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How to Make Animated Films by Kathryn Spencer, Tony White

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Film Production 15 

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Rolling, Flipping, and Pencil Testing

The natural extension of the 2D-based in-betweening stage of production is pencil testing your finished drawings once they are complete. Pencil testing is the only way you will ever learn if your animation is working or not, or if the timing is as you imagine it to be or it needs to be. However, you should never neglect the invaluable process of rolling or flipping prior to testing.

You cannot possibly tell if your hand-drawn animation is working unless you learn how to flip!

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Flipping, or ...

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