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Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability

Book Description

Water is at the core of all life on Earth and exists as one of the main components of the human body. Because water is essential to life, addressing water pollution and sustainability issues is of great concern to environmentalists and public health specialists alike. Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability highlights several important water-related issues and explores a number of potential solutions to the problem of water sustainability. Focusing on research-based perspectives on water availability, industrial and agricultural pollution, water contamination, and their impacts on the human population as well as the environment, this crucial publication is a necessary addition to academic and government libraries serving graduate-level students, environmental scientists, public health workers, policy makers, and legislators seeking the latest information on sustainable and contaminant-free water resources.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. List of Reviewers
  7. Foreword
  8. Preface
    1. THE CHALLENGES
    2. SEARCH FOR SOLUTIONS
    3. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    4. REFERENCES
  9. Acknowledgment
  10. Section 1: Establishing the Issues or Problems
    1. Chapter 1: The Fundamentals of Water and Natural Waters
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE STRUCTURE OF WATER AND ITS CHEMESTRY
      5. KINDS OF NATURAL WATERS AND HOW THEY ARE AFFECTED BY HUMANITY
      6. THE WATER CYCLE
      7. THE CONSTITUENTS OF NATURAL WATERS
      8. LIFE IN WATER
      9. POLLUTION
      10. SOLUTIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Industrial and Agricultural Sources and Pathways of Aquatic Pollution
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION
      5. AGRICULTURAL POLLUTION
      6. DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: A Review of Emerging Contaminants in Water
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CLASSIFICATION OF EMERGING CONTAMINANTS
      4. SOURCES OF EMERGING CONTAMINANTS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products as Emerging Water Contaminants
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DETECTION AND EVALUATION
      5. ANTIBACTERIALS AND ENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING DRUGS
      6. IODINE 131
      7. NANOTECHNOLOGY
      8. LIFECYCLE
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining on Water Quality in Mozambique and Zimbabwe
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. USE OF MERCURY IN ASGM
      5. EFFECTS OF ASGM ON WATER QUALITY IN MANICA DISTRICT IN MOZAMBIQUE
      6. EFFECTS OF ASGM ON WATER QUALITY IN MZINGWANE DISTRICT IN ZIMBABWE
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. DISCUSSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 6: Cyanobacterial Toxins in Water Sources and Their Impacts on Human Health
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND ON OCCURRENCE OF TOXIN-PRODUCING CYANOBACTERIA
      4. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS PROMOTING CYANOBACTERIAL BLOOMS
      5. HUMAN HEALTH IMPACTS OF CYANOTOXINS
      6. EXPOSURE ROUTES TO CYANOTOXINS
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: MANAGEMENT STRAEGIES AND GUIDELINE LEVELS
      8. SUSTAINABLITY OF CYANOTOXINS IN THE AQUATIC ENVIROMENT
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 7: Floodplain Infrastructure and the Toxic Tide
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 8: Nurses, Healthcare, and Environmental Pollution and Solutions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OBJECTIVES
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 2: Considering Possible Solutions to Issues or Problems
    1. Chapter 9: Issues with Water Quality
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HIGHLIGHT LOCAL SOLUTIONS TO LOCAL PROBLEMS
      4. MATCH THE SCOPE AND SCALE OF THE PROBLEM TO THE SCOPE AND SCALE OF THE SOLUTION
      5. FIND THE CONNECTION THROUGH UNIVERSAL CONCEPTS
      6. PRESENT VALUES EARLY AND OFTEN WHICH SOLVE LOCAL WATER ISSUES
      7. TURN THE MESSAGE INTO A STORY
      8. USE TANGIBLES AND INTANGIBLES TO MAKE THE STORY REAL
      9. EXPLANATORY CHAINS AND METAPHORS CAN HELP SIMPLIFY THE MESSAGE
      10. CHOOSE THE CUES THE PUBLIC WILL FOLLOW
      11. MIND THE SWAMPS
      12. WATCH THE VOLUME
      13. USE SOCIAL MATH TO HELP NUMBERS MAKE SENSE
      14. THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX
      15. IMMERSE YOUR AUDIENCE IN THE SCIENCE
      16. SHARE A POSITIVE VISION
      17. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      18. CONCLUSION
      19. REFERENCES
      20. ADDITIONAL READING
      21. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 10: Design of the Education Campaign
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PLANNING THE EDUCATION CAMPAIGN
      5. IMPLEMENTING THE EDUCATION CAMPAIGN
      6. EVALUATION AND CHALLENGES OF THE EDUCATION CAMPAIGN
      7. SUMMARY
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 11: Health Professionals Can Protect Water Quality
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. STORIES OF IMPACT: HOW TO CREATE CHANGE
      5. IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE PRACTICE, RESEARCH, & POLICY
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 12: Constructed Wetlands
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS TECHNOLOGY
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 13: Access to Safe Drinking Water
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE PROBLEM WITH SANITATION
      5. REALITY CHECKS: EXAMPLE OF A HELPING RELATIONSHIP THAT WORKS
      6. A PRIMARY SOLUTION: WATER FILTRATION AND CHLORINATION
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 14: On-Site Sanitation Systems for Low-Income Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. GUIDELINES FOR TECHNOLOGY SELECTION
      5. PREVENTION OF GROUNDWATER POLLUTION
      6. CONTROL OF ODOR AND FLY NUISANCES
      7. STRUCTURAL STABILITY AND USER SAFETY
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 15: Water Hyacinth
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PROBLEMS OF WATER HYACINTH
      5. CONTROL OPTIONS OF WATER HYACINTH
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMENDATIONS: BENEFICIAL USES OF WATER HYACINTH
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Compilation of References
  13. About the Contributors