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IBM SAN Volume Controller Stretched Cluster with PowerVM and PowerHA

Book Description

This IBM® Redbooks® publication describes the IBM Storage Area Network and IBM SAN Volume Controller Stretched Cluster solution when combined with PowerVM® and PowerHA®. We describe guidelines, settings, and the implementation steps that are necessary to achieve a successful implementation.

This book is for administrators who are familiar with the SAN, IBM SAN Volume Controller, and IBM PowerVM and PowerHA Systems.

Table of Contents

  1. Front cover
  2. Notices
    1. Trademarks
  3. Preface
    1. Authors
    2. Now you can become a published author, too!
    3. Comments welcome
    4. Stay connected to IBM Redbooks
  4. Chapter 1. Introduction
    1. 1.1 High Availability concepts, definitions, and building blocks
      1. 1.1.1 Starting points and key definitions: Reliability, Availability, Serviceability
      2. 1.1.2 Key industry definitions
      3. 1.1.3 Infrastructure availability continuum
      4. 1.1.4 High Availability building blocks: IBM Power Systems best practices
      5. 1.1.5 Tiers of DR
      6. 1.1.6 Blending tiers into an optimized solution
    2. 1.2 Storwize V7000
      1. 1.2.1 Overview and concepts
      2. 1.2.2 Architecture and solution context
    3. 1.3 SAN Volume Controller
      1. 1.3.1 Overview and Concepts
      2. 1.3.2 Architecture and solution context
    4. 1.4 SAN Volume Controller Stretched Cluster
      1. 1.4.1 Overview and concepts
      2. 1.4.2 Architecture and solution context
    5. 1.5 Fibre Channel SAN
      1. 1.5.1 Overview and concepts
      2. 1.5.2 Architecture and solution context
    6. 1.6 Power 750 Express and Hardware Management Console
      1. 1.6.1 IBM Power 750 (8233-E8B) Express Server
      2. 1.6.2 IBM Hardware Management Console
    7. 1.7 Architecture and solution context
      1. 1.7.1 Power 750 system architecture
      2. 1.7.2 Power 750 and HMC
    8. 1.8 PowerVM technology
    9. 1.9 PowerVM
      1. 1.9.1 Architecture and solution context
      2. 1.9.2 Virtual I/O Server
      3. 1.9.3 Power Systems network virtualization
    10. 1.10 Live Partition Mobility
      1. 1.10.1 Overview and concepts
      2. 1.10.2 LPM prerequisites and requirements
      3. 1.10.3 Architecture and solution context
    11. 1.11 N_Port ID Virtualization
      1. 1.11.1 Overview and concepts
      2. 1.11.2 Architecture and solution context
      3. 1.11.3 SDDPCM
      4. 1.11.4 Legacy failure categories
      5. 1.11.5 Emerging failure categories
      6. 1.11.6 Multi-path I/O
    12. 1.12 PowerHA
      1. 1.12.1 Overview and concepts
    13. 1.13 Architecture and solution context
      1. 1.13.1 Reliable Scalable Cluster Technology
      2. 1.13.2 SAN Volume Controller Stretched Cluster solution context: PowerHA clusters and workload
    14. 1.14 SAN Volume Controller, Layer-2 IP Network, Storage Networking infrastructure and LPM integration
      1. 1.14.1 Overview and concepts
      2. 1.14.2 Application mobility over distance
      3. 1.14.3 IBM, PowerVM, and Layer 2 IP Network solution
    15. 1.15 Architecture and solution context
      1. 1.15.1 IP and Layer 2 network architecture
    16. 1.16 Open data center Interoperable Network
      1. 1.16.1 Overview and concepts
      2. 1.16.2 Architecture and solution context
  5. Chapter 2. Hardware and Software Description
    1. 2.1 IBM System Storage SAN Volume Controller
    2. 2.2 SAN directors and switches
      1. 2.2.1 SAN384B-2 and SAN768B-2 directors
      2. 2.2.2 SAN24B-5, SAN48B-5, and SAN80B-4 switches
    3. 2.3 FCIP routers
      1. 2.3.1 8 Gbps Extension Blade
      2. 2.3.2 SAN06B-R extension switch
    4. 2.4 Ethernet switches and routers
      1. 2.4.1 IBM system networking switches
      2. 2.4.2 Brocade IP routers and Layer 4 - 7 application delivery controllers
    5. 2.5 P750 and Hardware Management Console
      1. 2.5.1 P750
      2. 2.5.2 HMC
    6. 2.6 Software
      1. 2.6.1 IBM Fabric OS
      2. 2.6.2 IBM Network Advisor
      3. 2.6.3 IBM 3759 Fabric Ethernet Network Networking Operating System
      4. 2.6.4 IBM Storwize V7000
      5. 2.6.5 IBM SAN Volume Controller
    7. 2.7 IBM Power Systems operating system
      1. 2.7.1 IBM server firmware
    8. 2.8 IBM PowerVM: VIOS, NPIV, and SDDPCM/MPIO
      1. 2.8.1 PowerVM Editions
      2. 2.8.2 IBM Virtual I/O Server
      3. 2.8.3 IBM LPM
      4. 2.8.4 N_Port ID Virtualization
      5. 2.8.5 Subsystem Device Driver Path Control Module
      6. 2.8.6 MPIO
    9. 2.9 PowerHA
      1. 2.9.1 PowerHA SystemMirror 7.1 deprecated features
      2. 2.9.2 PowerHA SystemMirror 7.1 new features
    10. 2.10 IBM DB2
    11. 2.11 IBM WebSphere Application Server
  6. Chapter 3. SAN Volume Controller Implementation
    1. 3.1 Test environment
    2. 3.2 ADX: Application Delivery Controller
      1. 3.2.1 VIP and real server configuration
      2. 3.2.2 GSLB configuration
    3. 3.3 IP networking configuration
    4. 3.4 IBM System Networking Rack Switch G8264CS
      1. 3.4.1 Layer 2 switch configuration
      2. 3.4.2 IP Core (MLXe) configuration
      3. 3.4.3 Data Center Interconnect configuration
    5. 3.5 IBM FC SAN
      1. 3.5.1 Creating the logical switches
      2. 3.5.2 Creating FCIP tunnels
    6. 3.6 IBM SAN Volume Controller using Stretched Cluster
    7. 3.7 SAN Volume Controller volume mirroring
      1. 3.7.1 Volume mirroring prerequisites
    8. 3.8 SAN Volume Controller I/O operations on mirrored volumes
      1. 3.8.1 Preferred node
      2. 3.8.2 Primary copy
    9. 3.9 Read operations
    10. 3.10 Write operations
      1. 3.10.1 -mirrorwritepriority settings
      2. 3.10.2 Best Practices
    11. 3.11 SAN Volume Controller quorum disk
    12. 3.12 Quorum disk requirements and placement
    13. 3.13 Automatic SAN Volume Controller quorum disk selection
      1. 3.13.1 SAN Volume Controller cluster state and voting
    14. 3.14 Failure scenarios in SAN Volume Controller Split Cluster configuration
    15. 3.15 SAN Volume Controller Split Cluster configurations
      1. 3.15.1 No ISL configuration
      2. 3.15.2 ISL configuration
      3. 3.15.3 FCIP configuration
    16. 3.16 Fibre Channel settings for distance
    17. 3.17 Back-end storage allocation to the SAN Volume Controller Cluster
    18. 3.18 Volume allocation
  7. Chapter 4. PowerVM and PowerHA Implementation
    1. 4.1 PowerVM overview
    2. 4.2 PowerVM considerations
      1. 4.2.1 NPIV planning
    3. 4.3 PowerVM initial configuration
      1. 4.3.1 Power Systems management console
    4. 4.4 Installing VIOS
      1. 4.4.1 Creating a Virtual I/O Server
      2. 4.4.2 Installation of Virtual I/O Server
      3. 4.4.3 Configuring VIOS for client network
      4. 4.4.4 Configuring VIOS for client storage
    5. 4.5 Installing AIX and creating VIOS clients
      1. 4.5.1 AIX client partition installation
      2. 4.5.2 AIX HOST path configuration
    6. 4.6 NPIV initial configuration
    7. 4.7 Live Partition Mobility implementation
      1. 4.7.1 LPM components
      2. 4.7.2 Other components affecting LPM
    8. 4.8 LPM operations
      1. 4.8.1 Inactive migration
      2. 4.8.2 Active migration
    9. 4.9 Combining LPM with other features
      1. 4.9.1 High availability clusters
    10. 4.10 LPM configuration
      1. 4.10.1 LPM prerequisites
      2. 4.10.2 System level preparation
      3. 4.10.3 VIOS preparation
      4. 4.10.4 Client configuration
    11. 4.11 LPM
      1. 4.11.1 Source system validation
      2. 4.11.2 Migration
    12. 4.12 Error identification and resolution
    13. 4.13 LAM considerations
    14. 4.14 PowerHA SystemMirror initial configuration and other considerations
      1. 4.14.1 Considerations before PowerHA 7.1.1 is used
      2. 4.14.2 PowerHA installation and configuration
      3. 4.14.3 High-level PowerHA configuration steps
      4. 4.14.4 PowerHA SystemMirror configuration with DB2
      5. 4.14.5 PowerHA SystemMirror configuration with WebSphere Application Server
      6. 4.14.6 PowerHA SystemMirror configuration examples
    15. 4.15 Advanced configuration
      1. 4.15.1 VIOS partition and system redundancy
      2. 4.15.2 Virtual storage redundancy
      3. 4.15.3 Multipathing in Virtual I/O Server
      4. 4.15.4 Multipathing in client partition
      5. 4.15.5 LVM mirroring considerations
      6. 4.15.6 Virtual Ethernet redundancy
      7. 4.15.7 IBM PowerHA SystemMirror for AIX virtual I/O client
  8. Chapter 5. Stretched Cluster Diagnostic and Recovery Guidelines
    1. 5.1 SAN Volume Controller Stretched Cluster solution testing
      1. 5.1.1 Test environment
      2. 5.1.2 Test scenarios and results
      3. 5.1.3 Test conclusions
    2. 5.2 Solution recovery planning
    3. 5.3 SAN Volume Controller recovery planning
      1. 5.3.1 Planning for SAN Volume Controller recovery first steps
    4. 5.4 PowerVM recovery planning
    5. 5.5 PowerHA SystemMirror recovery planning
    6. 5.6 SAN Volume Controller Diagnosis and recovery guidelines
      1. 5.6.1 Critical event scenarios and complete domain failure
      2. 5.6.2 SAN Volume Controller diagnosis guidelines
      3. 5.6.3 SAN Volume Controller recovery guidelines
    7. 5.7 PowerVM diagnosis and recovery guidelines
      1. 5.7.1 PowerVM diagnosis guidelines
      2. 5.7.2 PowerVM recovery guidelines
    8. 5.8 PowerHA SystemMirror diagnosis and recovery guidelines
      1. 5.8.1 PowerHA SystemMirror diagnosis guidelines
      2. 5.8.2 PowerHA SystemMirror recovery guidelines
  9. Related publications
    1. IBM Redbooks
    2. VMware online resource
    3. Other publications
    4. Web sites
    5. Help from IBM
  10. Back cover