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Human Rights and Information Communication Technologies

Book Description

Intergovernmental agencies, governments, and non-governmental organizations are now using Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) to collect, organize, and disseminate information on peoples’ rights, the promotion of human rights, and the protection of individuals and communities at risk. Human Rights and Information Communication Technologies: Trends and Consequences of Use will provide a comprehensive examination of the use and application of information and communication technologies in the world of human rights. This will contribute significantly to understandings of the impact of ICTs on the promotion and protection of human rights in societies around the world. This book will provide a valuable tool and insight for academics from a range of fields, including information management, information systems, communications, information technology, international relations, human rights, politics, law, and sociology. It will also be useful to international non-governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, and governments for policy and practice.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
    1. THE POTENTIAL OF ICTS FOR THE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMUNITY
    2. THE OTHER SIDE OF THE COIN
    3. ICTS’ ROLE IN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE
    4. ABOUT THIS BOOK
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Section 1: Setting the Scene
    1. Chapter 1: Human Rights and Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ISSUES
      5. A FEW EXISTING SOLUTIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 2: ICT Policies Favouring Human Rights
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS
      4. POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS
      5. PRESENT LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
      6. TARGETS FOR A SUCCESSFUL ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: Negotiating Boundaries between Control and Dissent
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERALL OBJECTIVES OF THE CHAPTER
      4. DIGITAL ARMS RACE
      5. MEANS OF CONTROL
      6. OVERALL MEDIA ENVIRONMENTS
      7. RESPONSE BY COMPANIES
      8. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
  9. Section 2: Case Studies from Around the World
    1. Chapter 4: “In YouTube We Trust”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. YOUTUBE POLITICS: A BRIEF REVIEW
      4. METHOD AND RATIONALE
      5. FINDINGS: A CONTENT DESCRIPTION
      6. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. NOTE
    2. Chapter 5: Truth-Seeking at a Distance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE ORIGINS OF THE DIASPORA PROJECT
      4. LIBERIAN TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSION AS A FORM OF TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE
      5. INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND THE DIASPORA PROJECT
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 6: ICT and Human Rights in Brazil
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ICT, DEVELOPMENT, AND HUMAN RIGHTS
      4. ICT AND THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS’ AGENDA
      5. THE CASE: BRAZILIAN GOVERNMENT
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 7: Contingency and Hybridity in the Study of Digital Advocacy Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION1
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THEORETICAL PREMISES
      5. THE FRONT TO DEFEND EGYPTIAN PROTESTERS
      6. ANALYSIS
      7. PROGRESSIVE NETWORK DEVELOPMENT
      8. CONCLUSION
  10. Section 3: Practitioner Perspectives
    1. Chapter 8: Crowdsourcing for Human Rights Monitoring
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TRADITIONAL METHODS OF HUMAN RIGHTS MONITORING
      4. CURRENT APPLICATIONS
      5. THE POTENTIAL OF CROWDSOURCING
      6. CRITIQUES OF VERIFICATION AND CROWDSOURCING
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 9: Counting the Unknown Victims of Political Violence
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: DOES THE TRUTH MATTER?
      3. BACKGROUND: WHY IS HUMAN RIGHTS DATA SO DIFFICULT TO ANALYZE?
      4. EL SALVADOR 1991: WHO DID WHAT TO WHOM?
      5. GUATEMALA 1993 – 1999: USING MULTIPLE SYSTEMS ESTIMATION TO ANALYZE HUMAN RIGHTS DATA
      6. KOSOVO 1999: USING MULTIPLE SYSTEMS ESTIMATION TO ANALYZE A VERY DIFFERENT CONFLICT
      7. TIMOR-LESTE 2006: CREATING SURVEYS TO UNCOVER THE TRUTH
      8. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS: ANALYZING A LARGE POLICE ARCHIVE
      10. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 10: Human Rights Defenders and the Right to Digital Privacy and Security
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. RIGHT TO PRIVACY WHEN USING DIGITAL TOOLS
      3. DIGITAL PRIVACY THREATS AND THE IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS
      4. STATE SURVEILLANCE OF HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS
      5. DIGITAL FREEDOMS AND PRIVACY RIGHTS AND THE CONFIGURATION OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES
      6. THE PROBLEM WITH SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS
      7. SUPPORTING THE DIGITAL PRIVACY OF HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS
      8. THE FUTURE OF PRIVACY AND THE USE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES TO SUPPORT HUMAN RIGHTS
  11. Section 4: Economic and Social Rights
    1. Chapter 11: Social Assistance via the Internet
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ONLINE CONSULTATION OF SOCIAL ASSISTANCE VIA THE INTERNET
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 12: Mental Health, Post-Secondary Education, and Information Communications Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MENTAL HEALTH AND HIGHER EDUCATION
      4. HUMAN RIGHTS DISCOURSES AND MENTAL HEALTH
      5. ICT, MENTAL HEALTH, AND HIGHER EDUCATION
      6. CASE STUDY
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 13: ICTs and Gender-Based Rights
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WOMEN AND ICTs
      4. FACTS AND FIGURES
      5. VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES
      6. LIBERATING TRANS-NATIONAL NETWORKING
      7. FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
    4. Chapter 14: Health Information Technology and Human Rights
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HEALTHCARE: A HUMAN RIGHT?
      4. SAFEGUARDS FOR CONFIDENTIALITY OF HEALTH INFORMATION
      5. THE NEED FOR BETTER PROTECTION FOR HEALTHCARE DATA
      6. THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY OF ONE’S HEALTH INFORMATION
      7. PRIVACY AND OTHER RIGHTS
      8. PERSONAL ACCESS TO HEALTH DATA
      9. RESEARCH AND SECONDARY USE OF DATA
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
  12. Compilation of References
  13. About the Contributors
  14. Conclusion
    1. THE PIONEERS OF INFORMATION AND ICTs IN HUMAN RIGHTS – A VERY SHORT HISTORY
    2. DRAWING CONCLUSIONS FROM THE CHAPTERS