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Human Olfactory Displays and Interfaces

Book Description

Although good devices exist for presenting visual and auditory sensations, there has yet to be a device for presenting olfactory stimulus. Nevertheless, the area for smell presentation continues to evolve and smell presentation in multimedia is not unlikely in the future.

Human Olfactory Displays and Interfaces: Odor Sensing and Presentation provides the opportunity to learn about olfactory displays and its odor reproduction. Covering the fundamental and latest research of sensors and sensing systems as well as presentation technique, this book is vital for researchers, students, and practitioners gaining knowledge in the fields of consumer electronics, communications, virtual realities, electronic instruments, and more.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Section 1: Fundamentals
    1. Chapter 1: Introduction to Olfaction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ANATOMICAL ORGANIZATION OF THE OLFACTORY SYSTEM
      4. ODORANT SAMPLING
      5. OLFACTORY TRANSDUCTION
      6. ODOR SIGNAL PROCESSING IN THE OLFACTORY BULB (AS SHOWN IN FIGURE 4)
      7. COMPUTATIONS PERFORMED BY OLFACTORY BULB CIRCUITS
      8. MODULATION OF ODOR SIGNAL PROCESSING IN THE OLFACTORY BULB
      9. ODOR ENCODING IN OLFACTORY CORTEX
      10. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 2: Odor Perception
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OLFACTORY SYSTEM AND CHARACTERISTICS OF OLFACTION
      4. BRAIN AS ODOR INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM
      5. PROCESSING OF HIGHER-ORDER INFORMATION IN BRAIN ON HUMAN OLFACTION
      6. PROCESSING OF OLFACTORY INFORMATION ON ACTIVE OLFACTION BY “SNIFFING”
      7. MEMORY OF ODOR AND F-MRI RESEARCH ON “EMOTIONAL RESPONSE”
      8. UNDERSTANDING OF OLFACTION GUIDED FROM THE INTEGRATED FUNCTION OF FIVE SENSES
      9. RECOGNITION AND EXPECTATION FOR NEW ROLE OF OLFACTION
    3. Chapter 3: Basics for Olfactory Display
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TECHNOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF OLFACTORY DISPLAYS
      4. SCENT GENERATION METHODS
      5. SCENT DELIVERY METHODS
      6. EVALUATION METHODS
      7. SUMMARY
    4. Chapter 4: Interaction of Olfaction with Vision or Other Senses using Olfactory Display
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OLFACTORY AND GUSTATORY DISPLAYS
      4. VISUAL-OLFACTORY INTERACTIONS
      5. OLFACTORY-GUSTATORY INTERACTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Odor Analysis Method
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. SENSORY EVALUATION
      3. GAS ANALYSIS INSTRUMENTS
      4. ODOR-SENSING SYSTEM
      5. PATTERN ANALYSIS FOR ODOR SENSING SYSTEM
      6. FORMULATION OF FEATURE SELECTION AND EXTRACTION
      7. FEATURE SELECTION CRITERIA
      8. FEATURE EXTRACTION CRITERIA
      9. FEATURE SEARCH ALGORITHMS
      10. CONVENTIONAL CLASSIFICATION
      11. NEW TYPES OF CLASSIFICATION ALGORITHMS
    6. Chapter 6: Odor Recorder
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHOD TO QUANTIFY MIXTURE COMPOSITION
      4. ODOR RECORDER
      5. VARIOUS TYPES OF ODOR RECORDER
      6. ODOR APPROXIMATION BASED UPON EXTRACTED ODOR COMPONENTS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
  9. Section 2: Latest Studies
    1. Chapter 7: Olfactory Sensing Using Quartz Crystal Microbalances with Radio-Frequency Sputtered Organic Films Based on Phenomenological Gas-Sorption Dynamics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION TO GAS-SORPTION SUBJECTS AT A SENSING LAYER
      3. QUARTZ CRYSTAL MICROBALANCE COATED WITH PLASMA ORGANIC FILMS
      4. APPARATUS FOR TESTING OLFACTORY SENSORS IN HUMID FLOW
      5. CHIRAL VAPOR DISCRIMINATION
      6. AROMA SENSING OF TEA LEAVES
      7. SENSORY EFFECTS OF SURFACE WATER ON ALIPHATIC ACETATE ESTER (AAE) SENSING
      8. IONIC-LIQUID ADDED SPUTTERED ORGANIC FILMS
      9. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 8: Materials Design of Sensing Layers for Detection of Volatile Analytes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. POLYMER-BASED RECOGNITION LAYERS
      4. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 9: Development of Highly Sensitive Compact Chemical Sensor System Employing a Microcantilever Array and a Thermal Preconcentrator
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORY, DESIGN, MATERIALS, AND METHODS
      4. SYSTEM COMPONENTS
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 10: Odor Sensing Using Spherical Surface Acoustic Wave Sensors (Ball SAW Sensors) with Organic Sensing-Films
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ODOR SENSORS: VARIOUS TECHNOLOGIES, ONE GOAL
      4. SPHERICAL SAW DEVICES AS ODOR SENSORS
      5. PERSPECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH ON BALL-SAW ODOR SENSORS
      6. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 11: Real Time Monitoring Mass Spectrometry
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: EXPLOSIVES TRACE DETECTION SYSTEM
      4. KEY TECHNOLOGIES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 12: Electronic Mucosa
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ELECTRONIC MUCOSA: CONCEPT
      5. E-MUCOSA: DESIGN AND FABRICATION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 13: The Technology Demonstration of the Third Generation JPL Electronic Nose on the International Space Station
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEVELOPMENT OF THE THIRD GENERATION JPL ENOSE FOR ISS TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION
      4. SELECTION OF SENSING MATERIALS
      5. GROUND VALIDATION PRIOR TO ISS DEPLOYMENT
      6. OPERATION ON THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION
      7. INITIAL DATA FROM ISS
      8. CHARACTERIZATION OF UNKNOWN EVENTS
      9. POST-FLIGHT VERIFICATION
      10. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 14: Improving the Robustness of Odor Sensing Systems by Multivariate Signal Processing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ROBUSTNESS OF AO SYSTEMS
      4. DRIFT AND SENSOR FAULTS IN A GAS SENSORS ARRAY
      5. EVIDENCE AND STATE OF THE ART IN DRIFT CORRECTION AND FAULT DETECTION
      6. BRIEF STATE-OF-THE-ART FOR DRIFT COUNTERACTION AND FAULT DETECTION BY SIGNAL PROCESSING TECHNIQUES
      7. SIGNAL PROCESSING METHODS FOR IMPROVING ROBUSTNESS
      8. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    9. Chapter 15: Methods and Graphical Tools for Exploratory Data Analysis of Artificial Olfaction Experiments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS AND TECHNIQUES
      4. CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 16: Bio-Inspired Background Suppression Technique and its Implementation into Digital Circuit
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PERCEPTRON MODEL WITH ANTI-HEBBIAN LEARNING
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 17: Evaluating the Psychobiologic Effects of Fragrances through Salivary Biomarkers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SALIVARY MANIFESTATIONS OF OLFACTORY EFFECTS
      4. “POINT-OF–USE” MEASUREMENT OF SALIVARY INDICATORS
      5. EFFECTS OF FRAGRANCES ON SALIVARY BIOMARKER
      6. EFFECTS OF FRAGRANCE CONCENTRATION ON SALIVARY BIOMARKER
      7. SUMMARY
    12. Chapter 18: Measurement of Neocortical Responses to Odors using Optical Imaging
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DIFFERENCE IN CORTICAL RESPONSES
      5. EVALUATION OF EFFECT OF ADDED FLAVORINGS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 19: Aroma Chip Using a Functional Polymer Gel
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MATERIALS AND METHODS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 20: Olfactory Display Based on Ink Jet Printer Mechanism and Its Presentation Techniques
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CHARACTERISTICS OF OLFACTION
      5. PULSE EJECTION OF SCENT
      6. PRESENTATION TECHNIQUES USING PULSE EJECTION FOR SYNCHRONIZATION WITH MEDIA
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
    15. Chapter 21: Incorporating Fluid Dynamics Considerations into Olfactory Displays
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CFD-BASED ODOR PRESENTATION
      5. EFFECT OF HUMAN BODY HEAT
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    16. Chapter 22: Display Technology of Images with Scents and Its Psychological Evaluation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MEANING OF SCENT PRESENTATION TO IMAGE
      5. DISPLAY SYSTEM LINKING SCENTS TO IMAGES
      6. PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF IMAGES WITH SCENTS
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
    17. Chapter 23: Impact of Olfaction on Information Recall
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OLFACTION, THE SENSE OF SMELL
      4. OLFACTION AND AUDIOVISUAL CONTENT
      5. OLFACTION AND INFORMATION RECALL
      6. EXPERIMENTAL METHODOLOGY
      7. MATERIAL
      8. EXPERIMENT QUESTIONNAIRE
      9. RESULTS
      10. INFORMATION ASSIMILATION
      11. PERCEIVED ENJOYMENT OF THE MULTIMEDIA EXPERIENCE
      12. CONCLUSION
    18. Chapter 24: Odor Code Sensor and Odor Reproduction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INTEGRATED ODOR CODE SENSOR
      4. ODOR CODE SENSING BY ODOR SEPARATING SYSTEM
      5. ODOR REPRODUCTION BY MOLECULAR INFORMATION
      6. CONCEPTUAL ODOR REPRODUCTION BY ODOR CLUSTER MAP
      7. CONCLUSION
  10. Compilation of References
  11. About the Contributors