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How Video Works

Book Description

Most used book by professionals in broadcast and post production video departments in the entertainment industry!

HOW VIDEO WORKS (formerly Videotape Theory & Operations) offers to the working video professional or student a complete and thorough guide to understanding how the analog and digital broadcast video signal is captured, recorded, transmitted, and broadcast, and the equipment that supports that process.

Written in an easy to understand style, this book has been a bible for professionals in the video world since 1985. Update your library with this new version of an industry standard.

HOW VIDEO WORKS will give you:
* New digital technologies including hi-definition, compression and encoding.
* A hands-on approach to learning about video recording, transmission, and playback.
* Complete glossary of terms covering both analog and digital video.
* Clear and easy to understand explanations-perfect for the new technician or non-tech creative professional.

Contents:
* Overview/Introduction
* Electronic Photography
* Scanning
* Synchronizing the Signal
* Transmitting the Signal
* Color Video
* Color Monitor Setup
* Analog Waveform Monitors
* Analog Vectorscopes
* The Encoded Signal
* Digital Theory
* Digital Television Standards
* High Definition Video
* Digital Scopes
* Compression
* Magnetic Media
* Optical Media
* TimeCode
* Audio For Video
* Operations Overview
* Test Signals & Media Problems

Diana Weynand is an award-winning producer, director, editor, and co-founder of Weynand Training International (www.weynand.com), who has led the way in training on emerging technologies for the entertainment industry since 1981. She spent time as a videotape operator and online editor for ABC, and as Supervising Editor for the Barbara Walters Specials. She has been a columnist for numerous trade magazines and written several books on Final Cut Pro. She currently writes a monthly column on
Hi-Definition for the entertainment news magazine, "Below The Line."

Marcus Weise has over thirty-five years experience in the television industry. As an expert in the new digital technology, he has operated in both production and post production as an Associate Director, Online Editor and a Technical Consultant. He designed and oversaw the construction and eventually the operation of worldwide cable television facilities for TV Guide in Hollywood. Among his many credits as a Hi-Definition online editor are CSI and CSI Miami.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Contents
  5. Acknowledgments
  6. Chapter 1 Introduction
    1. Video Evolution
    2. Analog and Digital
    3. Video Applications
    4. About This Book
  7. Chapter 2 Electronic Photography
    1. Tube Cameras
    2. Scanning the Image
    3. Displaying the Image
    4. CCD Cameras
    5. Camera Chips
  8. Chapter 3 Scanning
    1. Video Lines
    2. Blanking
    3. Persistence of Vision
    4. Fields
    5. Interlace Scanning
    6. Black and White Specifications
  9. Chapter 4 Synchronizing the Analog Signal
    1. Synchronizing Generators
    2. Synchronizing Pulses
    3. Drive Pulses
    4. Blanking Pulses
    5. Horizontal Blanking
    6. Vertical Blanking
    7. Vertical Synchronizing Pulses
    8. Equalizing Pulses
    9. Color Subcarrier
    10. Cross Pulse
    11. Other Signal Outputs
    12. Vertical Interval Signals
  10. Chapter 5 The Transmitted Signal
    1. Modulating the Signal
    2. Frequency Spectrum
    3. Analog and Digital Broadcasting
    4. Bandwidth
    5. Satellites
    6. Uplink and Downlink
  11. Chapter 6 Color Video
    1. Additive and Subtractive
    2. Primary and Secondary Colors
    3. The Color System
    4. Harmonics
    5. NTSC Color Transmission
    6. NTSC Color Frame Rate
    7. Vectors
    8. Color Burst
    9. Chrominance and Luminance
    10. Color Difference Signals
    11. I and Q Vectors
    12. Other Color Standards
  12. Chapter 7 Monitoring the Color Image
    1. The Human Eye
    2. Color Bars
    3. The Monochrome Image
    4. PLUGE Bars
    5. Color Image
  13. Chapter 8 Analog Waveform Monitors
    1. Graticule
    2. Signal Components on Graticule
    3. Waveform Display Controls
    4. Signal Measurement
    5. Filters
    6. Reference
    7. Inputs
    8. Display
    9. Combining Setups
    10. Viewing Color Bars
    11. Viewing an Image
  14. Chapter 9 Analog Vectorscopes
    1. Graticule
    2. Axes
    3. Vector Readings
    4. Setup Controls
    5. Input Selections
    6. Calibration
    7. Active Video
    8. PAL Signal
    9. Other Scopes
  15. Chapter 10 The Encoded Signal
    1. Analog and Digital Encoding
    2. Analog Encoding Process
    3. Analog Composite Signal
    4. Analog Component Signal
    5. Digital Encoding Process
    6. Digital Composite Signals
    7. Digital Component Signal
    8. Transcoding
    9. Encoding and Compression
  16. Chapter 11 Digital Theory
    1. Analog Video
    2. Digital Video
    3. Sampling Rate
    4. Computer Processing
    5. Binary System
    6. Digital Stream
    7. Serial Digital Interface
  17. Chapter 12 Digital Television Standards
    1. Standards Organizations
    2. Standards Criteria
    3. Image Resolution
    4. Aspect Ratios
    5. Pixel Aspect Ratio
    6. Interlace and Progressive Scan Modes
    7. Frame Rate
    8. Standards Category
    9. Conventional Definition Television (CDTV)
    10. Digital Television Standards (DTV)
    11. High Definition Television (HDTV)
    12. Standard Definition Television (SDTV)
    13. Digital Audio
  18. Chapter 13 High Definition Video
    1. Widescreen Aspect Ratio
    2. Image Resolution
    3. Progressively Segmented Frames
    4. Frame Rate
    5. Film-to-Tape Conversion
    6. HDTV Worldwide Standards
    7. Converting an HD Signal
    8. HDTV Applications
  19. Chapter 14 Digital Scopes
    1. Digital Signal
    2. Dual Digital Scope Overview
    3. WFM601 Monitor Overview
    4. Video Display
    5. Video In
    6. Sweep
    7. Reference
    8. Menu Section
  20. Chapter 15 Compression
    1. Lossless Compression
    2. Lossy Compression
    3. JPEG Compression
    4. Motion JPEG Compression
    5. MPEG Compression
    6. MPEG-1
    7. MPEG Variations
    8. The MPEG Process
    9. I Frames
    10. P Frames
    11. B Frames
    12. The Group of Pictures (GOP)
    13. IP Method
    14. IBP Method
    15. Bit Rates
    16. Variable Bit Rates
    17. Fixed Bit Rates
    18. Profiles and Levels
    19. Main Profile at Main Level
    20. Video Encoding and Compression
    21. Compression Artifacts
  21. Chapter 16 Magnetic Media
    1. Magnetic Recording
    2. Control Track
    3. Signal-to-Noise Ratio
    4. Magnetic Tape
    5. Metal Tape
    6. Modulation and Demodulation in Analog Recording
    7. Erasing Media
    8. Hard Drives and Servers
    9. Magnetic Formats
  22. Chapter 17 Optical Media
    1. Optical Recording
    2. Optical Reproduction
    3. Optical Formats
    4. Fiber Optics
    5. Magneto-Optical Systems
  23. Chapter 18 Timecode
    1. Reading Timecode
    2. Timecode Formats
    3. Non-Drop Frame and Drop Frame Timecode
    4. Timecode Generators and Readers
    5. Visual Timecode
  24. Chapter 19 Audio for Video
    1. Measuring Volume
    2. Analog Audio
    3. Digital Audio
    4. Sampling Rates
    5. Audio Compression
    6. Audio Formats
    7. What You Hear
    8. Stereo Audio
    9. Surround Sound
    10. Noise Reduction
    11. Out-of-Phase Audio
  25. Chapter 20 Overview of Operations
    1. VTR and VCR Components
    2. Operational Controls
    3. Analog Tape Playback
    4. Analog Playback Procedures
    5. Horizontal Blanking
    6. Vertical Blanking
    7. Video Recording
    8. Signal Timing
    9. Insert and Assemble Editing
    10. Digital Playback and Recording
  26. Chapter 21 Test Signals, Displays, and Media Problems
    1. Color Bars
    2. Stairstep
    3. Multiburst
    4. Cross Hatch
    5. Digital Displays
    6. Analog Tape Problems
    7. Digital Tape Problems
    8. Optical Media Problems
    9. Hard Drive Failures
    10. In Summary
  27. Glossary
  28. Index