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Impacts of Climate Change on Food Security in Small Island Developing States

Book Description

With the potential to impact weather patterns, agriculture, and habitability of certain regions, global warming is a topic of interest to environmentalists, scientists, as well as farmers around the world. The threat of food shortages and famine especially becomes a major concern as a result of recent climate shifts. Impacts of Climate Change on Food Security in Small Island Developing States discusses the repercussions of a shifting climate on food production and availability in small island nations. Comprised of research-based chapters on topics relevant to crop management, sustainable development, and livestock management on island territories, this advanced reference work is appropriate for environmental researchers, food scientists, academicians, and upper-level students seeking the latest information on agricultural concerns amidst a changing climate.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board
  5. Preface
    1. REFERENCES
  6. Acknowledgment
  7. Section 1: Overview
    1. Chapter 1: An Overview of Climate Change and Impacts on Food Security in Small Island Developing States
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CLIMATE CHANGE OVERVIEW
      4. CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECTIONS
      5. REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
      6. RESPONDING TO CLIMATE CHANGE
      7. GENDER AND CLIMATE CHANGE
      8. MONITORING AND EVALUATION
      9. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON ISLAND TERRITORIES AND COASTAL AREAS OF DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  8. Section 2: Country or Regional Chapters
    1. Chapter 2: The Caribbean's Response to Climate Change Impacts
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE CARIBBEAN REGION
      4. COUNTRY AND AGRICULTURE SECTOR OVERVIEW
      5. HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE RESPONSES
      6. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
      7. ADDRESSING CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
      8. ADAPTATIONS TO CLIMATE CHANGE
      9. MAINSTREAMING
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 3: The Impacts of Climate Change on Food Security and Management in Papua New Guinea
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. GEOGRAPHY AND SOCIOECONOMIC SITUATION
      3. VULNERABILITY, OBSERVED TRENDS, AND FUTURE CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS
      4. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND CLIMATE VARIABILITY ON AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY
      5. RESEARCH NEEDS
      6. FINDING SOLUTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 4: Adaptation to Impacts of Climate Change on the Food and Nutrition Security Status of a Small Island Developing State
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY IN THE SEYCHELLES
      3. SEYCHELLES’ CLIMATE DATA FOR THE LAST CENTURY
      4. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE SEYCHELLES
      5. SOILS AND SOIL CONSERVATION PRACTICES IN THE SEYCHELLES
      6. STRUCTURES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION MEASURES WITH RESPECT TO FARMS AND HOMES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 5: Adaptations to Climate Change and Climate Variability in the Agriculture Sector in Mauritius
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. AN OVERVIEW OF THE AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN MAURITIUS
      4. IMPACTS OF CC AND CV ON AGRICULTURE
      5. METHODOLOGY OF THE TECHNOLOGY NEEDS ASSESSMENT
      6. TECHNOLOGY NEEDS ASSESSMENT FOR ADAPTATION
      7. RESULTS
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX 1
      14. APPENDIX 2
    5. Chapter 6: Farming Adaptations to the Impacts of Climate Change and Extreme Events in Pacific Island Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OBSERVATIONS ON THE TREND OF CYCLONES AND DROUGHT
      5. FOOD CROPS, CROPPING SYSTEM, AND FOOD SECURITY
      6. EXTREME EVENTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
      7. ADAPTATION STRATEGIES
      8. CONCLUSION AND RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. Section 3: Thematic Areas
    1. Chapter 7: Protected Agriculture
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECTIONS FOR SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES (SIDS)
      4. PROTECTED AGRICULTURE AS A CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION STRATEGY
      5. USE OF PROTECTED AGRICULTURE IN SIDS
      6. PROTECTED AGRICULTURE AS AN ADAPTATION STRATEGY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE
      7. COMBATING HIGH TEMPERATURES THROUGH COVERINGS AND VENTILATION SYSTEMS
      8. IMPROVED PROTECTED AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGIES
      9. ACTIONS TO SUSTAIN THE USE OF PA TECHNOLOGY AS AN ADAPTATION OPTION
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 8: Postharvest Management Strategies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. AGRICULTURE AND THE FOOD VALUE CHAIN
      4. APPROPRIATE POSTHARVEST TECHNOLOGIES AND PRACTICES TO MEET CHALLENGES OF CLIMATE CHANGE
      5. AGRICULTURE, BIO-FUEL, AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
      6. VALUE-ADDED PROCESSING
      7. KEY POSTHARVEST STRATEGIES-HARNESSING OPPORTUNITIES THROUGH APPROPRIATE POLICY FRAMEWORKS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 9: Soil, Water, and Agricultural Adaptations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CARIBBEAN SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES FOR AGRICULTURE
      4. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CARIBBEAN SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES
      5. MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION FOR FOOD SECURITY
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 10: Marine Plants as a Sustainable Source of Agri-Fertilizers for Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE USE OF MARINE BIOMASS AS FERTILIZER AND HEALTH PROMOTER IN LAND CROPS
      4. SEAWEED CULTURE STUDIES
      5. ANAEROBIC DIGESTION STUDIES INVOLVING MACROALGAE
      6. OCEAN MACROALGAL AFFORESTATION FOR SIDS
      7. BACKGROUND IN SIDS
      8. CASE STUDIES OF OVERABUNDANT SEAWEEDS IN PACIFIC SIDS
      9. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 11: Sustainable Management of Invasive Species for Small Island Developing States under Changing Climates
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INVASIVE SPECIES AND THEIR IMPACTS
      4. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON INVASIVE PESTS AND THEIR DAMAGE
      5. COMBATING IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX 1: REGIONAL ORGANISATIONS INVOLVED WITH INVASIVE SPECIES
      12. APPENDIX 2: INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS INVOLVED WITH INVASIVE SPECIES
    6. Chapter 12: Education, Extension, and Training for Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SCOPE OF EDUCATION, EXTENSION, AND TRAINING
      4. CLIMATE CHANGE EDUCATION
      5. CLIMATE CHANGE EXTENSION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
  10. Compilation of References
  11. About the Contributors
  12. Introduction