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HTML & CSS: Design and Build Websites by Jon Duckett

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10

INTRODUCING CSS

  • What CSS does
  • How CSS works
  • Rules, properties, and values

In this section, we will look at how to make your web pages more attractive, controlling the design of them using CSS.

CSS allows you to create rules that specify how the content of an element should appear. For example, you can specify that the background of the page is cream, all paragraphs should appear in gray using the Arial typeface, or that all level one headings should be in a blue, italic, Times typeface.

Once you have learned how to write a CSS rule, learning CSS mostly involves learning the different properties you can use. So this chapter will:

  • Introduce you to how CSS works
  • Teach you how to write CSS rules
  • Show you how CSS rules apply to HTML pages

The remaining chapters in this section will look at all of the various CSS properties you can use.

image

UNDERSTANDING CSS: THINKING INSIDE THE BOX

The key to understanding how CSS works is to imagine that there is an invisible box around every HTML element.

On this page, you can see a basic HTML page.

On the right hand page, you can see the same HTML page, but I have added outlines to each of the elements so that you can see how CSS will treat each element as if it lives inside its own box.

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BLOCK & INLINE ELEMENTS

You may remember from pages 185-186 ...

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