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Hydroxyapatite by Yoshiki Oshida

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CHAPTER 10

EFFECTS OF HYDROXYAPATITE AND INFLUENCES ON HYDROXYAPATITE

Yoshiki Oshida and Takeaki Maeta

10.1 INTRODUCTION

Hydroxyapatite (HA) has two-way contributions in biomaterials and bioengineering: (1) its influences for improvements of mechanical properties and biological actions, and (2) it is affected by various parameters for enhancing HA biofunctionalities.

10.2 EFFECTS OF HA

HA is used as a reinforcing element in HA biocomposite materials. The nanocrystalline HA (nHA) has been incorporated with polymer matrix, such as chitosan (CHI), to yield an HA–CHI biocomposite to overcome the inherent weakness of brittleness associated with HA. Xie et al. [1] synthesized a novel HA–CHI composite and investigated its elastic properties by varying ...

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