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IBM Tape Library Guide for Open Systems

Book Description

This IBM® Redbooks® publication presents a general introduction to Linear Tape-Open (LTO) technology and the implementation of corresponding IBM products. The high-performance, high-capacity, and cost-effective IBM TS1150 tape drive is included. The book highlights the IBM TS4500 tape library, which is the next-generation storage solution that is designed to help midsize and large enterprises respond to storage challenges.

The IBM TS1150 tape drive gives organizations an easy way to deliver fast access to data, improve security, and provide long-term retention for less expense than disk solutions. TS1150 offers high-performance, flexible data storage with support for data encryption. This fifth-generation drive can help protect investments in tape automation by offering compatibility with existing automation.

This eleventh edition includes information about the latest enhancements to the IBM Ultrium family of tape drives and tape libraries. In particular, it includes details of the latest IBM LTO Ultrium 6 tape drive technology and its implementation in IBM tape libraries. It contains technical information about each IBM tape product for open systems and includes generalized sections about Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) and Fibre Channel connections and multipath architecture configurations. This edition also includes details about Tape System Library Manager (TSLM), which consolidates and simplifies large TS3500 tape library environments, including the IBM Shuttle Complex.

This book also covers tools and techniques for library management. It is intended for anyone who wants to understand more about IBM tape products and their implementation. It is suitable for IBM clients, IBM Business Partners, IBM specialist sales representatives, and technical specialists. If you do not have a background in computer tape storage products, you might need to read other sources of information. In the interest of being concise, topics that are generally understood are not covered in detail.

Table of Contents

  1. Front cover
  2. Notices
    1. Trademarks
  3. IBM Redbooks promotions
  4. Preface
    1. Authors
    2. Now you can become a published author, too
    3. Comments welcome
    4. Stay connected to IBM Redbooks
  5. Summary of changes
    1. February 2015, Eleventh Edition
    2. June 2013, Tenth Edition
    3. June 2012, Ninth Edition
    4. June 2011, Eighth Edition
    5. September 2008, Seventh Edition
    6. October 2007, Sixth Edition
    7. April 2007, Fifth Edition
    8. September 2005, Fourth Edition
    9. June 2004, Third Edition
    10. June 2003, Second Edition
    11. November 2000, First Edition
  6. Part 1 Tape basics of open systems
  7. Chapter 1. Tape technology introduction
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Timeline
    3. 1.3 Tape products and technologies
      1. 1.3.1 Recording technology
      2. 1.3.2 Tape reels
      3. 1.3.3 Quarter-inch cartridge
      4. 1.3.4 Digital Data Standard
      5. 1.3.5 The 8 mm format
      6. 1.3.6 SuperDLT
      7. 1.3.7 IBM 3850
      8. 1.3.8 IBM 3480
      9. 1.3.9 IBM 3490
      10. 1.3.10 IBM 3590
      11. 1.3.11 LTO Ultrium tape
      12. 1.3.12 IBM TS1100 tape drive family
      13. 1.3.13 Libraries
    4. 1.4 Tape solutions in a SAN environment
    5. 1.5 Tape virtualization for open systems
      1. 1.5.1 ProtecTIER virtual tape
      2. 1.5.2 Data deduplication
      3. 1.5.3 HyperFactor
      4. 1.5.4 File System Interface
      5. 1.5.5 ProtecTIER models
    6. 1.6 Linear Tape File System
      1. 1.6.1 LTFS Single Drive Edition
      2. 1.6.2 LTFS Library Edition
      3. 1.6.3 IBM Linear Tape File System Enterprise Edition (EE)
      4. 1.6.4 LTFS Storage Manager
    7. 1.7 IBM Tape System Library Manager
  8. Chapter 2. Overview of IBM LTO Ultrium tape drives
    1. 2.1 The LTO organization
      1. 2.1.1 Overview
      2. 2.1.2 LTO standards
      3. 2.1.3 Data compression
      4. 2.1.4 Tape cartridge
      5. 2.1.5 IBM LTO Ultrium common subassembly drive
    2. 2.2 Tape encryption overview
      1. 2.2.1 IBM Security Key Lifecycle Manager
      2. 2.2.2 Encryption methods
      3. 2.2.3 LTO Ultrium tape encryption
    3. 2.3 IBM Ultrium 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 highlights
      1. 2.3.1 IBM Ultrium 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 compatibility
      2. 2.3.2 LTO performance
      3. 2.3.3 Reliability
    4. 2.4 IBM LTO Ultrium 6 tape drives
      1. 2.4.1 The IBM LTO Ultrium 6 tape drive range
    5. 2.5 IBM LTO Ultrium 5 tape drives
      1. 2.5.1 The IBM LTO Ultrium 5 tape drive range
    6. 2.6 IBM LTO Ultrium 4 tape drives
      1. 2.6.1 The IBM LTO Ultrium 4 tape drive range
      2. 2.6.2 The IBM LTO Ultrium family of tape drives and libraries
      3. 2.6.3 Multipath architecture
      4. 2.6.4 Next-generation multipath architecture
  9. Chapter 3. IBM TS1100 tape drives
    1. 3.1 IBM TS1100 tape drive family
      1. 3.1.1 The 1 TB background
      2. 3.1.2 Nomenclature
    2. 3.2 Common characteristics of the 3592 tape drive family
      1. 3.2.1 Technology enhancements
      2. 3.2.2 Recording format
      3. 3.2.3 Reliability and availability
      4. 3.2.4 Features designed for capacity and performance
      5. 3.2.5 Performance or capacity scaling
    3. 3.3 Physical attachment
      1. 3.3.1 Multiple Fibre Channel ports
      2. 3.3.2 Supported topologies
    4. 3.4 Media
      1. 3.4.1 3592 media cartridge
      2. 3.4.2 WORM functionality
      3. 3.4.3 Tape encryption for TS1120, TS1130, TS1140, and TS1150
    5. 3.5 IBM TS1150 tape drive
      1. 3.5.1 Physical attachment
      2. 3.5.2 Media
      3. 3.5.3 Capacity and performance
      4. 3.5.4 Access performance specifications and drive characteristics
      5. 3.5.5 Emulation
      6. 3.5.6 Linear Tape File System (LTFS) partitioning support
      7. 3.5.7 Data safe mode
      8. 3.5.8 Enhanced Ethernet support
      9. 3.5.9 TS1150 physical characteristics
      10. 3.5.10 Upgrade considerations
      11. 3.5.11 Firmware updates
      12. 3.5.12 RAS
      13. 3.5.13 Improved media SARS
      14. 3.5.14 Encryption
    6. 3.6 IBM TS1140 tape drive
      1. 3.6.1 Physical attachment
      2. 3.6.2 Media
      3. 3.6.3 Capacity and performance
      4. 3.6.4 Access performance specifications and drive characteristics
      5. 3.6.5 Emulation
      6. 3.6.6 LTFS partitioning support
      7. 3.6.7 Data safe mode
      8. 3.6.8 Enhanced Ethernet support
      9. 3.6.9 TS1140 physical characteristics
      10. 3.6.10 Upgrade considerations
      11. 3.6.11 Firmware updates
      12. 3.6.12 RAS features
      13. 3.6.13 Improved media SARS
      14. 3.6.14 Encryption
      15. 3.6.15 Tracking data written
    7. 3.7 IBM TS1130 tape drive
      1. 3.7.1 Multiple subsystem and automation support
      2. 3.7.2 Media
      3. 3.7.3 Capacity and performance
      4. 3.7.4 Access performance specifications and drive characteristics
      5. 3.7.5 Emulation mode
      6. 3.7.6 TS1130 physical characteristics
      7. 3.7.7 Upgrade considerations
      8. 3.7.8 Firmware updates
      9. 3.7.9 RAS features
      10. 3.7.10 Improved media SARS
      11. 3.7.11 Encryption
      12. 3.7.12 Tracking data written
    8. 3.8 IBM TS1120 tape drive
      1. 3.8.1 Features for reliability, availability, and performance
      2. 3.8.2 Performance scaling and segmentation
    9. 3.9 IBM TotalStorage Enterprise tape drive 3592 Model J1A
      1. 3.9.1 Characteristics
      2. 3.9.2 Performance scaling
  10. Chapter 4. IBM TS2260 tape drive
    1. 4.1 Product description
    2. 4.2 Half-High Ultrium 6 tape drive
      1. 4.2.1 Platform support
      2. 4.2.2 Performance highlights
    3. 4.3 Media
      1. 4.3.1 Data cartridges
      2. 4.3.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
      3. 4.3.3 Cleaning cartridges
      4. 4.3.4 Cartridge memory
    4. 4.4 Encryption
    5. 4.5 Linear Tape File System
    6. 4.6 Physical attachment
      1. 4.6.1 Serial-attached SCSI
      2. 4.6.2 Single serial-attached SCSI and USB port
    7. 4.7 Specifications
      1. 4.7.1 Physical specifications
      2. 4.7.2 Power specifications
    8. 4.8 Feature codes
  11. Chapter 5. IBM TS2360 tape drive
    1. 5.1 Product description
    2. 5.2 Full-High Ultrium 6 tape drive
      1. 5.2.1 Platform support
      2. 5.2.2 Performance highlights
    3. 5.3 Media
      1. 5.3.1 Data cartridges
      2. 5.3.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
      3. 5.3.3 Cleaning cartridges
      4. 5.3.4 Cartridge memory (LTO-CM)
    4. 5.4 Encryption
    5. 5.5 Linear Tape File System
    6. 5.6 Physical attachment
      1. 5.6.1 Serial attached SCSI
    7. 5.7 Specifications
      1. 5.7.1 Physical specifications
      2. 5.7.2 Power specifications
    8. 5.8 Feature codes
  12. Part 2 IBM tape libraries for open systems
  13. Chapter 6. IBM TS2900 tape autoloader
    1. 6.1 Product description
    2. 6.2 TS2900 tape autoloader components
      1. 6.2.1 Operator Control Panel
      2. 6.2.2 Robotics
      3. 6.2.3 Bar code reader
      4. 6.2.4 Cartridge storage
    3. 6.3 IBM LTO Ultrium Half-High tape drives
      1. 6.3.1 LTO-6 Half-High tape drive
      2. 6.3.2 Encryption
      3. 6.3.3 Linear Tape File System
      4. 6.3.4 Notifications
    4. 6.4 Physical attachments
      1. 6.4.1 SAS interface
    5. 6.5 Media
      1. 6.5.1 Data cartridges
      2. 6.5.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
      3. 6.5.3 Cleaning cartridges
      4. 6.5.4 Cartridge Memory chip
    6. 6.6 Specifications
      1. 6.6.1 Physical specifications
      2. 6.6.2 Power specifications
    7. 6.7 Feature codes
  14. Chapter 7. IBM TS3100 tape library
    1. 7.1 Product description
      1. 7.1.1 TS3100 tape library Ultrium 6 models
      2. 7.1.2 TS3100 tape library Ultrium 5 models
      3. 7.1.3 TS3100 tape library Ultrium 4 models
    2. 7.2 TS3100 tape library components
      1. 7.2.1 Operator control panel
      2. 7.2.2 Robotics
      3. 7.2.3 Bar code reader
      4. 7.2.4 Cartridge storage
    3. 7.3 IBM LTO Ultrium tape drives
      1. 7.3.1 Ultrium 6 tape drives
      2. 7.3.2 Path failover
      3. 7.3.3 Encryption
      4. 7.3.4 Linear Tape File System
      5. 7.3.5 Notifications
    4. 7.4 Physical attachments
      1. 7.4.1 Fibre Channel interface
      2. 7.4.2 SAS interface
    5. 7.5 Media
      1. 7.5.1 Data cartridges
      2. 7.5.2 Cleaning cartridges
      3. 7.5.3 Cartridge memory chip
    6. 7.6 Specifications
      1. 7.6.1 Physical specifications
      2. 7.6.2 Power specifications
    7. 7.7 Feature codes
  15. Chapter 8. IBM TS3200 tape library
    1. 8.1 Product description
      1. 8.1.1 TS3200 tape library Ultrium 6 models
      2. 8.1.2 TS3100 tape library Ultrium 5 models
      3. 8.1.3 TS3200 tape library Ultrium 4 models
    2. 8.2 TS3200 tape library components
      1. 8.2.1 Operator Control Panel
      2. 8.2.2 Robotics
      3. 8.2.3 Bar code reader
      4. 8.2.4 Cartridge storage
    3. 8.3 IBM LTO Ultrium tape drives
      1. 8.3.1 Ultrium 6 tape drives
      2. 8.3.2 Path failover
      3. 8.3.3 Encryption
      4. 8.3.4 Linear Tape File System
      5. 8.3.5 Notifications
    4. 8.4 Physical attachments
      1. 8.4.1 Fibre Channel interface
      2. 8.4.2 SAS interface
    5. 8.5 Media
      1. 8.5.1 Data cartridges
      2. 8.5.2 Cleaning cartridges
      3. 8.5.3 Cartridge memory chip
    6. 8.6 Specifications
      1. 8.6.1 Physical specifications
      2. 8.6.2 Power specifications
    7. 8.7 Feature codes
  16. Chapter 9. IBM TS3310 tape library
    1. 9.1 Product description
      1. 9.1.1 TS3310 tape library Model L5B (Machine Type 3576)
      2. 9.1.2 TS3310 tape library Model E9U (Machine Type 3576)
    2. 9.2 Library expansion
    3. 9.3 Front panel components
      1. 9.3.1 Expansion module
      2. 9.3.2 I/O station
      3. 9.3.3 Access door
      4. 9.3.4 Operator panel
      5. 9.3.5 Power button
      6. 9.3.6 Front panel LEDs
    4. 9.4 Rear panel components
      1. 9.4.1 Library Control Blade
      2. 9.4.2 Tape drives
      3. 9.4.3 Power supply
    5. 9.5 Interior components
      1. 9.5.1 Storage columns
      2. 9.5.2 Robotic system
    6. 9.6 Optional features
      1. 9.6.1 IBM Ultrium tape drives
      2. 9.6.2 Redundant power supply
      3. 9.6.3 Feature licenses
    7. 9.7 Library management
      1. 9.7.1 Operator panel
      2. 9.7.2 Web user interface
      3. 9.7.3 Command-line interface
      4. 9.7.4 Native SMI-S support
      5. 9.7.5 Support for IBM Tivoli Storage Productivity Center
      6. 9.7.6 Advanced Reporting
      7. 9.7.7 Encryption
    8. 9.8 Multipath architecture
      1. 9.8.1 Using multiple logical libraries for library sharing
      2. 9.8.2 Using multiple control paths
      3. 9.8.3 Using multiple control paths for Control Path Failover
      4. 9.8.4 Using multiple data paths for Data Path Failover
    9. 9.9 Working with logical libraries
      1. 9.9.1 Automatically creating logical libraries
      2. 9.9.2 Manually creating logical libraries
      3. 9.9.3 Deleting logical libraries
      4. 9.9.4 Changing logical library access
      5. 9.9.5 Changing logical library modes
    10. 9.10 Supported environments
      1. 9.10.1 Supported server platforms
      2. 9.10.2 Supported operating systems
      3. 9.10.3 Supported storage software
    11. 9.11 Specifications
      1. 9.11.1 Timings
      2. 9.11.2 Physical specifications
      3. 9.11.3 Operating environment
    12. 9.12 Feature codes
      1. 9.12.1 Power cords
    13. 9.13 Publications
  17. Chapter 10. IBM TS3500 tape library
    1. 10.1 Product description
      1. 10.1.1 TS3500 tape library frames for IBM LTO Ultrium Fibre Channel drives
      2. 10.1.2 TS3500 tape library frames L23 and D23
      3. 10.1.3 TS3500 tape library storage only frames S24 and S54
      4. 10.1.4 TS3500 tape library (3584) High Availability Unit HA1
      5. 10.1.5 TS3500 tape library Shuttle Complex (Model SC1)
      6. 10.1.6 High Performance Storage System
      7. 10.1.7 Tape System Library Manager
    2. 10.2 Library components
      1. 10.2.1 Tape drives supported in the TS3500 tape library
      2. 10.2.2 Library control systems
      3. 10.2.3 Operator interface
      4. 10.2.4 Robotic cartridge accessor
      5. 10.2.5 Rail assembly
      6. 10.2.6 Library-centric WWNN convention
      7. 10.2.7 Control path failover
      8. 10.2.8 Data Path Failover
    3. 10.3 Tape Library Specialist Management Interface
      1. 10.3.1 Reliability
      2. 10.3.2 Remote support
      3. 10.3.3 Monitor and report
      4. 10.3.4 Adding and removing cartridges
    4. 10.4 Performance
      1. 10.4.1 Elements that contribute to high-performance capabilities
    5. 10.5 Upgrades and optional features
    6. 10.6 Advanced Library Management System
      1. 10.6.1 Functional description
      2. 10.6.2 Virtual I/O
    7. 10.7 Host platforms and device drivers
      1. 10.7.1 Feature codes
    8. 10.8 Storage applications
    9. 10.9 Specifications
      1. 10.9.1 Physical specifications
      2. 10.9.2 Floor requirements
      3. 10.9.3 Operating environment
      4. 10.9.4 Power and cooling specifications
  18. Chapter 11. IBM TS7600 ProtecTIER Systems
    1. 11.1 Terminology
      1. 11.1.1 The TS7650G gateway
      2. 11.1.2 The TS7650 Appliance
      3. 11.1.3 The TS7620 ProtecTIER Deduplication Appliance Express (3959 SM2)
    2. 11.2 Data deduplication
      1. 11.2.1 Virtual tape library concept
      2. 11.2.2 File System Interface concept
      3. 11.2.3 HyperFactor
    3. 11.3 TS7650G ProtecTIER Deduplication Gateway
      1. 11.3.1 TS7650G Gateway Models
      2. 11.3.2 TS7650G ProtecTIER Deduplication Gateway (3958 DD5)
      3. 11.3.3 Disk array
      4. 11.3.4 Deployment
    4. 11.4 TS7650 ProtecTIER Deduplication Appliance
      1. 11.4.1 TS7650 Deduplication Appliance
      2. 11.4.2 TS7650 ProtecTIER Deduplication Appliance features
      3. 11.4.3 Available models
      4. 11.4.4 Deployment
    5. 11.5 TS7620 ProtecTIER Deduplication SMB Appliance
      1. 11.5.1 TS7620 hardware components
      2. 11.5.2 Deployment
    6. 11.6 ProtecTIER VTL
      1. 11.6.1 ProtecTIER VTL concepts
      2. 11.6.2 Steady state
    7. 11.7 ProtecTIER OpenStorage
    8. 11.8 ProtecTIER FSI
      1. 11.8.1 FSI Replication
    9. 11.9 Initial configuration of TS7600
      1. 11.9.1 Initial configuration of TS7620 appliance
      2. 11.9.2 Initial configuration of the TS7650 gateway
    10. 11.10 ProtecTIER Manager
      1. 11.10.1 ProtecTIER native replication Management Interface
    11. 11.11 Set up the virtual library and cartridges
      1. 11.11.1 Creating libraries
    12. 11.12 ProtecTIER SNMP support
      1. 11.12.1 IBM MIB definition file
      2. 11.12.2 SNMP compatibility
    13. 11.13 Replication overview
    14. 11.14 How it works
      1. 11.14.1 Replication features
      2. 11.14.2 Typical deployment
    15. 11.15 ProtecTIER native replication
      1. 11.15.1 Replication licensing
      2. 11.15.2 Hardware
      3. 11.15.3 Replication grid
    16. 11.16 Normal operation concepts
      1. 11.16.1 Replication
      2. 11.16.2 Replication data transfer
      3. 11.16.3 Replication topologies in a VTL environment
      4. 11.16.4 Visibility switch control
      5. 11.16.5 Single and multiple domain backup application environments
      6. 11.16.6 Adding replication to an existing production system
    17. 11.17 Many-to-one replication with VTL
      1. 11.17.1 Spoke
      2. 11.17.2 Hub
    18. 11.18 Many-to-many replication with VTL
    19. 11.19 ProtecTIER Replication with OST
      1. 11.19.1 Replication with OST
      2. 11.19.2 ProtecTIER Replication Manager tasks in OST
    20. 11.20 ProtecTIER Replication with FSI
      1. 11.20.1 Replication with FSI
    21. 11.21 IBM TS3000 System Console
    22. 11.22 Operating system
  19. Chapter 12. Library management
    1. 12.1 Overview of library management
    2. 12.2 Management tools and technologies
      1. 12.2.1 Operator panel
      2. 12.2.2 Web user interface
      3. 12.2.3 Command-line interface
      4. 12.2.4 Tape System Library Manager
      5. 12.2.5 TapeAlert
      6. 12.2.6 Tape System Reporter
      7. 12.2.7 SNMP
      8. 12.2.8 SMI-S
      9. 12.2.9 IBM Tivoli Storage Productivity Center
      10. 12.2.10 IBM TotalStorage Tape Diagnostics Tool
      11. 12.2.11 IBM Ultrium Device Driver
      12. 12.2.12 Summary of management capabilities
    3. 12.3 Library-specific management capabilities
      1. 12.3.1 TS2900 tape autoloader
      2. 12.3.2 TS3100 tape library
      3. 12.3.3 TS3200 tape library
      4. 12.3.4 TS3310 tape library
      5. 12.3.5 TS3500 tape library
    4. 12.4 Preferred practices
  20. Part 3 Appendixes
  21. Appendix A. IPv6 support
    1. Introduction to IPv6
    2. TS3100 network configuration
  22. Appendix B. IBM LTO Ultrium and 3592 media
    1. Features available with the initial IBM hardware order
    2. IBM 3589 LTO Ultrium tape cartridges
    3. Bar code labels
    4. IBM 3599 tape cartridges
    5. Labeling service
  23. Appendix C. IBM tape product names
    1. TS series family names
    2. TS1000 tape drives (LTO)
    3. TS1100 tape drive (enterprise)
    4. TS2000 Tape Enclosures (LTO)
    5. TS2900 tape autoloader
    6. TS3100 tape library
    7. TS3200 tape library
    8. TS3310 tape library
    9. TS3400 tape library
    10. TS3500 tape library
    11. TS4500 tape library
    12. TS7600 ProtecTIER
  24. Appendix D. Data storage values
  25. Related publications
    1. IBM Redbooks publications
    2. Other publications
    3. Online resources
    4. Help from IBM
  26. Back cover
  27. IBM System x Reference Architecture for Hadoop: IBM InfoSphere BigInsights Reference Architecture
    1. Introduction
    2. Business problem and business value
    3. Reference architecture use
    4. Requirements
    5. InfoSphere BigInsights predefined configuration
    6. InfoSphere BigInsights HBase predefined configuration
    7. Deployment considerations
    8. Customizing the predefined configurations
    9. Predefined configuration bill of materials
    10. References
    11. The team who wrote this paper
    12. Now you can become a published author, too!
    13. Stay connected to IBM Redbooks
  28. Notices
    1. Trademarks