O'Reilly logo

HTML & CSS: The Good Parts by Ben Henick

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Styling Images and Plug-in Content

The layout behavior of inline-block elements, such as images, makes it rarely ideal to publish images without the benefit of at least some styling.

Composing Image Layout Within a Column

In practice, it will become a habit to justify images to column margins, or center them within their parent column; the styles used are shown in Figure 11-6.

The property/value pairs shown include an explicit reference to display: block, which is provided to normalize layout behavior. When used with a class selector, it can also reduce the work required to style accompanying captions.

Captioning Images

Adding a caption to images formatted like those suggested by Figure 11-6 is most easily done in one of two ways:

  • Mat the original image, set bitmapped type in the new negative space, and supply values for the alt and title attributes that reflect the caption text.

  • Follow the image with the caption text, and enclose both in a div element (or less often a paragraph) that’s supplied with layout styles similar to those suggested in the figure.

Typical CSS property/value pairs for formatting inline images

Figure 11-6. Typical CSS property/value pairs for formatting inline images

The first of these captioning implementations requires less markup than the alternative, and ensures that the image will always be presented in an apparent context. Its principal drawback is that it increases bandwidth use out of proportion to the amount of added content. ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required