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ICTs for Global Development and Sustainability

Book Description

Many hundreds of millions of dollars have been wasted by well meaning philanthropists, aid agencies and governments in projects to deploy ICT solutions in developing contexts. The very long list of public Internet access facilities (telecenters, internet cafés, multi-purpose community centers) that were either closed down, or that never got off the ground in the first place, is very troublesome. Yet, there are some cases that seem to be very effective. ICTs for Global Development and Sustainability: Practice and Applications unites the theoretical underpinnings and scientific methodology of an approach of deploying ICT in marginalized communities to bridge the so-called digital divide. This book contains case studies of Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean that demonstrate which approaches work and which do not in deploying public access to information sources.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Foreword
  5. Preface
    1. PUBLIC ACCESS TO ICT AND TELECENTRES
    2. CULTURAL AND SOCIAL MATTERS
    3. MIXED MEDIA AND LOCALIZATION
    4. MANAGING ICT4D
    5. INFORMED PLANNING AND COOPERATION
    6. CONCLUSION
  6. Section 1: Public Access to ICT and Telecentres
    1. Chapter 1: Re-Thinking Methodology through the E-Bario Project
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: EMERGENCE AND PROBLEMS OF PARTICIPATIVE DEVELOPMENT
      3. WHAT IS AND WHY E-BARIO?
      4. PROJECT FAILURES AND PARTICIPATIVE DEVELOPMENT IN BARIO
      5. PARTICIPATIVE METHODS IN THE KELABIT HIGHLANDS
      6. ASSESSING E-BARIO AND PARTICIPATIVE DEVELOPMENT IN BARIO
      7. PROBLEMS OF PARTICIPATIVE TECHNIQUES IN BARIO
      8. TRANSFORMING EFFECTS OF PARTICIPATIVE DEVELOPMENT
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 2: Bringing the Internet to the Rural Area
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND OF ICT DIFFUSION AND DIGITAL DIVIDE IN MALAYSIA
      4. THE ROLE OF KEDAIKOM IN BRIDGING RURAL DIGITAL DIVIDE
      5. QUESTIONNAIRE DISTRIBUTION AND DATA COLLECTION TIMEFRAME
      6. DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON KEDAIKOM
    3. Chapter 3: The Siyakhula Living Lab
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ICT PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY IN RURAL COMMUNITIES
      5. SOCIAL-CULTURAL AND POLITICAL PERSPECTIVE
      6. INSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE
      7. TECHNOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE TRENDS
    4. Chapter 4: Does IT Help or Not?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. AN INITIATIVE FOR THE CAJAMARCA REGION
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Digital Doorways
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
      4. THE DIGITAL DOORWAY UNWRAPPED
      5. DESIGN-BASED RESEARCH
      6. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE
      7. FINDINGS FROM PARTICULAR SITES
      8. FURTHER DISCUSSION AND FINDINGS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. APPENDIX
    6. Chapter 6: Information and Communication Technologies in Administrative Reform for Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GOVERNANCE, GOVERNMENT AND ICTS: A CONCEPTUAL EXPLORATION
      4. URBAN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORM AND ICTS: THE INDIAN EXPERIENCE
      5. PROPERTY TAX AND E-GOVERNMENT IN INDIA: THE CASE OF KARNATAKA STATE
      6. COMPUTERISING PROPERTY TAX: THE NIRMALA NAGARA PROJECT
      7. CHALLENGES TO EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION
      8. RUBBER HITS ROAD: A DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
      9. CONCLUSION
  7. Section 2: Cultural and Social Matters
    1. Chapter 7: Localisation of Indigenous Content
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE PROGRAM
      4. THEORETICAL DIMENSIONS
      5. INSIGHTS, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE
    2. Chapter 8: Mobile Phones, Diasporas and Developing Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. CHINESE MIGRANTS AND DEVELOPMENT
      3. CHINESE MIGRANTS AND MOBILE PHONES; FACTS AND THEORIES
      4. RESEARCH DESIGN
      5. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 9: “The Men Never Say that They do not Know”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND TO ICTS IN CHILE
      4. INTRODUCING ALGUN, A RURAL TOWN IN CHILE
      5. ANALYSIS OF THE THREE DIMENSIONS OF ACCESS
      6. ADDITIONAL ASPECTS: NORMS RELATED TO TIME
      7. ADDITIONAL ASPECTS: NORMS RELATED TO SPACE
      8. OVERCOMING LIMITS: SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL RESOURCES
      9. CASE STUDY: MARTA CASTILLO
      10. CONCLUSION
  8. Section 3: Mixed Media and Localization
    1. Chapter 10: Reducing Digital Divide
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON PFNET
      4. RESEARCH FINDINGS
    2. Chapter 11: Stronger Voices?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CASE STUDY BACKGROUND
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. FUTURE TRENDS
      8. CONCLUSION
  9. Section 4: Managing ICT4D
    1. Chapter 12: Donor Project funded ICT Initiatives in the Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) Sector of Asian Developing Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. VTE TRENDS IN ASIAN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
      4. SELECTED LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. RESEARCH APPROACH
      6. CASE STUDY EXAMPLE: VIETNAM CASE V1
      7. RESEARCH FINDINGS
      8. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 13: iREACH
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
      4. THE IREACH PROJECT
      5. THE IMPACT OF IREACH ON THE LOCAL COMMUNITY
      6. FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
      7. CONCLUDING REMARKS
  10. Section 5: Informed Planning and Cooperation
    1. Chapter 14: Why Institutional Partnerships Matter
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT
      5. RESEARCH METHODS
      6. DATA ANALYSIS
      7. FACTORS AFFECTING THE FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY OF THE KIOSKS
      8. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF DHAN AND CHIRAG KIOSKS
      9. SUSTAINABILITY FAILURE OF THE CHIRAG KIOSKS
      10. IMPLICATIONS FOR ICT FOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
      11. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 15: “Developed in the South”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT USING THE HISP APPROACH
      5. ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    3. Chapter 16: The Role of Statistics in Development Informatics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DATA INTERPRETATION
      4. HDI (HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX) AND MPI (MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY INDEX)
      5. MOBILE PHONE DATA
      6. USING STATISTICS FOR DEVELOPMENT PLANS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. APPENDIX
  11. Compilation of References
  12. About the Contributors