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In Search of the Ultimate Building Blocks by Gerard 't Hooft

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5 The elementary particle zoo before 1970

Our journey to the very small has now brought us beyond the atoms, which are bulky and fragile objects compared with what we shall be occupied with next: the atomic nucleus and whatever is inside. The electrons, now seen ‘at a great distance’ circling around the nucleus, are themselves also small and extremely robust. I now invite you to have a look inside the nucleus, through the eyes of the scientists before 1970. I consider the years around 1970 as a crucial period, but I am now also choosing the year 1970 bcause this was the time I became acquainted with elementary particle physics myself, as a young graduate student at the State University of Utrecht in the Netherlands.

All the physics that I mentioned ...

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