On the Web, we regularly encounter labels in two formats: textual and iconic. In this chapter, we’ll spend most of our time addressing textual labels, as they remain the most common despite the Web’s highly visual nature, including:
Hyperlinks to chunks of information on other pages or to another location on the same page.
Labels that simply describe the content that follows them, just as print headings do.
Labels representing the options in navigation systems.
Keywords and subject headings that represent content for searching or browsing.
These categories are by no means perfect or mutually exclusive. A single label can do double duty; for example, the contextual link “Naked Bungee Jumping” could lead to a page that uses the heading label “Naked Bungee Jumping” and has been indexed as being about (you guessed it) “Naked Bungee Jumping.” And some of these labels could be iconic rather than textual, although we’d rather not imagine a visual representation of naked bungee jumping.
In the following section, we’ll explore the varieties of labeling in greater detail and provide you with some examples.
Labels describe the hypertext links within the body of a document or chunk of information, and naturally occur within the descriptive context of their surrounding text. Contextual links are easy to create and are the basis for the exciting interconnectedness that drives much of the Web’s ...