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How Video Works, 2nd Edition

Book Description

How Video Works has been a bible for professionals in the video world since 1985. It offers easy to understand explanations of the entire world of video. A complete guide from analog video to all the new digital technologies, including HD, compression, and encoding. This book is a must-have for any broadcast or video production department. It is also perfect for the new video technician or non-tech creative professional who is just beginning to discover the digital world. Update your library with the brand new version of an industry standard.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Halftitle
  3. Title
  4. Copyright
  5. Table of Contents
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. 1 Introduction
    1. Video Evolution
    2. Analog and Digital
    3. Video Applications
    4. About This Book
  8. 2 Electronic Photography
    1. Tube Cameras
    2. Scanning the Image
    3. Displaying the Image
    4. CCD Cameras
    5. Camera Chips
  9. 3 Scanning
    1. Video Lines
    2. Blanking
    3. Persistence of Vision
    4. Fields
    5. Interlace Scanning
    6. Black and White Specifications
  10. 4 Synchronizing the Analog Signal
    1. Synchronizing Generators
    2. Synchronizing Pulses
    3. Drive Pulses
    4. Blanking Pulses
    5. Horizontal Blanking
    6. Vertical Blanking
    7. Vertical Synchronizing Pulses
    8. Equalizing Pulses
    9. Color Subcarrier
    10. Cross Pulse Display
    11. Other Signal Outputs
    12. Vertical Interval Signals
  11. 5 The Transmitted Signal
    1. Modulating the Signal
    2. Frequency Spectrum
    3. Analog and Digital Broadcasting
    4. Bandwidth
    5. Satellites
    6. Uplink and Downlink
    7. Fiber Optics
    8. How Fiber Optic Transmission Works
  12. 6 Color Video
    1. Additive and Subtractive
    2. Primary and Secondary Colors
    3. The Color System
    4. Harmonics
    5. NTSC Color Transmission
    6. NTSC Color Frame Rate
    7. Vectors
    8. Color Burst
    9. Chrominance and Luminance
    10. Color Difference Signals
    11. I and Q Vectors
    12. Other Color Standards
  13. 7 Monitoring the Color Image
    1. The Human Eye
    2. Color Bars
    3. The Monochrome Image
    4. PLUGE Bars
    5. Color Image
    6. Video Displays
    7. DLP
    8. LCD
    9. LCoS
    10. SED
    11. Plasma
  14. 8 Analog Waveform Monitors
    1. Graticule
    2. Signal Components on Graticule
    3. Waveform Display Controls
    4. Signal Measurement
    5. Filters
    6. Reference
    7. Inputs
    8. Display
    9. Combining Setups
    10. Viewing Color Bars
    11. Viewing an Image
  15. 9 Analog Vectorscopes
    1. Graticule
    2. Axes
    3. Vector Readings
    4. Setup Controls
    5. Input Selections
    6. Calibration
    7. Active Video
    8. PAL Signal
    9. Other Scopes
  16. 10 The Encoded Signal
    1. Analog and Digital Encoding
    2. Analog Encoding Process
    3. Analog Composite Signal
    4. Analog Component Signal
    5. Digital Encoding Process
    6. Digital Composite Signals
    7. Digital Component Signal
    8. Transcoding
    9. Encoding and Compression
  17. 11 Digital Theory
    1. Analog Video
    2. Digital Video
    3. Sampling Rate
    4. Computer Processing
    5. Binary System
    6. Digital Stream
    7. Serial Digital Interface
  18. 12 Digital Television Standards
    1. Standards Organizations
    2. Standards Criteria
    3. Image Resolution
    4. Aspect Ratios
    5. Pixel Aspect Ratio
    6. Interlace and Progressive Scan Modes
    7. Frame Rate
    8. Standards Categories
    9. Conventional Definition Television (CDTV)
    10. Digital Television Categories (DTV)
    11. High Definition Television (HDTV)
    12. Standard Definition Television (SDTV)
    13. Enhanced Definition Television (EDTV)
    14. Digital Television Standards
    15. Digital Television Transmission
  19. 13 High Definition Video
    1. Widescreen Aspect Ratio
    2. Image Resolution
    3. Progressively Segmented Frames
    4. Frame Rate
    5. Film-to-Tape Conversion
    6. Converting Different Frame Rate Sources
    7. Using 2:3 and 3:2 Pulldown Sequences
    8. Maintaining Consistency in Pulldown Sequences
    9. Converting an HD Signal
    10. HDTV Applications
    11. Non-Picture Data
    12. Vertical Ancillary Data (VANC)
    13. Horizontal Ancillary Data (HANC)
    14. Metadata
    15. Syncing the HD Signal
    16. Tri-Level Sync
  20. 14 Digital Scopes
    1. Digital Signal
    2. Dual Digital Scope Overview
    3. WFM601 Monitor Overview
    4. Video Display
    5. Video In
    6. Sweep
    7. Reference
    8. Menu Section
  21. 15 Compression
    1. Lossless Compression
    2. Lossy Compression
    3. Data Reduction
    4. Intraframe Compression
    5. Interframe Compression
    6. Data Transmission Limitations
    7. Bit Rates
    8. Constant Bit Rates
    9. Variable Bit Rates
    10. JPEG Compression
    11. JPEG 2000
    12. Motion JPEG Compression
    13. MPEG Compression
    14. The MPEG Process
    15. I Frames
    16. P Frames
    17. B Frames
    18. The Group of Pictures (GOP)
    19. IP Method
    20. IBP Method
    21. Profiles and Levels
    22. Main Profile at Main Level
    23. Video Encoding and Compression
    24. MPEG Variations
    25. MPEG-1
    26. MPEG-2
    27. MPEG-4
    28. MPEG-4 Compression Process
    29. Problems Introduced During Compression
    30. Compression Artifacts
    31. Compression for Broadband, Cell Phones, and Handheld Devices
    32. DVB-S and DVB S-2
    33. DVB-C
    34. DVB-T
    35. DVB-H
    36. DMB
    37. ISDB
    38. Wi-Fi and WiMAX
  22. 16 Image Acquisition and Recording Formats
    1. Magnetic Recording
    2. Control Track
    3. Signal-to-Noise Ratio
    4. Magnetic Tape
    5. Metal Tape
    6. Modulation and Demodulation in Analog Recording
    7. Erasing Media
    8. Magnetic Video Recording Formats
    9. Other Recording Formats
    10. Hard Drives and RAID Systems
    11. RAID Levels
    12. Servers
    13. Computer Generated Images (CGI)
  23. 17 Optical Media
    1. Optical Recording
    2. Optical Reproduction
    3. Optical Formats
    4. Types of Optical Media
    5. CD
    6. DVD
  24. 18 Timecode
    1. Reading Timecode
    2. Timecode Formats
    3. Non-Drop-Frame and Drop-Frame Timecode
    4. Timecode at 24 Frames Per Second
    5. Timecode Generators and Readers
    6. Visual Timecode
  25. 19 Audio for Video
    1. Measuring Volume
    2. Analog Audio
    3. Digital Audio
    4. Sampling Rates
    5. Audio Compression
    6. Audio Formats
    7. Noise Reduction
    8. What You Hear
    9. Mono, Stereo, and Surround Sound Audio
    10. Audio Standards for Digital Video
    11. Out-of-Phase Audio
  26. 20 Overview of Operations
    1. VTR and VCR Components
    2. Operational Controls
    3. Analog Tape Playback
    4. Analog Playback Procedures
    5. Horizontal Blanking
    6. Vertical Blanking
    7. Video Recording
    8. Signal Timing
    9. Insert and Assemble Editing
    10. Digital Playback and Recording
  27. 21 Test Signals, Displays, and Media Problems
    1. Color Bars
    2. Stairstep
    3. Multiburst
    4. Cross Hatch
    5. Digital Displays
    6. Diamond Display
    7. Bowtie Display
    8. Lightning Display
    9. Arrowhead Display
    10. Eye Pattern Display
    11. Histogram Displays
    12. Analog Tape Problems
    13. Digital Tape Problems
    14. Optical Media Problems
    15. Hard Drive Failures
    16. In Summary
  28. Glossary
  29. Index