULTURES
      5. TECHNOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
      6. THE NATURE OF TECHNOLOGY
      7. THE POINT OF VIEW OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY
      8. IT AND BEING
      9. CORPORATIONS AND BEING
      10. THE VALUE OF IT-ENABLED GLOBALIZATION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ENDNOTES
    3. Conclusion
      1. REFERENCES
      2. ENDNOTE
  9. About the Author
  10. Index