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Implementing the IBM Storwize V7000 V7.4

Book Description

Continuing its commitment to developing and delivering industry-leading storage technologies, IBM® introduces the IBM Storwize® V7000 solution, an innovative storage offering that delivers essential storage efficiency technologies and exceptional ease of use and performance, all integrated into a compact, modular design that is offered at a competitive, midrange price.

The IBM Storwize V7000 solution incorporates some of the top IBM technologies typically found only in enterprise-class storage systems, raising the standard for storage efficiency in midrange disk systems. This cutting-edge storage system extends the comprehensive storage portfolio from IBM and can help change the way organizations address the ongoing information explosion.

This IBM Redbooks® publication introduces the features and functions of the IBM Storwize V7000 system through several examples. This book is aimed at pre-sales and post-sales technical support and marketing, storage administrators, and will help you understand the architecture of the Storwize V7000, how to implement it, and take advantage of the industry-leading functions and features.

Table of Contents

  1. Front cover
  2. Notices
    1. Trademarks
  3. IBM Redbooks promotions
  4. Preface
    1. Authors
    2. Now you can become a published author, too!
    3. Comments welcome
    4. Stay connected to IBM Redbooks
  5. Summary of changes
    1. March 2015, Fourth Edition
  6. Chapter 1. IBM Storwize V7000 system overview
    1. 1.1 Storage virtualization
    2. 1.2 IBM Storwize V7000 overview
    3. 1.3 IBM Storwize V7000 terminology
      1. 1.3.1 IBM Storwize V7000 models
      2. 1.3.2 IBM Storwize V7000 functions
      3. 1.3.3 IBM Storwize V7000 licensing
    4. 1.4 IBM Storwize V7000 hardware
    5. 1.5 IBM Storwize V7000 components
      1. 1.5.1 Hosts
      2. 1.5.2 Nodes
      3. 1.5.3 I/O groups
      4. 1.5.4 Clustered system
      5. 1.5.5 RAID
      6. 1.5.6 Managed disks
      7. 1.5.7 Quorum disks
      8. 1.5.8 Storage pools
      9. 1.5.9 Volumes
      10. 1.5.10 Thin-provisioned volumes
      11. 1.5.11 Mirrored volumes
      12. 1.5.12 Easy Tier
      13. 1.5.13 iSCSI
      14. 1.5.14 Real-time Compression
      15. 1.5.15 IP replication
    6. 1.6 Advanced copy services
      1. 1.6.1 Synchronous or asynchronous remote copy
      2. 1.6.2 FlashCopy
      3. 1.6.3 Copy Services configuration limits
    7. 1.7 Management and support tools
      1. 1.7.1 IBM Assist On-site and remote service
      2. 1.7.2 Event notifications
      3. 1.7.3 SNMP traps
      4. 1.7.4 Syslog messages
      5. 1.7.5 Call Home email
    8. 1.8 Useful Storwize V7000 websites
      1. 1.8.1 IBM Storwize V7000 learning videos on YouTube
  7. Chapter 2. IBM Storwize V7000 Initial configuration
    1. 2.1 Network requirements for the IBM Storwize V7000 Gen1 and Gen2
      1. 2.1.1 Prerequisites
    2. 2.2 Initial configuration of IBM Storwize V7000 Gen2
    3. 2.3 Initial configuration of IBM Storwize V7000 Gen1
    4. 2.4 Secure Shell overview
      1. 2.4.1 Generating public and private SSH key pairs by using PuTTY
      2. 2.4.2 Uploading the SSH public key to the SAN Volume Controller cluster
      3. 2.4.3 Configuring the PuTTY session for the CLI
      4. 2.4.4 Starting the PuTTY CLI session
      5. 2.4.5 Configuring SSH for AIX clients
    5. 2.5 Using IPv6
      1. 2.5.1 Migrating a cluster from IPv4 to IPv6
      2. 2.5.2 Migrating a cluster from IPv6 to IPv4
  8. Chapter 3. Graphical user interface
    1. 3.1 Overview of IBM Storwize V7000 management software
      1. 3.1.1 Access to the storage management software
      2. 3.1.2 System panel layout
      3. 3.1.3 Navigation
      4. 3.1.4 Multiple selection
      5. 3.1.5 Status indicators area
    2. 3.2 Overview panel
    3. 3.3 Monitoring menu
      1. 3.3.1 System overview
      2. 3.3.2 System Details option
      3. 3.3.3 Events
      4. 3.3.4 Performance
    4. 3.4 Pools menu
      1. 3.4.1 Volumes by pool
      2. 3.4.2 Internal storage
      3. 3.4.3 External storage
      4. 3.4.4 MDisks by pools
      5. 3.4.5 System migration
    5. 3.5 Volumes menu
      1. 3.5.1 All volumes
      2. 3.5.2 Volumes by pool
      3. 3.5.3 Volumes by host
    6. 3.6 Hosts menu
      1. 3.6.1 Hosts
      2. 3.6.2 Ports by host
      3. 3.6.3 Host mappings
      4. 3.6.4 Volumes by host
    7. 3.7 Copy Services
      1. 3.7.1 FlashCopy
      2. 3.7.2 Consistency Group
      3. 3.7.3 FlashCopy mappings
      4. 3.7.4 Remote Copy
      5. 3.7.5 Partnerships
    8. 3.8 Access menu
      1. 3.8.1 Users
      2. 3.8.2 Audit Log menu
    9. 3.9 Settings menu
      1. 3.9.1 Notifications
      2. 3.9.2 Network
      3. 3.9.3 Security
      4. 3.9.4 System
      5. 3.9.5 Support
      6. 3.9.6 GUI preferences
  9. Chapter 4. Host configuration
    1. 4.1 Host attachment overview
    2. 4.2 Preparing the host operating system
      1. 4.2.1 Windows 2008 R2 and 2012 R2: Preparing for Fibre Channel attachment
      2. 4.2.2 Windows 2008 R2 and Windows 2012 R2: Preparing for iSCSI attachment
      3. 4.2.3 VMware ESXi: Preparing for Fibre Channel attachment
      4. 4.2.4 VMware ESXi: Preparing for iSCSI attachment
    3. 4.3 Creating hosts using the GUI
      1. 4.3.1 Creating Fibre Channel hosts
      2. 4.3.2 Creating iSCSI hosts
  10. Chapter 5. Basic volume configuration
    1. 5.1 Provisioning storage from IBM Storwize V7000 to hosts
      1. 5.1.1 Creating generic volumes
      2. 5.1.2 Creating thin-provisioned volumes
      3. 5.1.3 Creating mirrored volumes
      4. 5.1.4 Creating a thin-mirrored volume
      5. 5.1.5 Creating compressed volumes
    2. 5.2 Mapping a volume to the host
      1. 5.2.1 Mapping newly created volumes to the host using the wizard
    3. 5.3 Discovering volumes on hosts and multipathing
      1. 5.3.1 Windows 2008 Fibre Channel volume attachment
      2. 5.3.2 Windows 2008 iSCSI volume attachment
      3. 5.3.3 VMware ESX Fibre Channel attachment
      4. 5.3.4 VMware ESX iSCSI attachment
  11. Chapter 6. Migration wizard
    1. 6.1 Preparing for data migration
    2. 6.2 Data migration using the migration wizard
  12. Chapter 7. Storage pools
    1. 7.1 Working with internal drives
      1. 7.1.1 Actions on internal drives
      2. 7.1.2 Configuring internal storage
    2. 7.2 Working with MDisks
      1. 7.2.1 Adding MDisks to storage pools
      2. 7.2.2 Importing MDisks
      3. 7.2.3 RAID action for MDisks
      4. 7.2.4 Selecting the tier for MDisks
      5. 7.2.5 Additional actions on MDisks
    3. 7.3 Working with storage pools
      1. 7.3.1 Child storage pools
  13. Chapter 8. Advanced host and volume administration
    1. 8.1 Advanced host administration
      1. 8.1.1 Modifying Mappings menu
      2. 8.1.2 Unmapping all volumes from a host
      3. 8.1.3 Duplicating and importing mappings
      4. 8.1.4 Renaming
      5. 8.1.5 Removing a host
      6. 8.1.6 Host properties
    2. 8.2 Adding and deleting host ports
      1. 8.2.1 Adding a Fibre Channel or iSCSI host port
      2. 8.2.2 Deleting a host port
    3. 8.3 Host mappings overview
      1. 8.3.1 Unmapping a volume
      2. 8.3.2 Properties (Host)
      3. 8.3.3 Properties (Volume)
    4. 8.4 Advanced volume administration
      1. 8.4.1 Advanced volume functions
      2. 8.4.2 Creating a volume
      3. 8.4.3 Mapping volume to a host
      4. 8.4.4 Unmapping volumes from all hosts
      5. 8.4.5 Viewing a host mapped to a volume
      6. 8.4.6 Duplicating a volume
      7. 8.4.7 Renaming a volume
      8. 8.4.8 Shrinking a volume
      9. 8.4.9 Expanding a volume
      10. 8.4.10 Migrating a volume to another storage pool
      11. 8.4.11 Exporting to an image mode volume
      12. 8.4.12 Deleting a volume
      13. 8.4.13 Protecting volume on deletion
    5. 8.5 Volume properties
      1. 8.5.1 Overview tab
      2. 8.5.2 Host Maps tab
      3. 8.5.3 Member MDisks tab
      4. 8.5.4 Adding a mirrored volume copy
      5. 8.5.5 Editing thin-provisioned or compressed volume properties
    6. 8.6 Advanced volume copy functions
      1. 8.6.1 Thin-provisioned or compressed
      2. 8.6.2 Splitting into a new volume
      3. 8.6.3 Validate Volume Copies
      4. 8.6.4 Duplicate Volume copy
      5. 8.6.5 Delete this Copy
      6. 8.6.6 Migrating volumes using the volume copy features
    7. 8.7 Volumes by storage pool
      1. 8.7.1 Changing the Storage Pool function icon
      2. 8.7.2 Changing the storage pool name
    8. 8.8 Volumes by Host
      1. 8.8.1 Renaming a host
  14. Chapter 9. External storage virtualization
    1. 9.1 Planning for external storage virtualization
      1. 9.1.1 License for external storage virtualization
      2. 9.1.2 SAN configuration planning
      3. 9.1.3 External storage configuration planning
      4. 9.1.4 Guidelines for virtualizing external storage
    2. 9.2 Working with external storage
      1. 9.2.1 Adding external storage
      2. 9.2.2 Managing external storage
      3. 9.2.3 Removing external storage
  15. Chapter 10. Advanced features for storage efficiency
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Easy Tier
      1. 10.2.1 Easy Tier concepts
      2. 10.2.2 SSD arrays and flash MDisks
      3. 10.2.3 Disk tiers
      4. 10.2.4 Easy Tier process
      5. 10.2.5 Easy Tier operating modes
      6. 10.2.6 Implementation considerations
      7. 10.2.7 Modifying the Easy Tier setting
      8. 10.2.8 Monitoring tools
      9. 10.2.9 More information
    3. 10.3 Thin provisioning
      1. 10.3.1 Configuring a thin-provisioned volume
      2. 10.3.2 Performance considerations
      3. 10.3.3 Limitations of virtual capacity
    4. 10.4 Real-time Compression Software
      1. 10.4.1 Common use cases
      2. 10.4.2 Real-time Compression concepts
      3. 10.4.3 Random Access Compression Engine
      4. 10.4.4 Random Access Compression Engine in Storwize V7000 software stack
      5. 10.4.5 Data write flow
      6. 10.4.6 Data read flow
      7. 10.4.7 Compression of existing data
      8. 10.4.8 Configuring compressed volumes
      9. 10.4.9 Storwize V7000 Generation 2 software and hardware updates related toReal-time Compression
      10. 10.4.10 Software enhancements
      11. 10.4.11 Hardware updates
      12. 10.4.12 Dual RACE engine
  16. Chapter 11. Advanced Copy Services
    1. 11.1 FlashCopy
      1. 11.1.1 Business requirements for FlashCopy
      2. 11.1.2 Back up improvements with FlashCopy
      3. 11.1.3 Restore with FlashCopy
      4. 11.1.4 Moving and migrating data with FlashCopy
      5. 11.1.5 Application testing with FlashCopy
      6. 11.1.6 Host and application considerations to ensure FlashCopy integrity
      7. 11.1.7 FlashCopy attributes
    2. 11.2 Reverse FlashCopy
      1. 11.2.1 FlashCopy and Tivoli Storage FlashCopy Manager
    3. 11.3 FlashCopy functional overview
    4. 11.4 Implementing Storwize V7000 FlashCopy
      1. 11.4.1 FlashCopy mappings
      2. 11.4.2 Multiple Target FlashCopy
      3. 11.4.3 Consistency Groups
      4. 11.4.4 FlashCopy indirection layer
      5. 11.4.5 Grains and the FlashCopy bitmap
      6. 11.4.6 Interaction and dependency between Multiple Target FlashCopy mappings
      7. 11.4.7 Summary of the FlashCopy indirection layer algorithm
      8. 11.4.8 Interaction with the cache
      9. 11.4.9 FlashCopy and image mode volumes
      10. 11.4.10 FlashCopy mapping events
      11. 11.4.11 FlashCopy mapping states
      12. 11.4.12 Thin-provisioned FlashCopy
      13. 11.4.13 Background copy
      14. 11.4.14 Synthesis
      15. 11.4.15 Serialization of I/O by FlashCopy
      16. 11.4.16 Event handling
      17. 11.4.17 Asynchronous notifications
      18. 11.4.18 Interoperation with Metro Mirror and Global Mirror
      19. 11.4.19 FlashCopy presets
    5. 11.5 Volume mirroring and migration options
    6. 11.6 Native IP replication
      1. 11.6.1 Native IP replication technology
      2. 11.6.2 IP partnership limitations
      3. 11.6.3 VLAN support
      4. 11.6.4 IP partnership and Storwize V7000 terminology
      5. 11.6.5 States of IP partnership
      6. 11.6.6 Remote copy groups
      7. 11.6.7 Supported configurations
    7. 11.7 Remote Copy
      1. 11.7.1 Multiple Storwize V7000 System Mirroring
      2. 11.7.2 Importance of write ordering
      3. 11.7.3 Remote copy intercluster communication
      4. 11.7.4 Metro Mirror overview
      5. 11.7.5 Synchronous remote copy
      6. 11.7.6 Metro Mirror features
      7. 11.7.7 Metro Mirror attributes
      8. 11.7.8 Global Mirror
      9. 11.7.9 Asynchronous remote copy
      10. 11.7.10 Storwize V7000 Global Mirror features
      11. 11.7.11 Using Change Volumes with Global Mirror
      12. 11.7.12 Distribution of work among nodes
      13. 11.7.13 Background copy performance
      14. 11.7.14 Thin-provisioned background copy
      15. 11.7.15 Methods of synchronization
      16. 11.7.16 Practical use of Metro Mirror
      17. 11.7.17 Practical use of Global Mirror
      18. 11.7.18 Valid combinations of FlashCopy, Metro Mirror, and Global Mirror
      19. 11.7.19 Remote Copy configuration limits
      20. 11.7.20 Remote Copy states and events
    8. 11.8 Remote Copy commands
      1. 11.8.1 Remote Copy process
      2. 11.8.2 Listing available Storwize V7000 system partners
      3. 11.8.3 Changing the system parameters
      4. 11.8.4 Storwize V7000 system partnership
      5. 11.8.5 Creating an MM/GM Consistency Group
      6. 11.8.6 Creating an MM/GM relationship
      7. 11.8.7 Changing an MM/GM relationship
      8. 11.8.8 Changing an MM/GM Consistency Group
      9. 11.8.9 Starting an MM/GM relationship
      10. 11.8.10 Stopping an MM/GM relationship
      11. 11.8.11 Starting an MM/GM Consistency Group
      12. 11.8.12 Stopping an MM/GM Consistency Group
      13. 11.8.13 Deleting an MM/GM relationship
      14. 11.8.14 Deleting an MM/GM Consistency Group
      15. 11.8.15 Reversing an MM/GM relationship
      16. 11.8.16 Reversing an MM/GM Consistency Group
    9. 11.9 Troubleshooting remote copy
      1. 11.9.1 1920 error
      2. 11.9.2 1720 error
  17. Chapter 12. Encryption
    1. 12.1 Encryption using the Storwize V7000 Gen2
    2. 12.2 Encryption activation
    3. 12.3 Automatic activation of the Encryption feature
    4. 12.4 Manual activation of the Encryption feature
    5. 12.5 Enabling encryption
      1. 12.5.1 CLI commands to enable encryption
    6. 12.6 Rekeying an encryption-enabled system
    7. 12.7 Disabling encryption
  18. Chapter 13. RAS, monitoring, and troubleshooting
    1. 13.1 Reliability, availability, and serviceability
      1. 13.1.1 Node canisters
      2. 13.1.2 Expansion canisters
      3. 13.1.3 Enclosure SAS cabling
      4. 13.1.4 Power
    2. 13.2 Configuration backup
      1. 13.2.1 Backup using CLI
      2. 13.2.2 Backup using GUI
    3. 13.3 Software upgrade
      1. 13.3.1 Precautions before the upgrade
      2. 13.3.2 Storwize V7000 upgrade test utility
      3. 13.3.3 Upgrade procedure Version 7.3.x.x to 7.4.x.x
      4. 13.3.4 Upgrade procedure Version 7.4.x.x to 7.4.y.y
    4. 13.4 Critical Fix Notification feature
    5. 13.5 Monitoring host paths to IBM Storwize V7000
    6. 13.6 Troubleshooting and fix procedures
      1. 13.6.1 Managing event log
      2. 13.6.2 Running a fix procedure
      3. 13.6.3 Event log details
    7. 13.7 Monitoring
      1. 13.7.1 Email notifications and Call Home
    8. 13.8 Audit log
    9. 13.9 Collecting support information
    10. 13.10 Shutting down IBM Storwize V7000
      1. 13.10.1 Shutting down a node canister
      2. 13.10.2 Shutting down a system
      3. 13.10.3 Shutting down and powering on an IBM Storwize V7000 infrastructure
  19. Appendix A. CLI setup and SAN Boot
    1. Command-line interface
    2. SAN Boot
  20. Related publications
    1. IBM Redbooks
    2. Other resources
    3. Referenced websites
    4. Help from IBM
  21. Back cover
  22. IBM System x Reference Architecture for Hadoop: IBM InfoSphere BigInsights Reference Architecture
    1. Introduction
    2. Business problem and business value
    3. Reference architecture use
    4. Requirements
    5. InfoSphere BigInsights predefined configuration
    6. InfoSphere BigInsights HBase predefined configuration
    7. Deployment considerations
    8. Customizing the predefined configurations
    9. Predefined configuration bill of materials
    10. References
    11. The team who wrote this paper
    12. Now you can become a published author, too!
    13. Stay connected to IBM Redbooks
  23. Notices
    1. Trademarks