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IBM Tape Library Guide for Open Systems

Book Description

This IBM® Redbooks® publication presents a general introduction to the latest IBM tape and tape library technologies. Featured tape technologies include the IBM LTO Ultrium and Enterprise 3592 tape drives, and their implementation in IBM tape libraries.

This 13th edition includes information about the latest enhancements to the IBM TS4500 enterprise tape library. In particular, it includes details about the latest TS4500 High Availability feature and its elastic capacity option. This book also provides details about the new TS7650G IBM ProtecTIER® gateway model DD6, contains technical information about each IBM tape product for open systems, and includes generalized sections about Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) and Fibre Channel connections and multipath architecture configurations.

This book also covers tools and techniques for library management. It is intended for anyone who wants to understand more about IBM tape products and their implementation. It is suitable for IBM clients, IBM Business Partners, IBM specialist sales representatives, and technical specialists. If you do not have a background in computer tape storage products, you might need to read other sources of information. In the interest of being concise, topics that are generally understood are not covered in detail.

Table of Contents

  1. Front cover
  2. Notices
    1. Trademarks
  3. IBM Redbooks promotions
  4. Preface
    1. Authors
    2. Now you can become a published author, too
    3. Comments welcome
    4. Stay connected to IBM Redbooks
  5. Summary of changes
    1. August 2016, Thirteenth Edition
    2. January 2016, Twelfth Edition
    3. February 2015, Eleventh Edition
    4. June 2013, Tenth Edition
    5. June 2012, Ninth Edition
    6. June 2011, Eighth Edition
    7. September 2008, Seventh Edition
    8. October 2007, Sixth Edition
    9. April 2007, Fifth Edition
    10. September 2005, Fourth Edition
    11. June 2004, Third Edition
    12. June 2003, Second Edition
    13. November 2000, First Edition
  6. Part 1 Tape basics of open systems
  7. Chapter 1. Tape technology introduction
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Timeline
    3. 1.3 Tape products and technologies
      1. 1.3.1 Recording technology
      2. 1.3.2 Tape reels
      3. 1.3.3 Quarter-inch cartridge
      4. 1.3.4 Digital Data Standard
      5. 1.3.5 The 8 mm format
      6. 1.3.6 SuperDLT
      7. 1.3.7 IBM 3850
      8. 1.3.8 IBM 3480
      9. 1.3.9 IBM 3490
      10. 1.3.10 IBM 3590
      11. 1.3.11 LTO Ultrium tape
      12. 1.3.12 IBM TS1100 tape drive family
      13. 1.3.13 Rack-mount option for TS1150 and TS1140 models
      14. 1.3.14 Libraries
    4. 1.4 Tape solutions in a SAN environment
    5. 1.5 Tape virtualization for open systems
      1. 1.5.1 ProtecTIER virtual tape
      2. 1.5.2 Data deduplication
      3. 1.5.3 HyperFactor
      4. 1.5.4 ProtecTIER models
    6. 1.6 IBM Spectrum Scale
      1. 1.6.1 IBM Spectrum Archive
    7. 1.7 IBM Tape System Library Manager
  8. Chapter 2. Overview of IBM LTO Ultrium tape drives
    1. 2.1 The LTO organization
      1. 2.1.1 Overview
      2. 2.1.2 LTO standards
      3. 2.1.3 Data compression
      4. 2.1.4 Tape cartridge
      5. 2.1.5 IBM LTO Ultrium common subassembly drive
    2. 2.2 Tape encryption overview
      1. 2.2.1 IBM Security Key Lifecycle Manager
      2. 2.2.2 Encryption methods
      3. 2.2.3 LTO Ultrium tape encryption
    3. 2.3 IBM LTO Ultrium highlights
      1. 2.3.1 IBM LTO Ultrium compatibility
      2. 2.3.2 LTO performance
      3. 2.3.3 Reliability
    4. 2.4 IBM LTO Ultrium 7 tape drives
      1. 2.4.1 The IBM LTO Ultrium 7 tape drive range
    5. 2.5 IBM LTO Ultrium 6 tape drives
      1. 2.5.1 The IBM LTO Ultrium 6 tape drive range
    6. 2.6 IBM LTO Ultrium 5 tape drives
      1. 2.6.1 The IBM LTO Ultrium 5 tape drive range
    7. 2.7 IBM LTO Ultrium family of tape drives and libraries
      1. 2.7.1 Multipath architecture
      2. 2.7.2 Next-generation multipath architecture
  9. Chapter 3. IBM TS1100 tape drives
    1. 3.1 IBM TS1100 tape drive family
      1. 3.1.1 The 1 TB background
      2. 3.1.2 Nomenclature
    2. 3.2 Common characteristics of the 3592 tape drive family
      1. 3.2.1 Technology enhancements
      2. 3.2.2 Recording format
      3. 3.2.3 Reliability and availability
      4. 3.2.4 Features that are designed for capacity and performance
      5. 3.2.5 Performance or capacity scaling
    3. 3.3 Physical attachment
      1. 3.3.1 Multiple Fibre Channel ports
      2. 3.3.2 Supported topologies
    4. 3.4 Media
      1. 3.4.1 3592 media cartridge
      2. 3.4.2 WORM functionality
      3. 3.4.3 Tape encryption for TS1150, TS1140, TS1130, and TS1120
      4. 3.4.4 Rack-mount option for TS1150 and TS1140 models
    5. 3.5 IBM TS1150 tape drive
      1. 3.5.1 Physical attachment
      2. 3.5.2 Media
      3. 3.5.3 Capacity and performance
      4. 3.5.4 Access performance specifications and drive characteristics
      5. 3.5.5 Emulation
      6. 3.5.6 Spectrum Archive and LTFS support
      7. 3.5.7 Data safe mode
      8. 3.5.8 Enhanced Ethernet support
      9. 3.5.9 TS1150 physical characteristics
      10. 3.5.10 Upgrade considerations
      11. 3.5.11 Firmware updates
      12. 3.5.12 RAS
      13. 3.5.13 Improved media SARS
      14. 3.5.14 Encryption
    6. 3.6 IBM TS1140 tape drive
      1. 3.6.1 Physical attachment
      2. 3.6.2 Media
      3. 3.6.3 Capacity and performance
      4. 3.6.4 Access performance specifications and drive characteristics
      5. 3.6.5 Emulation
      6. 3.6.6 Spectrum Archive and LTFS support
      7. 3.6.7 Data safe mode
      8. 3.6.8 Enhanced Ethernet support
      9. 3.6.9 TS1140 physical characteristics
      10. 3.6.10 Upgrade considerations
      11. 3.6.11 Firmware updates
      12. 3.6.12 RAS features
      13. 3.6.13 Improved media SARS
      14. 3.6.14 Encryption
      15. 3.6.15 Tracking data that is written
    7. 3.7 IBM TS1130 tape drive
      1. 3.7.1 Multiple subsystem and automation support
      2. 3.7.2 Media
      3. 3.7.3 Capacity and performance
      4. 3.7.4 Access performance specifications and drive characteristics
      5. 3.7.5 Emulation mode
      6. 3.7.6 TS1130 physical characteristics
      7. 3.7.7 Upgrade considerations
      8. 3.7.8 Firmware updates
      9. 3.7.9 RAS features
      10. 3.7.10 Improved media SARS
      11. 3.7.11 Encryption
      12. 3.7.12 Tracking data that is written
    8. 3.8 IBM TS1120 tape drive
      1. 3.8.1 Features for reliability, availability, and performance
      2. 3.8.2 Performance scaling and segmentation
    9. 3.9 IBM Enterprise tape drive 3592 Model J1A
      1. 3.9.1 Characteristics
      2. 3.9.2 Performance scaling
  10. Chapter 4. IBM TS2270 tape drive
    1. 4.1 Product description
    2. 4.2 Half-High Ultrium 7 tape drive
      1. 4.2.1 Platform support
      2. 4.2.2 Performance highlights
    3. 4.3 Media
      1. 4.3.1 Data cartridges
      2. 4.3.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
      3. 4.3.3 Cleaning cartridges
      4. 4.3.4 Cartridge memory
    4. 4.4 Encryption
    5. 4.5 Spectrum Archive and Linear Tape File System
    6. 4.6 Physical attachment
      1. 4.6.1 Serial-attached SCSI
    7. 4.7 Specifications
      1. 4.7.1 Physical specifications
      2. 4.7.2 Power specifications
    8. 4.8 Feature codes
  11. Chapter 5. IBM TS2260 tape drive
    1. 5.1 Product description
    2. 5.2 Half-High Ultrium 6 tape drive
      1. 5.2.1 Platform support
      2. 5.2.2 Performance highlights
    3. 5.3 Media
      1. 5.3.1 Data cartridges
      2. 5.3.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
      3. 5.3.3 Cleaning cartridges
      4. 5.3.4 Cartridge memory
    4. 5.4 Encryption
    5. 5.5 Spectrum Archive and LTFS
    6. 5.6 Physical attachment
      1. 5.6.1 Serial-attached SCSI
      2. 5.6.2 Single serial-attached SCSI and USB port
    7. 5.7 Specifications
      1. 5.7.1 Physical specifications
      2. 5.7.2 Power specifications
    8. 5.8 Feature codes
  12. Chapter 6. IBM TS2360 tape drive
    1. 6.1 Product description
    2. 6.2 Full-High Ultrium 6 tape drive
      1. 6.2.1 Platform support
      2. 6.2.2 Performance highlights
    3. 6.3 Media
      1. 6.3.1 Data cartridges
      2. 6.3.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
      3. 6.3.3 Cleaning cartridges
      4. 6.3.4 Cartridge memory (LTO-CM)
    4. 6.4 Encryption
    5. 6.5 Spectrum Scale and Linear Tape File System
    6. 6.6 Physical attachment
      1. 6.6.1 Serial-attached SCSI
    7. 6.7 Specifications
      1. 6.7.1 Physical specifications
      2. 6.7.2 Power specifications
    8. 6.8 Feature codes
  13. Part 2 IBM tape libraries for open systems
  14. Chapter 7. IBM TS2900 tape autoloader
    1. 7.1 Product description
    2. 7.2 TS2900 tape autoloader components
      1. 7.2.1 Operator Control Panel
      2. 7.2.2 Robotics
      3. 7.2.3 Bar code reader
      4. 7.2.4 Cartridge storage
    3. 7.3 IBM LTO Ultrium Half-High tape drives
      1. 7.3.1 LTO-7 Half-High tape drive
      2. 7.3.2 Encryption
      3. 7.3.3 Spectrum Archive and LTFS
      4. 7.3.4 Notifications
    4. 7.4 Physical attachments
      1. 7.4.1 SAS interface
    5. 7.5 Media
      1. 7.5.1 Data cartridges
      2. 7.5.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
      3. 7.5.3 Cleaning cartridges
      4. 7.5.4 Cartridge Memory chip
    6. 7.6 Specifications
      1. 7.6.1 Physical specifications
      2. 7.6.2 Power specifications
    7. 7.7 Feature codes
  15. Chapter 8. IBM TS3100 tape library
    1. 8.1 Product description
      1. 8.1.1 TS3100 tape library Ultrium 7 models
      2. 8.1.2 TS3100 tape library Ultrium 6 models
      3. 8.1.3 TS3100 tape library Ultrium 5 models
    2. 8.2 TS3100 tape library components
      1. 8.2.1 Operator control panel
      2. 8.2.2 Robotics
      3. 8.2.3 Bar code reader
      4. 8.2.4 Cartridge storage
    3. 8.3 IBM LTO Ultrium tape drives
      1. 8.3.1 Ultrium 7 tape drives
      2. 8.3.2 Path failover
      3. 8.3.3 Encryption
      4. 8.3.4 Spectrum Archive and LTFS
      5. 8.3.5 Notifications
    4. 8.4 Physical attachments
      1. 8.4.1 Fibre Channel interface
      2. 8.4.2 SAS interface
    5. 8.5 Media
      1. 8.5.1 Data cartridges
      2. 8.5.2 Cleaning cartridges
      3. 8.5.3 Cartridge memory chip
    6. 8.6 Specifications
      1. 8.6.1 Physical specifications
      2. 8.6.2 Power specifications
    7. 8.7 Feature codes
  16. Chapter 9. IBM TS3200 tape library
    1. 9.1 Product description
      1. 9.1.1 TS3200 tape library Ultrium 7 models
      2. 9.1.2 TS3200 tape library Ultrium 6 models
      3. 9.1.3 TS3100 tape library Ultrium 5 models
    2. 9.2 TS3200 tape library components
      1. 9.2.1 Operator Control Panel
      2. 9.2.2 Robotics
      3. 9.2.3 Bar code reader
      4. 9.2.4 Cartridge storage
    3. 9.3 IBM LTO Ultrium tape drives
      1. 9.3.1 Ultrium 7 tape drives
      2. 9.3.2 Path failover
      3. 9.3.3 Encryption
      4. 9.3.4 Spectrum Archive and LTFS
      5. 9.3.5 Notifications
    4. 9.4 Physical attachments
      1. 9.4.1 Fibre Channel interface
      2. 9.4.2 SAS interface
    5. 9.5 Media
      1. 9.5.1 Data cartridges
      2. 9.5.2 Cleaning cartridges
      3. 9.5.3 Cartridge memory chip
    6. 9.6 Specifications
      1. 9.6.1 Physical specifications
      2. 9.6.2 Power specifications
    7. 9.7 Feature codes
  17. Chapter 10. IBM TS3310 tape library
    1. 10.1 Product description
      1. 10.1.1 TS3310 tape library Model L5B (Machine Type 3576)
      2. 10.1.2 TS3310 tape library Model E9U (Machine Type 3576)
    2. 10.2 Library expansion
    3. 10.3 Front panel components
      1. 10.3.1 Expansion module
      2. 10.3.2 I/O station
      3. 10.3.3 Access door
      4. 10.3.4 Operator panel
      5. 10.3.5 Power button
      6. 10.3.6 Front panel LEDs
    4. 10.4 Rear panel components
      1. 10.4.1 Library Control Blade
      2. 10.4.2 Tape drives
      3. 10.4.3 Power supply
    5. 10.5 Interior components
      1. 10.5.1 Storage columns
      2. 10.5.2 Robotic system
    6. 10.6 Optional features
      1. 10.6.1 IBM Ultrium tape drives
      2. 10.6.2 Redundant power supply
      3. 10.6.3 Feature licenses
    7. 10.7 Library management
      1. 10.7.1 Operator panel
      2. 10.7.2 Web user interface
      3. 10.7.3 Command-line interface
      4. 10.7.4 Advanced Reporting
      5. 10.7.5 Encryption
    8. 10.8 Multipath architecture
      1. 10.8.1 Using multiple logical libraries for library sharing
      2. 10.8.2 Using multiple control paths
      3. 10.8.3 Using multiple control paths for Control Path Failover
      4. 10.8.4 Using multiple data paths for Data Path Failover
    9. 10.9 Working with logical libraries
      1. 10.9.1 Automatically creating logical libraries
      2. 10.9.2 Manually creating logical libraries
      3. 10.9.3 Deleting logical libraries
      4. 10.9.4 Changing logical library access
      5. 10.9.5 Changing logical library modes
    10. 10.10 Supported environments
      1. 10.10.1 Supported server platforms
      2. 10.10.2 Supported operating systems
      3. 10.10.3 Supported storage software
    11. 10.11 Specifications
      1. 10.11.1 Timings
      2. 10.11.2 Physical specifications
      3. 10.11.3 Operating environment
    12. 10.12 Feature codes
      1. 10.12.1 Power cords
    13. 10.13 Publications
  18. Chapter 11. IBM TS3500 tape library
    1. 11.1 Product description
      1. 11.1.1 TS3500 tape library frames for IBM LTO Ultrium Fibre Channel drives
      2. 11.1.2 TS3500 tape library frames L23 and D23
      3. 11.1.3 TS3500 tape library storage-only frames S24 and S54
      4. 11.1.4 TS3500 tape library (3584) High Availability Unit HA1
      5. 11.1.5 TS3500 tape library shuttle complex (Model SC1)
      6. 11.1.6 High-Performance Storage System
      7. 11.1.7 Tape System Library Manager
    2. 11.2 Library components
      1. 11.2.1 Tape drives supported in the TS3500 tape library
      2. 11.2.2 Library control systems
      3. 11.2.3 Operator interface
      4. 11.2.4 Robotic cartridge accessor
      5. 11.2.5 Rail assembly
      6. 11.2.6 Library-centric WWNN convention
      7. 11.2.7 Control path failover
      8. 11.2.8 Data Path Failover
    3. 11.3 Tape Library Specialist Management Interface
      1. 11.3.1 Reliability
      2. 11.3.2 Remote support
      3. 11.3.3 Monitor and report
      4. 11.3.4 Adding and removing cartridges
    4. 11.4 Performance
      1. 11.4.1 Elements that contribute to high-performance capabilities
    5. 11.5 Upgrades and optional features
    6. 11.6 Advanced Library Management System
      1. 11.6.1 Functional description
      2. 11.6.2 Virtual I/O
    7. 11.7 Host platforms and device drivers
      1. 11.7.1 Feature codes
    8. 11.8 Storage applications
    9. 11.9 Specifications
      1. 11.9.1 Physical specifications
      2. 11.9.2 Floor requirements
      3. 11.9.3 Operating environment
      4. 11.9.4 Power and cooling specifications
  19. Chapter 12. IBM TS4500 tape library
    1. 12.1 Overview of the IBM TS4500 tape library
    2. 12.2 TS4500 product description
      1. 12.2.1 TS4500 tape library frames for IBM LTO Ultrium Fibre Channel drives
      2. 12.2.2 TS4500 tape library frames for IBM 3592 Fibre Channel drives
      3. 12.2.3 TS4500 tape library storage-only HD frames
      4. 12.2.4 TS4500 High Availability (HA) option
      5. 12.2.5 External TSSC
      6. 12.2.6 TS4500 tape library top rack frame TR1
  20. Chapter 13. IBM TS7600 ProtecTIER Systems
    1. 13.1 ProtecTIER interfaces
    2. 13.2 ProtecTIER solutions
      1. 13.2.1 The TS7650G ProtecTIER Deduplication Gateway
      2. 13.2.2 The TS7620 ProtecTIER Deduplication Appliance Express
    3. 13.3 ProtecTIER definitions
  21. Chapter 14. Library management
    1. 14.1 Overview of library management
    2. 14.2 Management tools and technologies
      1. 14.2.1 Operator panel
      2. 14.2.2 Web user interface
      3. 14.2.3 Command-line interface
      4. 14.2.4 Tape System Library Manager
      5. 14.2.5 TapeAlert
      6. 14.2.6 Tape System Reporter
      7. 14.2.7 SNMP
      8. 14.2.8 IBM Tape Diagnostics Tool
      9. 14.2.9 IBM Ultrium Device Driver
      10. 14.2.10 Summary of management capabilities
    3. 14.3 Library-specific management capabilities
      1. 14.3.1 TS2900 tape autoloader
      2. 14.3.2 TS3100 tape library
      3. 14.3.3 TS3200 tape library
      4. 14.3.4 TS3310 tape library
      5. 14.3.5 TS3500 and TS4500 tape libraries
    4. 14.4 Preferred practices
  22. Part 3 Appendixes
  23. Appendix A. IBM LTO Ultrium and 3592 media
    1. Features available with the initial IBM hardware order
    2. IBM 3589 LTO Ultrium tape cartridges
    3. Bar code labels
    4. IBM 3599 tape cartridges
    5. Labeling service
  24. Appendix B. IPv6 support
    1. Introduction to IPv6
    2. TS3100 network configuration
  25. Appendix C. IBM tape product names
    1. TS series family names
    2. TS1000 tape drives (LTO)
    3. TS1100 tape drives (Enterprise)
    4. TS2000 tape enclosures (LTO)
    5. TS2900 tape autoloader
    6. TS3100 tape library
    7. TS3200 tape library
    8. TS3310 tape library
    9. TS3500 tape library
    10. TS4500 tape library
    11. TS7600 ProtecTIER
  26. Appendix D. Data storage values
  27. Related publications
    1. IBM Redbooks publications
    2. Other publications
    3. Online resources
    4. Help from IBM
  28. Back cover